John 19:34
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
But one of the soldiers pierced his side with a spear, and at once there came out blood and water.

King James Bible
But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and forthwith came there out blood and water.

American Standard Version
howbeit one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and straightway there came out blood and water.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But one of the soldiers with a spear opened his side, and immediately there came out blood and water.

English Revised Version
howbeit one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and straightway there came out blood and water.

Webster's Bible Translation
But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and forthwith came out blood and water.

Weymouth New Testament
One of the soldiers, however, made a thrust at His side with a lance, and immediately blood and water flowed out.

John 19:34 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

With a spear (λόγχῃ)

Only here in the New Testament. Properly, the head of a spear. So Herodotus, of the Arabians: "They also had spears (αἰχμὰς) tipped with an antelope's horn sharpened like a spear-point (λόγχης)" (vii., 96). Used also, as here, for the spear itself.

Pierced (ἔνυξεν)

Only here in the New Testament. The question has been raised whether the Evangelist means to describe a gash or a prick. Another verb is rendered pierced in John 19:37, the quotation from Zechariah 12:10, ἐξεκέντησαν, which occurs also at Revelation 1:7, with reference to Christ's crucifixion, and is used in classical Greek of putting out the eyes, or stabbing, and in the Septuagint of Saul's request to his armor-bearer: "Draw thy sword and thrust me through therewith" (1 Chronicles 10:4). The verb used here, however, νύσσω, is also used to describe severe and deadly wounds, as in Homer:

"As he sprang

Into his car, Idomeneus, expert

To wield the ponderous javelin, thrust (νύξ) its blade

Through his right shoulder. From the car he fell,

And the dark night of death came over him."

"Iliad," v. 45-47.

It has been suggested that the body was merely pricked with the spear to ascertain if it were yet alive. There seems, on the whole, no reason for departing from the ordinary understanding of the narrative, that the soldier inflicted a deep thrust on the side of Jesus (compare John 20:25, John 20:27); nor is it quite apparent why, as Mr. Field urges, a distinction should be kept up between the two verbs in John 19:34 and John 19:37.

Blood and water

It has been argued very plausibly that this was a natural phenomenon, the result of a rupture of the heart which, it is assumed, was the immediate cause of death, and which was followed by an effusion of blood into the pericardium. This blood, separated into its thicker and more liquid parts, flowed forth when the pericardium was pierced by the spear. I think, however, with Meyer, that John evidently intends to describe the incident as something entirely unexpected and marvelous, and that this explanation better suits the solemn asseveration of John 19:35. That the fact had a symbolic meaning to the Evangelist is evident from 1 John 5:6.

John 19:34 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

came.

John 13:8-10 Peter said to him, You shall never wash my feet. Jesus answered him, If I wash you not, you have no part with me...

Psalm 51:7 Purge me with hyssop, and I shall be clean: wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow.

Ezekiel 36:25 Then will I sprinkle clean water on you, and you shall be clean: from all your filthiness, and from all your idols, will I cleanse you.

Zechariah 13:1 In that day there shall be a fountain opened to the house of David and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem for sin and for uncleanness.

Matthew 27:62 Now the next day, that followed the day of the preparation, the chief priests and Pharisees came together to Pilate,

Acts 22:16 And now why tarry you? arise, and be baptized, and wash away your sins, calling on the name of the Lord.

1 Corinthians 1:30 But of him are you in Christ Jesus, who of God is made to us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption:

1 Corinthians 6:11 And such were some of you: but you are washed, but you are sanctified, but you are justified in the name of the Lord Jesus...

Ephesians 5:26 That he might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the word,

Titus 2:14 Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify to himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works.

Titus 3:5-7 Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration...

Hebrews 9:13,22 For if the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of an heifer sprinkling the unclean, sanctifies to the purifying of the flesh...

Hebrews 10:19-22 Having therefore, brothers, boldness to enter into the holiest by the blood of Jesus...

1 Peter 3:21 The like figure whereunto even baptism does also now save us (not the putting away of the filth of the flesh...

1 John 1:6-9 If we say that we have fellowship with him, and walk in darkness, we lie, and do not the truth...

1 John 5:6,8 This is he that came by water and blood, even Jesus Christ; not by water only, but by water and blood...

Revelation 1:5 And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, and the first begotten of the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth...

Revelation 7:14 And I said to him, Sir, you know. And he said to me, These are they which came out of great tribulation, and have washed their robes...

Cross References
John 19:33
But when they came to Jesus and saw that he was already dead, they did not break his legs.

John 20:20
When he had said this, he showed them his hands and his side. Then the disciples were glad when they saw the Lord.

1 John 5:6
This is he who came by water and blood--Jesus Christ; not by the water only but by the water and the blood. And the Spirit is the one who testifies, because the Spirit is the truth.

1 John 5:8
the Spirit and the water and the blood; and these three agree.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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