Nehemiah 12:30
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And the priests and the Levites purified themselves, and they purified the people and the gates and the wall.

King James Bible
And the priests and the Levites purified themselves, and purified the people, and the gates, and the wall.

American Standard Version
And the priests and the Levites purified themselves; and they purified the people, and the gates, and the wall.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the priests and the Levites purified, and they purified the people, and the gates, and the wall.

English Revised Version
And the priests and the Levites purified themselves; and they purified the people, and the gates, and the wall.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the priests and the Levites purified themselves, and purified the people, and the gates, and the wall.

Nehemiah 12:30 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The names Hashabiah, Sherebiah, Jeshua, and Kadmiel, frequently occur as those of heads of Levitical orders: the two first in Nehemiah 10:12., Ezra 8:18.; the two last in Nehemiah 12:8, Nehemiah 10:10, and Ezra 2:40; and the comparison of these passages obliges us to regard and expunge as a gloss the בּן before Kadmiel. Opposite to these four are placed their brethren, whose office it was "to praise (and) to give thanks according to the commandment of David," etc.: comp. 1 Chronicles 16:4; 1 Chronicles 23:30; 2 Chronicles 5:13; and בּמצות ד, 2 Chronicles 29:25. משׁמר לעמּת משׁמר, ward opposite ward, elsewhere used of the gatekeepers, 1 Chronicles 26:16, is here applied to the position of the companies of singers in divine worship. The names of the brethren, i.e., of the Levitical singers, follow, Nehemiah 12:25, where the first three names must be separated from those which follow, and combined with Nehemiah 12:24. This is obvious from the consideration, that Mattaniah and Bakbukiah are mentioned in Nehemiah 11:17 as presidents of two companies of singers, and with them Abda the Jeduthunite, whence we are constrained to suppose that עבדיה is only another form for עבדּא of Nehemiah 11:17. According, then, to what has been said, the division into verses must be changed, and Nehemiah 12:25 should begin with the name משׁלּם. Meshullam, Talmon, and Akkub are chiefs of the doorkeepers; the two last names occur as such both in Nehemiah 11:19 and Ezra 2:42, and even so early as 1 Chronicles 9:17, whence we perceive that these were ancient names of races of Levitical doorkeepers. In Ezra 2:42 and 1 Chronicles 9:17, שׁלוּם, answering to משׁלּם of the present verse, is also named with them. The combination משׁמר שׁוערים שׁמרים is striking: we should at least have expected משׁמר שׁמרים שׁוערים, because, while שׁוערים cannot be combined with משׁמר, שׁמרים may well be so; hence we must either transpose the words as above, or read according to Nehemiah 11:19, בּשּׁערים שׁמרים. In the latter case, בּשּׁערים is more closely defined by the apposition השּׁערים בּאספּי: at the doors, viz., at the treasure-chambers of the doors. On 'acupiym, see rem. on 1 Chronicles 26:15, 1 Chronicles 26:17.

Nehemiah 12:30 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

themselves.

Genesis 35:2 Then Jacob said to his household, and to all that were with him, Put away the strange gods that are among you, and be clean...

Exodus 19:10,15 And the LORD said to Moses, Go to the people, and sanctify them to day and to morrow, and let them wash their clothes...

Numbers 19:2-20 This is the ordinance of the law which the LORD has commanded, saying, Speak to the children of Israel...

2 Chronicles 29:5,34 And said to them, Hear me, you Levites, sanctify now yourselves, and sanctify the house of the LORD God of your fathers...

Ezra 6:21 And the children of Israel, which were come again out of captivity...

Job 1:5 And it was so, when the days of their feasting were gone about, that Job sent and sanctified them, and rose up early in the morning...

Hebrews 5:1,3 For every high priest taken from among men is ordained for men in things pertaining to God...

Cross References
Nehemiah 12:29
also from Beth-gilgal and from the region of Geba and Azmaveth, for the singers had built for themselves villages around Jerusalem.

Nehemiah 13:22
Then I commanded the Levites that they should purify themselves and come and guard the gates, to keep the Sabbath day holy. Remember this also in my favor, O my God, and spare me according to the greatness of your steadfast love.

Nehemiah 13:30
Thus I cleansed them from everything foreign, and I established the duties of the priests and Levites, each in his work;

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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