Leviticus 3:12
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
“If his offering is a goat, then he shall offer it before the LORD

King James Bible
And if his offering be a goat, then he shall offer it before the LORD.

American Standard Version
And if his oblation be a goat, then he shall offer it before Jehovah:

Douay-Rheims Bible
If his offering be a goat, and he offer it to the Lord,

English Revised Version
And if his oblation be a goat, then he shall offer it before the LORD:

Webster's Bible Translation
And if his offering shall be a goat, then he shall offer it before the LORD.

Leviticus 3:12 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The same rules apply to the peace-offerings of sheep and goats, except that, in addition to the fat portions, which were to be burned upon the altar in the case of the oxen (Leviticus 3:3, Leviticus 3:4) and goats (Leviticus 3:14, Leviticus 3:15), the fat tail of the sheep was to be consumed as well. תמימה האליה: "the fat tail whole" (Leviticus 3:9), cauda ovilla vel arietina eaque crassa et adiposa; the same in Arabic (Ges. thes. p. 102). The fat tails which the sheep have in Northern Africa and Egypt, also in Arabia, especially Southern Arabia, and Syria, often weigh 15 lbs. or more, and small carriages on wheels are sometimes placed under them to bear their weight (Sonnini, R. ii. p. 358; Bochart, Hieroz. i. pp. 556ff.). It consists of something between marrow and fat. Ordinary sheep are also found in Arabia and Syria; but in modern Palestine all the sheep are "of the broad-tailed species." The broad part of the tail is an excresence of fat, from which the true tail hangs down (Robinson, Pal. ii. 166). "Near the rump-bone shall he (the offerer) take it (the fat tail) away," i.e., separate it from the body. עצם, ἁπ. λεγ., is, according to Saad., os caudae s. coccygis, i.e., the rump or tail-bone, which passes over into the vertebrae of the tail (cf. Bochart, i. pp. 560-1). In Leviticus 3:11 and Leviticus 3:16 the fat portions which were burned are called "food of the firing for Jehovah," or "food of the firing for a sweet savour," i.e., food which served as a firing for Jehovah, or reached Jehovah by being burned; cf. Numbers 28:24, "food of the firing of a sweet savour for Jehovah." Hence not only are the daily burnt-offerings and the burnt and sin-offerings of the different feasts called "food of Jehovah" ("My bread," Numbers 28:2); but the sacrifices generally are described as "the food of God" ("the bread of their God," Leviticus 21:6, Leviticus 21:8, Leviticus 21:17, Leviticus 21:21-22, and Leviticus 22:25), as food, that is, which Israel produced and caused to ascend to its God in fire as a sweet smelling savour. - Nothing is determined here with regard to the appropriation of the flesh of the peace-offerings, as their destination for a sacrificial meal was already known from traditional custom. The more minute directions for the meal itself are given in Leviticus 7:11-36, where the meaning of these sacrifices is more fully explained. - In Leviticus 3:17 (Leviticus 3:16) the general rule is added, "all fat belongs to Jehovah," and the law, "eat neither fat nor blood," is enforced as "an eternal statute" for the generations of Israel (see at Exodus 12:14, Exodus 12:24) in all their dwelling-places (see Exodus 10:23 and Exodus 12:20).

Leviticus 3:12 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

a goat

Leviticus 3:1,7 And if his oblation be a sacrifice of peace offering, if he offer it of the herd; whether it be a male or female...

Leviticus 1:2,6,10 Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them, If any man of you bring an offering to the LORD...

Leviticus 9:3,15 And to the children of Israel you shall speak, saying, Take you a kid of the goats for a sin offering; and a calf and a lamb...

Leviticus 10:16 And Moses diligently sought the goat of the sin offering, and, behold, it was burnt: and he was angry with Eleazar and Ithamar...

Leviticus 22:19-27 You shall offer at your own will a male without blemish, of the beeves, of the sheep, or of the goats...

Isaiah 53:2,6 For he shall grow up before him as a tender plant, and as a root out of a dry ground: he has no form nor comeliness...

Matthew 25:32,33 And before him shall be gathered all nations: and he shall separate them one from another...

Romans 8:3 For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh...

2 Corinthians 5:21 For he has made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.

Cross References
Leviticus 3:13
and lay his hand on its head and kill it in front of the tent of meeting, and the sons of Aaron shall throw its blood against the sides of the altar.

Numbers 15:6
Or for a ram, you shall offer for a grain offering two tenths of an ephah of fine flour mixed with a third of a hin of oil.

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