John 1:19
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And this is the testimony of John, when the Jews sent priests and Levites from Jerusalem to ask him, “Who are you?”

King James Bible
And this is the record of John, when the Jews sent priests and Levites from Jerusalem to ask him, Who art thou?

American Standard Version
And this is the witness of John, when the Jews sent unto him from Jerusalem priests and Levites to ask him, Who art thou?

Douay-Rheims Bible
And this is the testimony of John, when the Jews sent from Jerusalem priests and Levites to him, to ask him: Who art thou?

English Revised Version
And this is the witness of John, when the Jews sent unto him from Jerusalem priests and Levites to ask him, Who art thou?

Webster's Bible Translation
And this is the testimony of John, when the Jews sent priests and Levites from Jerusalem, to ask him, Who art thou?

Weymouth New Testament
This also is John's testimony, when the Jews sent to him a deputation of Priests and Levites from Jerusalem to ask him who he was.

John 1:19 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

This (αὕτη)

The following. This use of the pronoun, calling the reader's attention to what follows, and preparing him for it, is frequent in John. Sometimes the pronoun carries the sense of quality: of this character. See John 3:19; John 15:12; 1 John 5:4, 1 John 5:9, 1 John 5:11, 1 John 5:14.

Witness (μαρτυρία)

Testimony. See on John 1:7, and 1 Peter 5:1.

John

See on John 1:6. Note the article: the John previously mentioned.

The Jews (οἱ Ἱοὐδαῖοι)

This is a characteristic word in John. It occurs more than fifty times in his Gospel as his own expression, while there are six instances of the formula King of the Jews used by Gentiles. In the Synoptic Gospels, on the other hand, to twelve instances of King of the Jews, there are but four passages in which the word Jews occurs. In Paul's writings it is comparatively rare, mostly in contrast with Greek, and both in contrast with Christianity. In Revelation it is found twice (Revelation 2:9; Revelation 3:9), of those who say they are Jews and are not, but are "of the synagogue of Satan" and "do lie."

John, in the Gospel, distinguishes between the multitude (ὁ ὄχλος) and the Jews (Ἱουδαῖοι). By the former he means the aggregate of the Jewish inhabitants of Palestine, the mass of the people, chiefly Galilaeans; by the latter, more particularly Judaeans, the leaders of Judaism in opposition to Jesus. The multitude are unsettled in conviction, inquisitive, despised by the Pharisees, inclined to listen to Jesus and to believe; moved by an impulse to make Him a king, escorting Him triumphantly into Jerusalem, and not appearing in the narrative of the trial and crucifixion. The Jews are tenacious of the expectation of a national Messiah. They represent the narrow, sectarian aspect of Judaism; they are the instigators and leaders of the opposition to Jesus, and to them His crucifixion is attributed. John uses the word where the other Evangelists speak of the opposers of Christ as Pharisees, Sadducees, elders, chief-priests, scribes, or lawyers. He recognizes the distinction between Pharisee and Sadducee, and though he does not mention the latter by name, he characterizes them by their position. Jesus is the key to the sense in which John employs the term Jews. He regards them in their relation to Him. The idea underlying the word is habitually that of separation from the character and privileges of a true Israelite through their rejection of Jesus.

Sent (ἀπέστειλαν)

As a deputation. See on John 1:6.

Priests and Levites

Representing the ecclesiastical element of the nation; the two classes employed in the temple service. See Joshua 3:3; 2 Chronicles 30:27; Ezekiel 44:15. The combination occurs nowhere else in the New Testament. These deputies probably came from the Sanhedrim.

To ask (ἵνα ἐρωτήσωσιν)

continued...

John 1:19 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

when.

John 5:33-36 You sent to John, and he bore witness to the truth...

Deuteronomy 17:9-11 And you shall come to the priests the Levites, and to the judge that shall be in those days, and inquire...

Deuteronomy 24:8 Take heed in the plague of leprosy, that you observe diligently, and do according to all that the priests the Levites shall teach you...

Matthew 21:23-32 And when he was come into the temple, the chief priests and the elders of the people came to him as he was teaching, and said...

Luke 3:15-18 And as the people were in expectation, and all men mused in their hearts of John, whether he were the Christ, or not...

Who.

John 10:24 Then came the Jews round about him, and said to him, How long do you make us to doubt? If you be the Christ, tell us plainly.

Acts 13:25 And as John fulfilled his course, he said, Whom think you that I am? I am not he. But, behold, there comes one after me...

Acts 19:4 Then said Paul, John truly baptized with the baptism of repentance, saying to the people...

Cross References
John 1:7
He came as a witness, to bear witness about the light, that all might believe through him.

John 2:18
So the Jews said to him, "What sign do you show us for doing these things?"

John 2:20
The Jews then said, "It has taken forty-six years to build this temple, and will you raise it up in three days?"

John 5:10
So the Jews said to the man who had been healed, "It is the Sabbath, and it is not lawful for you to take up your bed."

John 5:15
The man went away and told the Jews that it was Jesus who had healed him.

John 5:16
And this was why the Jews were persecuting Jesus, because he was doing these things on the Sabbath.

John 5:18
This was why the Jews were seeking all the more to kill him, because not only was he breaking the Sabbath, but he was even calling God his own Father, making himself equal with God.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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