Nehemiah 13:4
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Now before this, Eliashib the priest, who was appointed over the chambers of the house of our God, and who was related to Tobiah,

King James Bible
And before this, Eliashib the priest, having the oversight of the chamber of the house of our God, was allied unto Tobiah:

American Standard Version
Now before this, Eliashib the priest, who was appointed over the chambers of the house of our God, being allied unto Tobiah,

Douay-Rheims Bible
And over this thing was Eliasib the priest, who was set over the treasury of the house of our God, and was near akin to Tobias.

English Revised Version
Now before this, Eliashib the priest, who was appointed over the chambers of the house of our God, being allied unto Tobiah,

Webster's Bible Translation
And before this, Eliashib the priest, having the oversight of the chamber of the house of our God, was allied to Tobiah:

Nehemiah 13:4 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

And they cared for the care of their God, etc.; i.e., they observed all that was to be observed, both with respect to God and with respect to purification, i.e., they faithfully and punctually performed their office. On משׁמרת שׁמר, see rem. on Genesis 26:5 and Leviticus 8:35. "And (so also) the singers and doorkeepers," i.e., they, too, observed the duties incumbent on them. This must be mentally supplied from the beginning of the verse. "According to the commandment of David and of Solomon his son;" comp. 2 Chronicles 8:14 and 1 Chronicles 24:26. ו must be inserted before שׁלמה, as in the lxx and Vulgate, after the analogy of 2 Chronicles 33:7 and 2 Chronicles 35:4; for an asyndeton would be here too harsh. As ו is here omitted, so does it also appear superfluously before אסף, Nehemiah 12:46, probably by a clerical error. The verse can be only understood as saying: "for in the days of David, Asaph was of old chief of the singers, and of the songs of praise, and of the thanksgiving unto God." ו before Asaph is here out of place; for to take it as introducing a conclusion: in the days of David, therefore, was Asaph ... seems unnatural. The ו probably came into the text through a reminiscence of 2 Chronicles 29:30 and 2 Chronicles 35:15. The matter, however, of these passages is consistent with the naming of David and Asaph, while such a co-ordination is unsuitable in the present passage. The Masoretes have indeed attempted to make sense of the words by altering the singular ראשׁ into the plural ראשׁי; but the Keri ראשׁי is nothing more than a worthless conjecture, arising partly from the unsuitableness of ו before אסף, and partly from the consideration that Henan and Ethan were, as well as Asaph, chiefs of bands of singers. Nehemiah, however, was not concerned in this passage about exactness of statement, - the mention of Asaph as chief of the singers being quite sufficient for the purpose of his remark, that from the times of David onward orders of singers had existed. - In Nehemiah 12:47 this subject is concluded by the general statement that all Israel, i.e., the whole community, in the days of Zerubbabel and Nehemiah, gave the portions prescribed in the law for the ministers of the sanctuary, singers, doorkeepers, Levites, and priests. מקדּישׁים, they were sanctifying, i.e., consecrabant. הקדּישׁ, to sanctify, said of the bringing of gifts and dues to the ministers of the sanctuary; comp. 1 Chronicles 26:27; Leviticus 27:14. On the matter itself, comp. Nehemiah 10:38. and Numbers 18:26-29.

Nehemiah 13:4 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Eliashib.

Nehemiah 13:7 And I came to Jerusalem, and understood of the evil that Eliashib did for Tobiah...

Nehemiah 12:10 And Jeshua begat Joiakim, Joiakim also begat Eliashib, and Eliashib begat Joiada,

having the oversight of. Heb. being set over.

Nehemiah 12:44 And at that time were some appointed over the chambers for the treasures, for the offerings, for the first fruits, and for the tithes...

allied.

Nehemiah 13:28 And one of the sons of Joiada, the son of Eliashib the high priest, was son in law to Sanballat the Horonite...

Nehemiah 6:17,18 Moreover in those days the nobles of Judah sent many letters to Tobiah, and the letters of Tobiah came to them...

Cross References
Nehemiah 2:10
But when Sanballat the Horonite and Tobiah the Ammonite servant heard this, it displeased them greatly that someone had come to seek the welfare of the people of Israel.

Nehemiah 6:1
Now when Sanballat and Tobiah and Geshem the Arab and the rest of our enemies heard that I had built the wall and that there was no breach left in it (although up to that time I had not set up the doors in the gates),

Nehemiah 6:17
Moreover, in those days the nobles of Judah sent many letters to Tobiah, and Tobiah's letters came to them.

Nehemiah 12:44
On that day men were appointed over the storerooms, the contributions, the firstfruits, and the tithes, to gather into them the portions required by the Law for the priests and for the Levites according to the fields of the towns, for Judah rejoiced over the priests and the Levites who ministered.

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Allied Appointed Associated Chamber Chambers Charge Closely Connected Eliashib Eli'ashib House Kinsman Oversight Placed Priest Prior Related Relation Rooms Storerooms Tobiah Tobi'ah
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Allied Appointed Associated Chamber Chambers Charge Closely Connected Eliashib Eli'ashib House Kinsman Oversight Placed Priest Prior Related Relation Rooms Storerooms Tobiah Tobi'ah
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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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