Lamentations 3:11
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
he turned aside my steps and tore me to pieces; he has made me desolate;

King James Bible
He hath turned aside my ways, and pulled me in pieces: he hath made me desolate.

American Standard Version
He hath turned aside my ways, and pulled me in pieces; he hath made me desolate.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Daleth. He hath turned aside my paths, and hath broken me in pieces, he hath made me desolate.

English Revised Version
He hath turned aside my ways, and pulled me in pieces; he hath made me desolate.

Webster's Bible Translation
He hath turned aside my ways, and pulled me in pieces: he hath made me desolate.

Lamentations 3:11 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

"Only upon (against) me does He repeatedly turn His hand." ישׁוּב is subordinated to the idea of יהפך in an adverbial sense; cf. Gesenius, 142, 3, b. "His hand" is the smiting hand of God. אך, "only upon me," expresses the feeling which makes him on whom grievous sufferings have fallen to regard himself as one smitten in a special manner by God. "The whole day," i.e., continually; cf. Lamentations 1:13. - From Lamentations 3:4 onwards this divine chastisement is more minutely set forth under various figures, and first of all as a wasting away of the vital force. בּלּה means to wear out by rubbing, cause to fall away, from בּלה, to be worn out, which is applied to clothes, and then transferred to bodies, Job 13:28; Psalm 49:15. "Flesh and skin" are the exterior and soft constituents of the body, while the bones are the firmer parts. Skin, flesh, and bones together, make up the substance of the human body. Proverbs 5:11 forms the foundation of the first clause. "He hath broken my bones" is a reminiscence from the lamentation of Hezekiah in Isaiah 38:13; cf. Psalm 51:10; Job 30:17. The meaning is thus excellently given by Pareau: indicantur animi, fortius irae divinae malorumque sensu conquassati, angores. - The figure in Lamentations 3:5, "He builds round about and encircles me," is derived from the enclosing of a city by besieging it. עלי is to be repeated after wayaqeep. The besieging forces, which encompass him so that he cannot go out and in, are ראשׁ וּתלאה. That the former of these two words cannot mean κεφαλήν μου (lxx), is abundantly evident. ראשׁ or רושׁ is a plant with a very bitter taste, hence a poisonous plant; see on Jeremiah 8:14. As in that passage מי ראשׁ, so here the simple ראשׁ is an emblem of bitter suffering. The combination with תּלאה, "toil," is remarkable, as a case in which a figurative is joined with a literal expression; this, however, does not justify the change of תּלאה into לענה (Castell, Schleussner, etc.). The combination is to be explained on the ground that ראשׁ had become so common a symbol of bitter suffering, that the figure was quite lost sight of behind the thing signified.

Lamentations 3:11 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

pulled

Job 16:12,13 I was at ease, but he has broken me asunder: he has also taken me by my neck, and shaken me to pieces, and set me up for his mark...

Psalm 50:22 Now consider this, you that forget God, lest I tear you in pieces, and there be none to deliver.

Jeremiah 5:6 Why a lion out of the forest shall slay them, and a wolf of the evenings shall spoil them, a leopard shall watch over their cities...

Jeremiah 51:20-22 You are my battle ax and weapons of war: for with you will I break in pieces the nations, and with you will I destroy kingdoms...

Daniel 2:40-44 And the fourth kingdom shall be strong as iron: for as much as iron breaks in pieces and subdues all things...

Daniel 7:23 Thus he said, The fourth beast shall be the fourth kingdom on earth, which shall be diverse from all kingdoms...

Micah 5:8 And the remnant of Jacob shall be among the Gentiles in the middle of many people as a lion among the beasts of the forest...

Hosea 6:1 Come, and let us return to the LORD: for he has torn, and he will heal us; he has smitten, and he will bind us up.

he hath made

Lamentations 1:13 From above has he sent fire into my bones, and it prevails against them: he has spread a net for my feet, he has turned me back...

Job 16:7 But now he has made me weary: you have made desolate all my company.

Isaiah 3:26 And her gates shall lament and mourn; and she being desolate shall sit on the ground.

Jeremiah 6:8 Be you instructed, O Jerusalem, lest my soul depart from you; lest I make you desolate, a land not inhabited.

Jeremiah 9:10,11 For the mountains will I take up a weeping and wailing, and for the habitations of the wilderness a lamentation...

Jeremiah 19:8 And I will make this city desolate, and an hissing...

Jeremiah 32:43 And fields shall be bought in this land, whereof you say, It is desolate without man or beast...

Matthew 23:38 Behold, your house is left to you desolate.

Revelation 18:19 And they cast dust on their heads, and cried, weeping and wailing, saying, Alas, alas that great city...

Cross References
Job 16:12
I was at ease, and he broke me apart; he seized me by the neck and dashed me to pieces; he set me up as his target;

Job 16:13
his archers surround me. He slashes open my kidneys and does not spare; he pours out my gall on the ground.

Psalm 143:4
Therefore my spirit faints within me; my heart within me is appalled.

Jeremiah 15:3
I will appoint over them four kinds of destroyers, declares the LORD: the sword to kill, the dogs to tear, and the birds of the air and the beasts of the earth to devour and destroy.

Lamentations 3:10
He is a bear lying in wait for me, a lion in hiding;

Hosea 6:1
"Come, let us return to the LORD; for he has torn us, that he may heal us; he has struck us down, and he will bind us up.

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