Judges 21:11
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
This is what you shall do: every male and every woman that has lain with a male you shall devote to destruction.”

King James Bible
And this is the thing that ye shall do, Ye shall utterly destroy every male, and every woman that hath lain by man.

American Standard Version
And this is the thing that ye shall do: ye shall utterly destroy every male, and every woman that hath lain by man.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And this is what you shall observe: Every male, and all women that have known men, you shall kill, but the virgins you shall save.

English Revised Version
And this is the thing that ye shall do; ye shall utterly destroy every male, and every woman that hath lain by man.

Webster's Bible Translation
And this is the thing that ye shall do, Ye shall utterly destroy every male, and every woman that hath lain by man.

Judges 21:11 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The congregation then resolved upon a plan, through the execution of which a number of virgins were secured for the Benjaminites. They determined that they would carry out the great oath, which had been uttered when the national assembly was called against such as did not appear, upon that one of the tribes of Israel which had not come to the meeting of the congregation at Mizpeh. The deliberations upon this point were opened (Judges 21:5) with the question, "Who is he who did not come up to the meeting of all the tribes of Israel, to Jehovah?" In explanation of this question, it is observed at Judges 21:5, "For the great oath was uttered upon him that came not up to Jehovah to Mizpeh: he shall be put to death." We learn from this supplementary remark, that when important meetings of the congregation were called, all the members were bound by an oath to appear. The meeting at Mizpeh is the one mentioned in Judges 20:1. The "great oath" consisted in the threat of death in the case of any that were disobedient. To this explanation of the question in Judges 20:5, the further explanation is added in Judges 21:6, Judges 21:7, that the Israelites felt compassion for Benjamin, and wished to avert its entire destruction by procuring wives for such as remained. The word ויּנּחמוּ in Judges 21:6 is attached to the explanatory clause in Judges 21:5, and is to be rendered as a pluperfect: "And the children of Israel had shown themselves compassionate towards their brother Benjamin, and said, A tribe is cut off from Israel to-day; what shall we do to them, to those that remain with regard to wives, as we have sworn?" etc. (compare Judges 21:1). The two thoughts, - (1) the oath that those who had not come to Mizpeh should be punished with death (Judges 21:5), and (2) anxiety for the preservation of this tribe which sprang from compassion towards Benjamin, and was shown in their endeavour to provide such as remained with wives, without violating the oath that none of them would give them their own daughters as wives, - formed the two factors which determined the course to be adopted by the congregation. After the statement of these two circumstances, the question of Judges 21:5, "Who is the one (only one) of the tribes of Israel which," etc., is resumed and answered: "Behold, there came no one into the camp from Jabesh in Gilead, into the assembly." שׁבטי is used in Judges 21:8, Judges 21:5, in a more general sense, as denoting not merely the tribes as such, but the several subdivisions of the tribes.

Judges 21:11 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

every male

Numbers 31:17,18 Now therefore kill every male among the little ones, and kill every woman that has known man by lying with him...

Deuteronomy 2:34 And we took all his cities at that time, and utterly destroyed the men, and the women, and the little ones, of every city...

hath lain by man [heb] knoweth the lying with man.

Cross References
Numbers 31:7
They warred against Midian, as the LORD commanded Moses, and killed every male.

Numbers 31:17
Now therefore, kill every male among the little ones, and kill every woman who has known man by lying with him.

Judges 21:12
And they found among the inhabitants of Jabesh-gilead 400 young virgins who had not known a man by lying with him, and they brought them to the camp at Shiloh, which is in the land of Canaan.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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