Mark 7:22
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
coveting, wickedness, deceit, sensuality, envy, slander, pride, foolishness.

King James Bible
Thefts, covetousness, wickedness, deceit, lasciviousness, an evil eye, blasphemy, pride, foolishness:

American Standard Version
covetings, wickednesses, deceit, lasciviousness, an evil eye, railing, pride, foolishness:

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thefts, covetousness, wickedness, deceit, lasciviousness, an evil eye, blasphemy, pride, foolishness.

English Revised Version
covetings, wickednesses, deceit, lasciviousness, an evil eye, railing, pride, foolishness:

Webster's Bible Translation
Thefts, covetousness, wickedness, deceit, lasciviousness, an evil eye, blasphemy, pride, foolishness;

Weymouth New Testament
covetousness, wickedness, deceit, licentiousness, envy, reviling, pride, reckless folly:

Mark 7:22 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Wickedness (πονμρίαι)

Plural. Rev., wickedness. From πονεῖν, to toil. The adjective πονμρός means, first, oppressed by toils; then in bad case or plight, from which it runs into the sense of morally bad. This conception seems to have been associated by the high-born with the life of the lower, laboring, slavish class; just as our word knave (like the German knabe from which it is derived) originally meant simply a boy or a servant-lad. As πόνος means hard, vigorous labor, battle for instance, so the adjective πονμρός, in a moral sense, indicates active wickedness. So Jeremy Taylor: "Aptness to do shrewd turns, to delight in mischiefs and tragedies; a loving to trouble one's neighbor and do him ill offices." Πονμρός, therefore, is dangerous, destructive. Satan is called ὁ πονηρός, the wicked one. Κακός, evil (see evil thoughts, Mark 7:21), characterizes evil rather as defect: "That which is not such as, according to its nature, destination, and idea it might be or ought to be" (Cremer). Hence of incapacity in war; of cowardice (κακία). κακὸς δοῦλος, the evil servant, in Matthew 24:48, is a servant wanting in proper fidelity and diligence. Thus the thoughts are styled evil, as being that which, in their nature and purpose, they ought not to be. Matthew, however (Matthew 15:19), calls these thoughts πονηροί, the thoughts in action, taking shape in purpose. Both adjectives occur in Revelation 16:2.

Lasciviousness (ἀσέλγεια)

Derivation unknown. It includes lasciviousness, and may well mean that here; but is often used without this notion. In classical Greek it is defined as violence, with spiteful treatment and audacity. As in this passage its exact meaning is not implied by its being classed with other kindred terms, it would seem better to take it in as wide a sense as possible - that of lawless insolence and wanton caprice, and to render, with Trench, wantonness, since that word, as he remarks, "stands in remarkable ethical connection with ἀσέλγεια, and has the same duplicity of meaning" ("Synonyms of the New Testament"). At Romans 13:13, where lasciviousness seems to be the probable meaning, from its association with chambering (οίταις), it is rendered wantonness in A. V. and Rev., as also at 2 Peter 2:18.

Evil eye (ὀφθαλμὸς πονηρὸς)

A malicious, mischief-working eye, with the meaning of positive, injurious, activity. See (above) on wickednesses.

Blasphemy (βλασφημία)

The word does not necessarily imply blasphemy against God. It is used of reviling, calumny, evil-speaking in general. See Matthew 27:39; Romans 3:8; Romans 14:16; 1 Peter 4:4, etc. Hence Rev. renders railing.

Pride (ὑπερηφανία)

From ὑπέρ, above, and φαίνεσθαι, to show one's self. The picture in the word is that of a man with his head held high above others. It is the sin of an uplifted heart against God and man. Compare Proverbs 16:5; Romans 12:16 (mind not high things); 1 Timothy 3:6.

Mark 7:22 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

covetousness, wickedness. Gr. covetousnesses, wickednesses. an evil.

Deuteronomy 15:9 Beware that there be not a thought in your wicked heart, saying, The seventh year, the year of release, is at hand...

Deuteronomy 28:54,56 So that the man that is tender among you, and very delicate, his eye shall be evil toward his brother, and toward the wife of his bosom...

1 Samuel 18:8,9 And Saul was very wroth, and the saying displeased him; and he said, They have ascribed to David ten thousands...

Proverbs 23:6 Eat you not the bread of him that has an evil eye, neither desire you his dainty meats:

Proverbs 28:22 He that hastens to be rich has an evil eye, and considers not that poverty shall come on him.

Matthew 20:15 Is it not lawful for me to do what I will with my own? Is your eye evil, because I am good?

pride.

2 Chronicles 32:25,26,31 But Hezekiah rendered not again according to the benefit done to him; for his heart was lifted up: therefore there was wrath on him...

Psalm 10:4 The wicked, through the pride of his countenance, will not seek after God: God is not in all his thoughts.

Obadiah 1:3,4 The pride of your heart has deceived you, you that dwell in the clefts of the rock, whose habitation is high; that said in his heart...

2 Corinthians 10:5 Casting down imaginations, and every high thing that exalts itself against the knowledge of God...

1 Peter 5:5 Likewise, you younger, submit yourselves to the elder. Yes, all of you be subject one to another, and be clothed with humility...

foolishness.

Proverbs 12:23 A prudent man conceals knowledge: but the heart of fools proclaims foolishness.

Proverbs 22:15 Foolishness is bound in the heart of a child; but the rod of correction shall drive it far from him.

Proverbs 24:9 The thought of foolishness is sin: and the scorner is an abomination to men.

Proverbs 27:22 Though you should bray a fool in a mortar among wheat with a pestle, yet will not his foolishness depart from him.

Ecclesiastes 7:25 I applied my heart to know, and to search, and to seek out wisdom, and the reason of things, and to know the wickedness of folly...

1 Peter 2:15 For so is the will of God, that with well doing you may put to silence the ignorance of foolish men:

Cross References
Psalm 119:36
Incline my heart to your testimonies, and not to selfish gain!

Isaiah 59:7
Their feet run to evil, and they are swift to shed innocent blood; their thoughts are thoughts of iniquity; desolation and destruction are in their highways.

Isaiah 59:13
transgressing, and denying the LORD, and turning back from following our God, speaking oppression and revolt, conceiving and uttering from the heart lying words.

Jeremiah 17:9
The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately sick; who can understand it?

Matthew 6:23
but if your eye is bad, your whole body will be full of darkness. If then the light in you is darkness, how great is the darkness!

Matthew 20:15
Am I not allowed to do what I choose with what belongs to me? Or do you begrudge my generosity?'

Mark 7:21
For from within, out of the heart of man, come evil thoughts, sexual immorality, theft, murder, adultery,

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