Numbers 5:12
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
“Speak to the people of Israel, If any man’s wife goes astray and breaks faith with him,

King James Bible
Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, If any man's wife go aside, and commit a trespass against him,

American Standard Version
Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, If any man's wife go aside, and commit a trespass against him,

Douay-Rheims Bible
Speak to the children of Israel, and thou shalt say to them: The man whose wife shall have gone astray, and contemning her husband,

English Revised Version
Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, If any man's wife go aside, and commit a trespass against him,

Webster's Bible Translation
Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them, If any man's wife shall go astray, and commit a trespass against him,

Numbers 5:12 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Restitution in Case of a Trespass. - No crime against the property of a neighbour was to remain without expiation in the congregation of Israel, which was encamped or dwelt around the sanctuary of Jehovah; and the wrong committed was not to remain without restitution, because such crimes involved unfaithfulness (מעל, see Leviticus 5:15) towards Jehovah. "If a man or a woman do one of the sins of men, to commit unfaithfulness against Jehovah, and the same soul has incurred guilt, they shall confess their sin which they have done, and (the doer) shall recompense his debt according to its sum" (בּראשׁו, as in Leviticus 6:5), etc. האדם מכּל־חטּאת, one of the sins occurring among men, not "a sin against a man" (Luther, Ros., etc.). The meaning is a sin, with which a מעל was committed against Jehovah, i.e., one of the acts described in Leviticus 6:3-4, by which injury was done to the property of a neighbour, whereby a man brought a debt upon himself, for the wiping out of which a material restitution of the other's property was prescribed, together with the addition of a fifth of its value, and also the presentation of a sin-offering (Leviticus 6:4-7). To guard against that disturbance of fellowship and peace in the congregation, which would arise from such trespasses as these, the law already given in Leviticus 6:1 is here renewed and supplemented by the additional stipulation, that if the man who had been unjustly deprived of some of his property had no Gol, to whom restitution could be made for the debt, the compensation should be paid to Jehovah for the priests. The Gol was the nearest relative, upon whom the obligation rested to redeem a person who had fallen into slavery through poverty (Leviticus 25:25). The allusion to the Gol in this connection presupposes that the injured person was no longer alive. To this there are appended, in Numbers 5:9 and Numbers 5:10, the directions which are substantially connected with this, viz., that every heave-offering (Terumah, see at Leviticus 2:9) in the holy gifts of the children of Israel, which they presented to the priest, was to belong to him (the priest), and also all the holy gifts which were brought by different individuals. The reference is not to literal sacrifices, i.e., gifts intended for the altar, but to dedicatory offerings, first-fruits, and such like. את־קדשׁיו אישׁ, "with regard to every man's, his holy gifts...to him (the priest) shall they be; what any man gives to the priest shall belong to him." The second clause serves to explain and confirm the first. את: as far, with regard to, quoad (see Ewald, 277, d; Ges. 117, 2, note).

Numbers 5:12 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Numbers 5:19,20 And the priest shall charge her by an oath, and say to the woman, If no man have lain with you...

Proverbs 2:16,17 To deliver you from the strange woman, even from the stranger which flatters with her words...

Cross References
Numbers 5:11
And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,

Numbers 5:19
Then the priest shall make her take an oath, saying, 'If no man has lain with you, and if you have not turned aside to uncleanness while you were under your husband's authority, be free from this water of bitterness that brings the curse.

Numbers 5:20
But if you have gone astray, though you are under your husband's authority, and if you have defiled yourself, and some man other than your husband has lain with you,

Numbers 5:29
"This is the law in cases of jealousy, when a wife, though under her husband's authority, goes astray and defiles herself,

Deuteronomy 24:1
"When a man takes a wife and marries her, if then she finds no favor in his eyes because he has found some indecency in her, and he writes her a certificate of divorce and puts it in her hand and sends her out of his house, and she departs out of his house,

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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