John 3:20
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
For everyone who does wicked things hates the light and does not come to the light, lest his works should be exposed.

King James Bible
For every one that doeth evil hateth the light, neither cometh to the light, lest his deeds should be reproved.

American Standard Version
For every one that doeth evil hateth the light, and cometh not to the light, lest his works should be reproved.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For every one that doth evil hateth the light, and cometh not to the light, that his works may not be reproved.

English Revised Version
For every one that doeth ill hateth the light, and cometh not to the light, lest his works should be reproved.

Webster's Bible Translation
For every one that doeth evil hateth the light, neither cometh to the light, lest his deeds should be reproved.

Weymouth New Testament
For every wrongdoer hates the light, and does not come to the light, for fear his actions should be exposed and condemned.

John 3:20 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Doeth (πράσσων)

The present participle, indicating habit and general tendency.

Evil (φαῦλα)

Rev., ill. A different word from that in the previous verse. Originally, light, paltry, trivial, and so worthless. Evil, therefore, considered on the side of worthlessness. See on James 3:16.

Lest his works should be reproved (ἵνα μὴ ἐλεγχθῇ τὰ ἔργα αὐτοῦ).

Rather, in order that his works may not be reproved. Ελέγχω, rendered reprove, has several phases of meaning. In earlier classical Greek it signifies to disgrace or put to shame. Thus Ulysses, having succeeded in the trial of the bow, says to Telemachus, "the stranger who sits in thy halls disgraces (ἐλέγχει) thee not" ("Odyssey, xxi., 424). Then, to cross-examine or question, for the purpose of convincing, convicting, or refuting; to censure, accuse. So Herodotus: "In his reply Alexander became confused, and diverged from the truth, whereon the slaves interposed, confuted his statements (ἤλεγχον, cross-questioned and caught him in falsehood), and told the whole history of the crime" (i., 115). The messenger in the "Antigone" of Sophocles, describing the consternation of the watchmen at finding Polynices' body buried, says: "Evil words were bandied among them, guard accusing (ἐλέγχων) guard" (260). Of arguments, to bring to the proof; prove; prove by a chain of reasoning. It occurs in Pindar in the general sense of to conquer or surpass. "Having descended into the naked race they surpassed (ἤλεγξαν) the Grecian band in speed ("Pythia," xi., 75).

In the New Testament it is found in the sense of reprove (Luke 3:19; 1 Timothy 5:20, etc.). Convince of crime or fault (1 Corinthians 14:24; James 2:9). To bring to light or expose by conviction (James 5:20; Ephesians 5:11, Ephesians 5:13; John 8:46; see on that passage). So of the exposure of false teachers, and their refutation (Titus 1:9, Titus 1:13; Titus 2:15). To test and expose with a view to correction, and so, nearly equivalent to chasten (Hebrews 12:5). The different meanings unite in the word convict. Conviction is the result of examination, testing, argument. The test exposes and demonstrates the error, and refutes it, thus convincing, convicting, and rebuking the subject of it. This conviction issues in chastening, by which the error is corrected and the erring one purified. If the conviction is rejected, it carries with it condemnation and punishment. The man is thus convicted of sin, of right, and of judgment (John 16:8). In this passage the evil-doer is represented as avoiding the light which tests, that light which is the offspring of love (Revelation 3:19) and the consequent exposure of his error. Compare Ephesians 5:13; John 1:9-11. This idea of loving darkness rather than light is graphically treated in Job 24 and runs through Job 24:13-17.

John 3:20 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

every.

John 7:7 The world cannot hate you; but me it hates, because I testify of it, that the works thereof are evil.

1 Kings 22:8 And the king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, There is yet one man, Micaiah the son of Imlah, by whom we may inquire of the LORD...

Job 24:13-17 They are of those that rebel against the light; they know not the ways thereof, nor abide in the paths thereof...

Psalm 50:17 Seeing you hate instruction, and casts my words behind you.

Proverbs 1:29 For that they hated knowledge, and did not choose the fear of the LORD:

Proverbs 4:18 But the path of the just is as the shining light, that shines more and more to the perfect day.

Proverbs 5:12 And say, How have I hated instruction, and my heart despised reproof;

Proverbs 15:12 A scorner loves not one that reproves him: neither will he go to the wise.

Amos 5:10,11 They hate him that rebukes in the gate, and they abhor him that speaks uprightly...

Luke 11:45 Then answered one of the lawyers, and said to him, Master, thus saying you reproach us also.

James 1:23-25 For if any be a hearer of the word, and not a doer, he is like to a man beholding his natural face in a glass...

reproved. or, discovered.

Ephesians 5:12,13 For it is a shame even to speak of those things which are done of them in secret...

Cross References
Job 24:16
In the dark they dig through houses; by day they shut themselves up; they do not know the light.

Proverbs 2:13
who forsake the paths of uprightness to walk in the ways of darkness,

Jeremiah 9:6
Heaping oppression upon oppression, and deceit upon deceit, they refuse to know me, declares the LORD.

John 3:21
But whoever does what is true comes to the light, so that it may be clearly seen that his works have been carried out in God."

Ephesians 5:11
Take no part in the unfruitful works of darkness, but instead expose them.

Ephesians 5:13
But when anything is exposed by the light, it becomes visible,

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