Lamentations 3:29
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
let him put his mouth in the dust— there may yet be hope;

King James Bible
He putteth his mouth in the dust; if so be there may be hope.

American Standard Version
Let him put his mouth in the dust, if so be there may be hope.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Jod. He shall put his mouth in the dust, if so be there may be hope.

English Revised Version
Let him put his mouth in the dust; if so be there may he hope.

Webster's Bible Translation
He putteth his mouth in the dust; if there may be hope.

Lamentations 3:29 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The view taken of this verse will depend on the answer to the question whether תּזכר is second or third pers. fem. Following in the wake of Luther ("Thou wilt assuredly think thereon"), C. B. Michaelis, Pareau, Rosenmller, and Kalkschmidt take it as second pers.: "Think, yea, think wilt Thou, that my soul is bowed down in me," or "that my soul is at rest within me" (Ngelsbach). But it is impossible to maintain either of these views in the face of the language employed. To take the ו before תּשׁיח in the meaning of quod is characterized by Ngelsbach as an arbitrary procedure, unwarranted either by Genesis 30:27 or Ezekiel 13:11; but neither can the meaning of resting, being at east, which is attributed to שׁוּח or שׁיח by that writer, be established. The verb means to sink down, Proverbs 2:18, and metaphorically, to be bowed down, Psalm 44:26. The latter meaning is required in the present passage, from the simple fact that the sentence undeniably refers to Psalm 42:6.

(Note: Luther's translation, "for my soul tells me," is founded on the circumstance that the lxx have mistaken שׁיח for שׂיח: καταδολεσχήσει ἐπ ̓ ἐμὲ ἡ ψυχή μου.)

ותּשׁיח expresses the consequence of זכר תּזכר, which therefore can only be the third pers., and "my soul" the subject of both clauses; for there is no logical consecution of the meaning given by such a rendering as, "If Thou wilt remember, my soul shall be bowed within me." The expression, "If my soul duly meditates thereon (on the deep suffering), it becomes depressed within me," forms the foundation of the request that God would think of his distress, his misery; and Lamentations 3:21, "I will lay this to heart," connects itself with the leading thought set forth in Lamentations 3:19, the reason for which is given in Lamentations 3:20, viz., that my soul is only bowed down within me over the thought of my distress, and must complain of it to God, that He may think of it and alleviate it: This will I lay to heart and set my hope upon. על־כּן is a strong inferential expression: "therefore," because God alone can help, will I hope. This self-encouragement begins with Lamentations 3:22, inasmuch as the prophet strengthens his hope by a consideration of the infinite compassion of the Lord. (It is) חסדי, "the mercies of God," i.e., proofs of His mercy (cf. Psalm 89:2; Psalm 107:43; Isaiah 63:7), "that we are not utterly consumed," as Luther and similarly our English translators have excellently rendered תּמנוּ. This form stands for תּמּונוּ, as in Jeremiah 44:18; Numbers 17:1-13 :28, not for תּמּוּ, third pers., as Pareau, Thenius, Vaihinger, and Ewald, referring to his Grammar, 84, b, would take it. The proofs of the grace of God have their foundation in His compassion, from which they flow. In Lamentations 3:23 we take חסדי as the subject of חדשׁים; it is the proofs of the grace of God that are new every morning, not "His compassions," although the idea remains the same. לבּקרים, every morning, as in Isaiah 33:2; Psalm 73:14. Ubi sol et dies oritur, simul et radii hujus inexhaustae bonitatis erumpunt (Tarnovius in Rosenmller). The consciousness of this constant renewal of the divine favour impels to the prayerful exclamation, "great is Thy faithfulness;" cf. Psalm 36:6.

Lamentations 3:29 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

putteth

2 Chronicles 33:12 And when he was in affliction, he sought the LORD his God, and humbled himself greatly before the God of his fathers,

Job 40:4 Behold, I am vile; what shall I answer you? I will lay my hand on my mouth.

Job 42:5,6 I have heard of you by the hearing of the ear: but now my eye sees you...

Ezekiel 16:63 That you may remember, and be confounded, and never open your mouth any more because of your shame...

Romans 3:19 Now we know that what things soever the law said, it said to them who are under the law: that every mouth may be stopped...

if

Joel 2:14 Who knows if he will return and repent, and leave a blessing behind him...

Jonah 3:9 Who can tell if God will turn and repent, and turn away from his fierce anger, that we perish not?

Zephaniah 2:3 Seek you the LORD, all you meek of the earth, which have worked his judgment; seek righteousness, seek meekness...

Luke 15:18,19 I will arise and go to my father, and will say to him, Father, I have sinned against heaven, and before you...

Luke 18:13 And the publican, standing afar off, would not lift up so much as his eyes to heaven, but smote on his breast, saying...

Cross References
Job 16:15
I have sewed sackcloth upon my skin and have laid my strength in the dust.

Job 40:4
"Behold, I am of small account; what shall I answer you? I lay my hand on my mouth.

Jeremiah 31:17
There is hope for your future, declares the LORD, and your children shall come back to their own country.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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