John 19:40
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
So they took the body of Jesus and bound it in linen cloths with the spices, as is the burial custom of the Jews.

King James Bible
Then took they the body of Jesus, and wound it in linen clothes with the spices, as the manner of the Jews is to bury.

American Standard Version
So they took the body of Jesus, and bound it in linen cloths with the spices, as the custom of the Jews is to bury.

Douay-Rheims Bible
They took therefore the body of Jesus, and bound it in linen cloths, with the spices, as the manner of the Jews is to bury.

English Revised Version
So they took the body of Jesus, and bound it in linen cloths with the spices, as the custom of the Jews is to bury.

Webster's Bible Translation
Then they took the body of Jesus, and wound it in linen cloths, with the spices, as the manner of the Jews is to bury.

Weymouth New Testament
Taking down the body they wrapped it in linen cloths along with the spices, in accordance with the Jewish mode of preparing for burial.

John 19:40 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Linen cloths (ὀθονίοις)

Used only by John, if Luke 24:12 is rejected, as by some editors. The Synoptists all have σινδών, linen cloth. See on Mark 14:51. Matthew and Luke have ἐντύλιξεν, rolled or wrapped, and Mark ἐνείλησεν, wound, instead of John's ἔδησαν bound.

With the spices

Spread over the sheet or bandages in which the body was wrapped.

The manner of the Jews

As contrasted with that of the Egyptians, for instance, which is thus described by Herodotus: "They take first a crooked piece of iron, and with it draw out the brains through the nostrils, thus getting rid of a portion, while the skull is cleared of the rest by rinsing with drugs; next they make a cut along the flank with a sharp Ethiopian stone, and take out the whole contents of the abdomen, which they then cleanse, washing it thoroughly with palm-wine, and again, frequently with an infusion of pounded aromatics. After this they fill the cavity with the purest bruised myrrh, with cassia, and every other sort of spicery except frankincense, and sew up the opening. Then the body is placed in natrum (subcarbonate of soda) for seventy days, and covered entirely over. After the expiration of that space of time, which must not be exceeded, the body is washed, and wrapped round, from head to foot, with bandages of fine linen cloth, smeared over with gum" (ii., 86). Or, possibly, a contrast may be implied with the Roman custom of burning the bodies of the dead. Tacitus says of the Jews: "The bodies of the deceased they choose rather to bury than burn, following in this the Egyptian custom; with whom also they agree in their attention to the dead" ("History," v., 5).

To bury (ἐνταφιάζειν)

Properly, to prepare for burial. See on John 12:7. Compare Septuagint, Genesis 1:2, where the same word is used for embalming the body of Joseph.

John 19:40 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

wound.

John 11:44 And he that was dead came forth, bound hand and foot with grave clothes: and his face was bound about with a napkin. Jesus said to them...

John 20:5-7 And he stooping down, and looking in, saw the linen clothes lying; yet went he not in...

Acts 5:6 And the young men arose, wound him up, and carried him out, and buried him.

Cross References
Genesis 50:2
And Joseph commanded his servants the physicians to embalm his father. So the physicians embalmed Israel.

2 Chronicles 16:14
They buried him in the tomb that he had cut for himself in the city of David. They laid him on a bier that had been filled with various kinds of spices prepared by the perfumer's art, and they made a very great fire in his honor.

Matthew 26:12
In pouring this ointment on my body, she has done it to prepare me for burial.

Mark 14:8
She has done what she could; she has anointed my body beforehand for burial.

Luke 24:12
But Peter rose and ran to the tomb; stooping and looking in, he saw the linen cloths by themselves; and he went home marveling at what had happened.

John 11:44
The man who had died came out, his hands and feet bound with linen strips, and his face wrapped with a cloth. Jesus said to them, "Unbind him, and let him go."

John 12:7
Jesus said, "Leave her alone, so that she may keep it for the day of my burial.

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Accordance Body Bound Burial Bury Clothes Cloths Custom Customs Dead Folding Jesus Jewish Jews Linen Manner Mode Prepare Preparing Rest Spices Strips Way Wound Wrapped Wrappings
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Accordance Body Bound Burial Bury Clothes Cloths Custom Customs Dead Folding Jesus Jewish Jews Linen Manner Mode Prepare Preparing Rest Spices Strips Way Wound Wrapped Wrappings
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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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