Matthew 23:5
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
They do all their deeds to be seen by others. For they make their phylacteries broad and their fringes long,

King James Bible
But all their works they do for to be seen of men: they make broad their phylacteries, and enlarge the borders of their garments,

American Standard Version
But all their works they do to be seen of men: for they make broad their phylacteries, and enlarge the borders of their garments ,

Douay-Rheims Bible
And all their works they do for to be seen of men. For they make their phylacteries broad, and enlarge their fringes.

English Revised Version
But all their works they do for to be seen of men: for they make broad their phylacteries, and enlarge the borders of their garments,

Webster's Bible Translation
But all their works they do to be seen by men: they make broad their phylacteries, and enlarge the borders of their garments,

Weymouth New Testament
And everything they do they do with a view to being observed by men; for they widen their phylacteries and make the tassels large,

Matthew 23:5 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

To be seen (πρὸς τὸ θεαθῆναι)

See Matthew 6:1, where the same word occurs. The scribes and Pharisees deport themselves with a view to being contemplated as actors in a theatre; so that men may fix their gaze upon them admiringly.

Phylacteries - Borders of their garments (φυλακτήρια - κράσπεδα)

Phylacteries, called by the Rabbis tephillin, prayer-fillets, were worn on the left arm, toward the heart, and on the forehead. They were capsules containing on parchment these four passages of Scripture: Exodus 13:1-10; Exodus 13:11-16; Deuteronomy 6:4-9; Deuteronomy 11:13-21. That for the head was to consist of a box with four compartments, each containing a slip of parchment inscribed with one of the four passages. Each of these slips was to be tied up with well-washed hair from a calf's tail; lest, if tied with wool or thread, any fungoid growth should ever pollute them. The phylactery of the arm was to contain a single slip, with the same four passages written in four columns of seven lines each. The black leather straps by which they were fastened were wound seven times round the arm and three times round the hand. They were reverenced by the Rabbis as highly as the scriptures, and, like them, might be rescued from the flames on a Sabbath. They profanely imagined that God wore the tephillin.

The Greek word transcribed phylacteries in our versions is from φυλάσσω, to watch or guard. It means originally a guarded post, a fort; then, generally, a safeguard or preservative, and therefore an amulet. Sir J. Cheke renders guards. They were treated as such by the Rabbis. It is said, for instance, that the courtiers of a certain king, intending to kill a Rabbi, were deterred by seeing that the straps of his phylacteries shone like bands of fire. It was also said that they prevented all hostile demons from injuring any Israelite. See on Matthew 9:20, for borders.

Matthew 23:5 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

all.

Matthew 6:1-16 Take heed that you do not your alms before men, to be seen of them: otherwise you have no reward of your Father which is in heaven...

2 Kings 10:16 And he said, Come with me, and see my zeal for the LORD. So they made him ride in his chariot.

Luke 16:15 And he said to them, You are they which justify yourselves before men; but God knows your hearts...

Luke 20:47 Which devour widows' houses, and for a show make long prayers: the same shall receive greater damnation.

Luke 21:1 And he looked up, and saw the rich men casting their gifts into the treasury.

John 5:44 How can you believe, which receive honor one of another, and seek not the honor that comes from God only?

John 7:18 He that speaks of himself seeks his own glory: but he that seeks his glory that sent him, the same is true...

John 12:43 For they loved the praise of men more than the praise of God.

Philippians 1:15 Some indeed preach Christ even of envy and strife; and some also of good will:

Philippians 2:3 Let nothing be done through strife or vainglory; but in lowliness of mind let each esteem other better than themselves.

2 Thessalonians 2:4 Who opposes and exalts himself above all that is called God, or that is worshipped; so that he as God sits in the temple of God...

they make.

Deuteronomy 6:8 And you shall bind them for a sign on your hand, and they shall be as frontlets between your eyes.

Proverbs 3:3 Let not mercy and truth forsake you: bind them about your neck; write them on the table of your heart:

Proverbs 6:21-23 Bind them continually on your heart, and tie them about your neck...

the borders.

Matthew 9:20 And, behold, a woman, which was diseased with an issue of blood twelve years, came behind him, and touched the hem of his garment:

Numbers 15:38,39 Speak to the children of Israel, and bid them that they make them fringes in the borders of their garments throughout their generations...

Deuteronomy 22:12 You shall make you fringes on the four quarters of your clothing, with which you cover yourself.

Cross References
Exodus 13:9
And it shall be to you as a sign on your hand and as a memorial between your eyes, that the law of the LORD may be in your mouth. For with a strong hand the LORD has brought you out of Egypt.

Numbers 15:38
"Speak to the people of Israel, and tell them to make tassels on the corners of their garments throughout their generations, and to put a cord of blue on the tassel of each corner.

Deuteronomy 6:8
You shall bind them as a sign on your hand, and they shall be as frontlets between your eyes.

Deuteronomy 11:18
"You shall therefore lay up these words of mine in your heart and in your soul, and you shall bind them as a sign on your hand, and they shall be as frontlets between your eyes.

Deuteronomy 22:12
"You shall make yourself tassels on the four corners of the garment with which you cover yourself.

Matthew 6:1
"Beware of practicing your righteousness before other people in order to be seen by them, for then you will have no reward from your Father who is in heaven.

Matthew 6:2
"Thus, when you give to the needy, sound no trumpet before you, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets, that they may be praised by others. Truly, I say to you, they have received their reward.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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