Lamentations 3:9
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
he has blocked my ways with blocks of stones; he has made my paths crooked.

King James Bible
He hath inclosed my ways with hewn stone, he hath made my paths crooked.

American Standard Version
He hath walled up my ways with hewn stone; he hath made my paths crooked.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Ghimel. He hath shut up my ways with square stones, he hath turned my paths upside down.

English Revised Version
He hath fenced up my ways with hewn stone, he hath made my paths crooked.

Webster's Bible Translation
He hath inclosed my ways with hewn stone, he hath made my paths crooked.

Lamentations 3:9 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

"Only upon (against) me does He repeatedly turn His hand." ישׁוּב is subordinated to the idea of יהפך in an adverbial sense; cf. Gesenius, 142, 3, b. "His hand" is the smiting hand of God. אך, "only upon me," expresses the feeling which makes him on whom grievous sufferings have fallen to regard himself as one smitten in a special manner by God. "The whole day," i.e., continually; cf. Lamentations 1:13. - From Lamentations 3:4 onwards this divine chastisement is more minutely set forth under various figures, and first of all as a wasting away of the vital force. בּלּה means to wear out by rubbing, cause to fall away, from בּלה, to be worn out, which is applied to clothes, and then transferred to bodies, Job 13:28; Psalm 49:15. "Flesh and skin" are the exterior and soft constituents of the body, while the bones are the firmer parts. Skin, flesh, and bones together, make up the substance of the human body. Proverbs 5:11 forms the foundation of the first clause. "He hath broken my bones" is a reminiscence from the lamentation of Hezekiah in Isaiah 38:13; cf. Psalm 51:10; Job 30:17. The meaning is thus excellently given by Pareau: indicantur animi, fortius irae divinae malorumque sensu conquassati, angores. - The figure in Lamentations 3:5, "He builds round about and encircles me," is derived from the enclosing of a city by besieging it. עלי is to be repeated after wayaqeep. The besieging forces, which encompass him so that he cannot go out and in, are ראשׁ וּתלאה. That the former of these two words cannot mean κεφαλήν μου (lxx), is abundantly evident. ראשׁ or רושׁ is a plant with a very bitter taste, hence a poisonous plant; see on Jeremiah 8:14. As in that passage מי ראשׁ, so here the simple ראשׁ is an emblem of bitter suffering. The combination with תּלאה, "toil," is remarkable, as a case in which a figurative is joined with a literal expression; this, however, does not justify the change of תּלאה into לענה (Castell, Schleussner, etc.). The combination is to be explained on the ground that ראשׁ had become so common a symbol of bitter suffering, that the figure was quite lost sight of behind the thing signified.

Lamentations 3:9 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

made

Lamentations 3:11 He has turned aside my ways, and pulled me in pieces: he has made me desolate.

Isaiah 30:28 And his breath, as an overflowing stream, shall reach to the middle of the neck, to sift the nations with the sieve of vanity...

Isaiah 63:17 O LORD, why have you made us to err from your ways, and hardened our heart from your fear? Return for your servants' sake...

Cross References
Job 19:8
He has walled up my way, so that I cannot pass, and he has set darkness upon my paths.

Isaiah 63:17
O LORD, why do you make us wander from your ways and harden our heart, so that we fear you not? Return for the sake of your servants, the tribes of your heritage.

Lamentations 3:10
He is a bear lying in wait for me, a lion in hiding;

Hosea 2:6
Therefore I will hedge up her way with thorns, and I will build a wall against her, so that she cannot find her paths.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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