Judges 8:31
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And his concubine who was in Shechem also bore him a son, and he called his name Abimelech.

King James Bible
And his concubine that was in Shechem, she also bare him a son, whose name he called Abimelech.

American Standard Version
And his concubine that was in Shechem, she also bare him a son, and he called his name Abimelech.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And his concubine, that he had in Sichem, bore him a son, whose name was Abimelech.

English Revised Version
And his concubine that was in Shechem, she also bare him a son, and he called his name Abimelech.

Webster's Bible Translation
And his concubine that was in Shechem, she also bore him a son, whose name he called Abimelech.

Judges 8:31 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

This request of Gideon's was cheerfully fulfilled: "They spread out the cloth (brought for collecting the rings), and threw into it every one the ring that he had received as booty." Simlah, the upper garment, was for the most part only a large square piece of cloth. The weight of these golden rings amounted to 1700 shekels, i.e., about 50 lbs., (מן לבד) separate from, i.e., beside, the remaining booty, for which Gideon had not asked, and which the Israelites kept for themselves, viz., the little moons, the ear-pendants (netiphoth, lit. little drops, probably pearl-shaped ear-drops: see Isaiah 3:19), and the purple clothes which were worn by the kings of Midian (i.e., which they had on), and also apart from the neck-bands upon the necks of their camels. Instead of the anakoth or necklaces (Judges 8:26), the saharonim, or little moons upon the necks of the camels, are mentioned in Judges 8:21 as the more valuable portion of these necklaces. Even at the present day the Arabs are accustomed to ornament the necks of these animals "with a band of cloth or leather, upon which small shells called cowries are strung or sewed in the form of a crescent. The sheiks add silver ornaments to these, which make a rich booty in time of war" (Wellsted, Reise, i. p. 209). The Midianitish kings had their camels ornamented with golden crescents. This abundance of golden ornaments will not surprise us, when we consider that the Arabs still carry their luxurious tastes for such things to a very great excess. Wellsted (i. p. 224) states that "the women in Omn spend considerable amounts in the purchase of silver ornaments, and their children are literally laden with them. I have sometimes counted fifteen ear-rings upon each side; and the head, breast, arms, and ankles are adorned with the same profusion." As the Midianitish army consisted of 130,000 men, of whom 15,000 only remained at the commencement of the last engagement, the Israelites may easily have collected 5000 golden rings, or even more, which might weigh 1700 shekels.

Judges 8:31 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

concubine

Judges 9:1-5 And Abimelech the son of Jerubbaal went to Shechem to his mother's brothers, and communed with them...

Genesis 16:15 And Hagar bore Abram a son: and Abram called his son's name, which Hagar bore, Ishmael.

Genesis 22:24 And his concubine, whose name was Reumah, she bore also Tebah, and Gaham, and Thahash, and Maachah.

called. Heb. set. Abimelech

Judges 9:18 And you are risen up against my father's house this day, and have slain his sons, three score and ten persons, on one stone...

Genesis 20:2 And Abraham said of Sarah his wife, She is my sister: and Abimelech king of Gerar sent, and took Sarah.

Cross References
Judges 8:30
Now Gideon had seventy sons, his own offspring, for he had many wives.

Judges 8:32
And Gideon the son of Joash died in a good old age and was buried in the tomb of Joash his father, at Ophrah of the Abiezrites.

Judges 9:1
Now Abimelech the son of Jerubbaal went to Shechem to his mother's relatives and said to them and to the whole clan of his mother's family,

Judges 9:18
and you have risen up against my father's house this day and have killed his sons, seventy men on one stone, and have made Abimelech, the son of his female servant, king over the leaders of Shechem, because he is your relative--

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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