Lamentations 3:5
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
he has besieged and enveloped me with bitterness and tribulation;

King James Bible
He hath builded against me, and compassed me with gall and travail.

American Standard Version
He hath builded against me, and compassed me with gall and travail.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Beth. He hath built round about me, and he hath compassed me with gall and labour.

English Revised Version
He hath builded against me, and compassed me with gall and travail.

Webster's Bible Translation
He hath built against me, and compassed me with gall and labor.

Lamentations 3:5 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

In Lamentations 2:20 follows the prayer which the city has been commanded to make. The prayer sets before the mind of the Lord the terrible misery under which Jerusalem suffers. The question, "To whom hast Thou acted thus?" does not mean, "What innocent and godly ones are being sacrificed?" (Thenius), but "to what nation?" - not a heathen one, but the people of thy choice, to whom all Thy blessed promises have been given (Ngelsbach). This is clear from the reasons given in the question, in which the murder of the priests and prophets in the sanctuary of the Lord is brought forward. But first there is mentioned a case of inhuman conduct, prompted by necessity, viz., that women, in the extreme destitution of hunger, have been constrained to eat the fruit of their body, their beloved children. אם...אם does not, in this case, introduce a disjunctive question, but merely an indirect question in two parts. In view of such inhuman cruelties and such desecration of His sanctuary, God cannot remain inactive. The meaning of the question is not: estne hoc unquam fando auditum, quod apud nos factum est, or, quod matres fame eo adactae fuerint, ut suos faetus comederent (C. B. Michaelis, Rosenmller). For in this case, not the imperfect, but the perfect, would be used. It is merely asked whether something could happen in a certain way, while it is implied that it has actually occurred already. פּרים has the masc. instead of the fem. suffix, as pretty frequently happens. The fruit of their bodies is meant, as the lxx have rightly rendered; but there is no reason for making this the ground of alterations in the text. The expression "their fruit," indefinite in itself, is immediately rendered definite by עללי טפּחים. The last word is a verbal noun from טפּח (Lamentations 2:22), which again is a denominative from טפח, and means to bear on the hands, to care for tenderly. Both words occur only in this passage. The Israelites, moreover, had been threatened with this inhuman outrage as the most extreme form of divine chastisement, Leviticus 26:26; Deuteronomy 28:56; cf. Jeremiah 19:9. While this abomination is opposed to the moral order of the world instituted by God, the other case (the murder of the priests and prophets in the sanctuary) is a violation of the covenant-order which the Lord had given His people. Neither of these arrangements can God consent to abolish. Therein is implicitly contained the request that He would put an end to the misery into which His people have fallen. This request, however, is not expressly stated; there is merely complaint made to God regarding the terrible misery. From the massacre in the temple, the lamentation passes to the bloodshed on the streets of the city, in which neither age nor sex was spared; cf. Jeremiah 6:11. חוּצות is a local accus., "through the streets," along the streets.

Lamentations 3:5 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

builded

Lamentations 3:7-9 He has hedged me about, that I cannot get out: he has made my chain heavy...

Job 19:8 He has fenced up my way that I cannot pass, and he has set darkness in my paths.

gall

Lamentations 3:19 Remembering my affliction and my misery, the wormwood and the gall.

Psalm 69:21 They gave me also gall for my meat; and in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.

Jeremiah 8:14 Why do we sit still? assemble yourselves, and let us enter into the defended cities, and let us be silent there...

Jeremiah 9:15 Therefore thus said the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Behold, I will feed them, even this people, with wormwood...

Jeremiah 23:15 Therefore thus said the LORD of hosts concerning the prophets; Behold, I will feed them with wormwood...

Cross References
Luke 21:20
"But when you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, then know that its desolation has come near.

Job 19:8
He has walled up my way, so that I cannot pass, and he has set darkness upon my paths.

Jeremiah 23:15
Therefore thus says the LORD of hosts concerning the prophets: "Behold, I will feed them with bitter food and give them poisoned water to drink, for from the prophets of Jerusalem ungodliness has gone out into all the land."

Lamentations 3:19
Remember my affliction and my wanderings, the wormwood and the gall!

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