Leviticus 24:18
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Whoever takes an animal’s life shall make it good, life for life.

King James Bible
And he that killeth a beast shall make it good; beast for beast.

American Standard Version
And he that smiteth a beast mortally shall make it good, life for life.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He that killeth a beast, shall make it good, that is to say, shall give beast for beast.

English Revised Version
and he that smiteth a beast mortally shall make it good: life for life.

Webster's Bible Translation
And he that killeth a beast shall make it good; beast for beast.

Leviticus 24:18 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The account of the Punishment of a Blasphemer is introduced in the midst of the laws, less because "it brings out to view by a clear example the administration of the divine law in Israel, and also introduces and furnishes the reason for several important laws" (Baumgarten), than because the historical occurrence itself took place at the time when the laws relating to sanctification of life before the Lord were given, whilst the punishment denounced against the blasphemer exhibited in a practical form, as a warning to the whole nation, the sanctification of the Lord in the despisers of His name. The circumstances were the following: - The son of an Israelitish woman named Shelomith, the daughter of Dibri, of the tribe of Dan, and of an Egyptian whom the Israelitish woman had married, went out into the midst of the children of Israel, i.e., went out of his tent or place of encampment among the Israelites. As the son of an Egyptian, he belonged to the foreigners who had gone out with Israel (Exodus 12:38), and who probably had their tents somewhere apart from those of the Israelites, who were encamped according to their tribes (Numbers 2:2). Having got into a quarrel with an Israelite, this man scoffed at the name (of Jehovah) and cursed. The cause of the quarrel is not given, and cannot be determined. נקב: to bore, hollow out, then to sting, metaphorically to separate, fix (Genesis 30:28), hence to designate (Numbers 1:17, etc.), and to prick in malam partem, to taunt, i.e., to blaspheme, curse, equals קבב Numbers 23:11, Numbers 23:25, etc. That the word is used here in a bad sense, is evident from the expression "and cursed," and from the whole context of Leviticus 24:15 and Leviticus 24:16. The Jews, on the other hand, have taken the word נקב in this passage from time immemorial in the sense of ἐπονομάζειν (lxx), and founded upon it the well-known law, against even uttering the name Jehovah (see particularly Leviticus 24:16). "The name" κατ ̓ ἐξ. is the name "Jehovah" (cf. Leviticus 24:16), in which God manifested His nature. It was this passage that gave rise to the custom, so prevalent among the Rabbins, of using the expression "name," or "the name," for Dominus, or Deus (see Buxtorf, lex. talmud. pp. 2432ff.). The blasphemer was brought before Moses and then put into confinement, "to determine for them (such blasphemers) according to the mouth (command) of Jehovah." פּרשׁ: to separate, distinguish, then to determine exactly, which is the sense both here and in Numbers 15:34, where it occurs in a similar connection.

Leviticus 24:18 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

that killeth

Leviticus 24:21 And he that kills a beast, he shall restore it: and he that kills a man, he shall be put to death.

Exodus 21:34-36 The owner of the pit shall make it good, and give money to the owner of them; and the dead beast shall be his...

beast for beast [heb] life for life

Cross References
Leviticus 6:4
if he has sinned and has realized his guilt and will restore what he took by robbery or what he got by oppression or the deposit that was committed to him or the lost thing that he found

Leviticus 24:19
If anyone injures his neighbor, as he has done it shall be done to him,

Leviticus 24:21
Whoever kills an animal shall make it good, and whoever kills a person shall be put to death.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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