Joshua 20:7
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
So they set apart Kedesh in Galilee in the hill country of Naphtali, and Shechem in the hill country of Ephraim, and Kiriath-arba (that is, Hebron) in the hill country of Judah.

King James Bible
And they appointed Kedesh in Galilee in mount Naphtali, and Shechem in mount Ephraim, and Kirjatharba, which is Hebron, in the mountain of Judah.

American Standard Version
And they set apart Kedesh in Galilee in the hill-country of Naphtali, and Shechem in the hill-country of Ephraim, and Kiriath-arba (the same is Hebron) in the hill-country of Judah.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And they appointed Cedes in Galilee of mount Nephtali, and Sichem in mount Ephraim, and Cariath-Arbe, the same is Hebron in the mountain of Juda.

English Revised Version
And they set apart Kedesh in Galilee in the hill country of Naphtali, and Shechem in the hill country of Ephraim, and Kiriath-arba (the same is Hebron) in the hill country of Judah.

Webster's Bible Translation
And they appointed Kedesh in Galilee in mount Naphtali, and Shechem in mount Ephraim, and Kirjath-arba, (which is Hebron) in the mountain of Judah.

Joshua 20:7 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

After the distribution of the land by lot among the tribes of Israel, six towns were set apart, in accordance with the Mosaic instructions in Numbers 35, as places of refuge for unintentional manslayers. Before describing the appointment and setting apart of these towns, the writer repeats in Joshua 20:1-6 the main points of the Mosaic law contained in Numbers 35:9-29 and Deuteronomy 19:1-13, with reference to the reception of the manslayers into these towns. לכם תּנוּ, "give to you," i.e., appoint for yourselves, "cities of refuge," etc. In Joshua 20:6, the two regulations, "until he stand before the congregation for judgment," and "until the death of the high priest," are to be understood, in accordance with the clear explanation given in Numbers 35:24-25, as meaning that the manslayer was to live in the town till the congregation had pronounced judgment upon the matter, and either given him up to the avenger of blood as a wilful murderer, or taken him back to the city of refuge as an unintentional manslayer, in which case he was to remain there till the death of the existing high priest. For further particulars, see at Numbers 35.

Joshua 20:7 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

appointed [heb] sanctified
Kedesh Jedesh, called Cadesa, or Caidesa, by Josephus, was situated in Upper Galilee, twenty miles south-east from Tyre, according to Eusebius. The cities of refuge were distributed through the land at proper distances from each other, that they might be convenient to every part of the land; and it is said they were situated on eminences, that they might be easily seem at a distance; the roads leading to them being broad, even, and always kept in good repair.

Kedesh and Hebron were at the two extremities of the land, the former being in Galilee, and the latter in Judah, both in mountainous districts, and Shechem was in mount Ephraim, nearly in the centre. Bezer was east of Jordan, in the eastern part of the plain opposite Jericho; Ramoth was about the midst of the country of the two tribes and a half, being about the middle of the mountains of Gilead; and Golan, the capital of Gaulonitis, was situated in the tribe of Manasseh, in the land of Bashan. As this institution is considered as a type of Christ, some expositors observe a significance in the names of these cities with application to Him as OUR REFUGE.

Kedesh signifies holy, and our refuge is the holy Jesus. Shechem, a shoulder, and the government is upon his shoulder.' Hebron, fellowship, and believers are called into the fellowship of Christ Jesus out Lord. Bezer, a fortification, for he is a strong hold to all them that trust in him. Ramoth, high, or exalted, for him hath God exalted with his own right hand. Golan, joy, or exultation, for in him all the saints are justified, and shall glory.

Joshua 21:32 And out of the tribe of Naphtali, Kedesh in Galilee with her suburbs, to be a city of refuge for the slayer...

1 Chronicles 6:76 And out of the tribe of Naphtali; Kedesh in Galilee with her suburbs, and Hammon with her suburbs, and Kirjathaim with her suburbs.

Shechem

Joshua 21:21 For they gave them Shechem with her suburbs in mount Ephraim, to be a city of refuge for the slayer; and Gezer with her suburbs,

Genesis 33:18,19 And Jacob came to Shalem, a city of Shechem, which is in the land of Canaan, when he came from Padanaram...

2 Chronicles 10:1 And Rehoboam went to Shechem: for to Shechem were all Israel come to make him king.

Kirjath-arba

Joshua 14:15 And the name of Hebron before was Kirjatharba; which Arba was a great man among the Anakims. And the land had rest from war.

Joshua 21:11,13 And they gave them the city of Arba the father of Anak, which city is Hebron, in the hill country of Judah...

mountain

Luke 1:39 And Mary arose in those days, and went into the hill country with haste, into a city of Juda;

Cross References
Luke 1:39
In those days Mary arose and went with haste into the hill country, to a town in Judah,

Genesis 23:2
And Sarah died at Kiriath-arba (that is, Hebron) in the land of Canaan, and Abraham went in to mourn for Sarah and to weep for her.

Numbers 35:6
"The cities that you give to the Levites shall be the six cities of refuge, where you shall permit the manslayer to flee, and in addition to them you shall give forty-two cities.

Deuteronomy 4:41
Then Moses set apart three cities in the east beyond the Jordan,

Deuteronomy 19:9
provided you are careful to keep all this commandment, which I command you today, by loving the LORD your God and by walking ever in his ways--then you shall add three other cities to these three,

Joshua 12:22
the king of Kedesh, one; the king of Jokneam in Carmel, one;

Joshua 20:8
And beyond the Jordan east of Jericho, they appointed Bezer in the wilderness on the tableland, from the tribe of Reuben, and Ramoth in Gilead, from the tribe of Gad, and Golan in Bashan, from the tribe of Manasseh.

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Apart Appointed Arba Country Ephraim E'phraim Hallowed Hebron Hill Hill-Country Judah Kedesh Kiriath Kiriath-Arba Kir'iath-Ar'ba Kirjatharba Kirjath-Arba Mount Mountain Naphtali Naph'tali Sanctify Selection Shechem
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Apart Appointed Arba Country Ephraim E'phraim Hallowed Hebron Hill Hill-Country Judah Kedesh Kiriath Kiriath-Arba Kir'iath-Ar'ba Kirjatharba Kirjath-Arba Mount Mountain Naphtali Naph'tali Sanctify Selection Shechem
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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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