Luke 19:8
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And Zacchaeus stood and said to the Lord, “Behold, Lord, the half of my goods I give to the poor. And if I have defrauded anyone of anything, I restore it fourfold.”

King James Bible
And Zacchaeus stood, and said unto the Lord; Behold, Lord, the half of my goods I give to the poor; and if I have taken any thing from any man by false accusation, I restore him fourfold.

American Standard Version
And Zacchaeus stood, and said unto the Lord, Behold, Lord, the half of my goods I give to the poor; and if I have wrongfully exacted aught of any man, I restore fourfold.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But Zacheus standing, said to the Lord: Behold, Lord, the half of my goods I give to the poor; and if I have wronged any man of any thing, I restore him fourfold.

English Revised Version
And Zacchaeus stood, and said unto the Lord, Behold, Lord, the half of my goods I give to the poor; and if I have wrongfully exacted aught of any man, I restore fourfold.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Zaccheus stood, and said to the Lord; Behold, Lord, the half of my goods I give to the poor; and if I have taken any thing from any man by false accusation, I restore him four-fold.

Weymouth New Testament
Zacchaeus however stood up, and addressing the Lord said, "Here and now, Master, I give half my property to the poor, and if I have unjustly exacted money from any man, I pledge myself to repay to him four times the amount."

Luke 19:8 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Stood (σταθεὶς)

See on Luke 18:11. Describing a formal act, as of one who is about to make a solemn declaration. He was like the Pharisee in attitude, but not in spirit. The more formal word for standing, applied to the Pharisee in the temple, is here used of the publican.

Igive

Not, It is my practice to give. Zacchaeus' statement is not a vindication, but a vow. "I now give by way of restoration."

If I have taken anything by false accusation (εἴ τι ἐσυκοφάντησα)

If - anything does not state a merely possible case, as if Zacchaeus were unconscious of any such extortion; but is a milder way of saying "Whatever I have taken." See on Luke 3:14. It is an odd coincidence, nothing more, that the fig-mulberry (sycamore) should occur in connection with the fig-shewer (sycophant). It was common for the publicans to put a fictitious value on property or income, or to advance the tax to those unable to pay, and then to charge usurious interest on the private debt. On the harsh exaction of such debts, see Matthew 18:28; Luke 12:58.

Fourfold

The restoration required of a thief (Exodus 22:1).

Luke 19:8 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Behold.

Luke 3:8-13 Bring forth therefore fruits worthy of repentance, and begin not to say within yourselves, We have Abraham to our father...

Luke 11:41 But rather give alms of such things as you have; and, behold, all things are clean to you.

Luke 12:33 Sell that you have, and give alms; provide yourselves bags which wax not old, a treasure in the heavens that fails not...

Luke 16:9 And I say to you, Make to yourselves friends of the mammon of unrighteousness; that, when you fail...

Luke 18:22,23 Now when Jesus heard these things, he said to him, Yet lack you one thing: sell all that you have, and distribute to the poor...

Psalm 41:1 Blessed is he that considers the poor: the LORD will deliver him in time of trouble.

Acts 2:44-46 And all that believed were together, and had all things common...

Acts 4:34,35 Neither was there any among them that lacked: for as many as were possessors of lands or houses sold them...

2 Corinthians 8:7,8 Therefore, as you abound in every thing, in faith, and utterance, and knowledge, and in all diligence, and in your love to us...

1 Timothy 6:17,18 Charge them that are rich in this world, that they be not high minded, nor trust in uncertain riches, but in the living God...

James 1:10,11 But the rich, in that he is made low: because as the flower of the grass he shall pass away...

by false.

Luke 3:14 And the soldiers likewise demanded of him, saying, And what shall we do? And he said to them, Do violence to no man...

Exodus 20:16 You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.

I restore.

Exodus 22:1-4 If a man shall steal an ox, or a sheep, and kill it, or sell it; he shall restore five oxen for an ox, and four sheep for a sheep...

Leviticus 6:1-6 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying...

1 Samuel 12:3 Behold, here I am: witness against me before the LORD, and before his anointed: whose ox have I taken? or whose donkey have I taken?...

2 Samuel 12:6 And he shall restore the lamb fourfold, because he did this thing, and because he had no pity.

Proverbs 6:31 But if he be found, he shall restore sevenfold; he shall give all the substance of his house.

Cross References
Exodus 22:1
"If a man steals an ox or a sheep, and kills it or sells it, he shall repay five oxen for an ox, and four sheep for a sheep.

Leviticus 6:5
or anything about which he has sworn falsely, he shall restore it in full and shall add a fifth to it, and give it to him to whom it belongs on the day he realizes his guilt.

Numbers 5:7
he shall confess his sin that he has committed. And he shall make full restitution for his wrong, adding a fifth to it and giving it to him to whom he did the wrong.

2 Samuel 12:6
and he shall restore the lamb fourfold, because he did this thing, and because he had no pity."

Ezekiel 33:15
if the wicked restores the pledge, gives back what he has taken by robbery, and walks in the statutes of life, not doing injustice, he shall surely live; he shall not die.

Luke 3:14
Soldiers also asked him, "And we, what shall we do?" And he said to them, "Do not extort money from anyone by threats or by false accusation, and be content with your wages."

Luke 7:13
And when the Lord saw her, he had compassion on her and said to her, "Do not weep."

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Accusation Addressing Amount Anybody Aught Cheated Exacted False. Four Fourfold Goods Half However Money Pay Pledge Poor Property Repay Restore Stood Stopped Times Unjustly Waiting Wrongfully Zacchaeus Zacchae'us Zaccheus
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Accusation Addressing Amount Anybody Aught Cheated Exacted False. Four Fourfold Goods Half However Money Pay Pledge Poor Property Repay Restore Stood Stopped Times Unjustly Waiting Wrongfully Zacchaeus Zacchae'us Zaccheus
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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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