Job 5:5
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The hungry eat his harvest, and he takes it even out of thorns, and the thirsty pant after his wealth.

King James Bible
Whose harvest the hungry eateth up, and taketh it even out of the thorns, and the robber swalloweth up their substance.

American Standard Version
Whose harvest the hungry eateth up, And taketh it even out of the thorns; And the snare gapeth for their substance.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Whose harvest the hungry shall eat, and the armed man shall take him by violence, and the thirsty shall drink up his riches.

English Revised Version
Whose harvest the hungry eateth up, and taketh it even out of the thorns, and the snare gapeth for their substance.

Webster's Bible Translation
Whose harvest the hungry eateth up, and taketh it even out of the thorns, and the robber swalloweth up their substance.

Job 5:5 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

אף signifies, like כּי אף, quanto minus, or quanto magis, according as a negative or positive sentence precedes: since Job 4:18 is positive, we translate it here quanto magis, as 2 Samuel 16:11. Men are called dwellers in clay houses: the house of clay is their φθαρτὸν σῶμα, as being taken de limo terrae (Job 33:6; comp. Wis. 9:15); it is a fragile habitation, formed of inferior materials, and destined to destruction. The explanation which follows - those whose יסוד, i.e., foundation of existence, is in dust - shows still more clearly that the poet has Genesis 2:7; Genesis 3:19, in his mind. It crushes them (subject, everything that operates destructively on the life of man) לפני־עשׁ, i.e., not: sooner than the moth is crushed (Hahn), or more rapidly than a moth destroys (Oehler, Fries), or even appointed to the moth for destruction (Schlottm.); but לפני signifies, as Job 3:24 (cf. 1 Samuel 1:16), ad instar: as easily as a moth is crushed. They last only from morning until evening: they are broken in pieces (הכּת, from כּתת, for הוּכת); they are therefore as ephemerae. They perish for ever, without any one taking it to heart (suppl. על־לב, Isaiah 42:25; Isaiah 57:1), or directing the heart towards it, animum advertit (suppl. לב, Job 1:8).

In Job 4:21 the soul is compared to the cord of a tent, which stretches out and holds up the body as a tent, like Ecclesiastes 12:6, with a silver cord, which holds the lamp hanging from the covering of the tent. Olshausen is inclined to read יתדם, their tent-pole, instead of יתרם, and at any rate thinks the accompanying בּם superfluous and awkward. But (1) the comparison used here of the soul, and of the life sustained by it, corresponds to its comparison elsewhere with a thread or weft, of which death is the cutting through or loosing (Job 6:9; Job 27:8; Isaiah 38:12); (12) בּם is neither superfluous nor awkward, since it is intended to say, that their duration of life falls in all at once like a tent when that which in them (בם) corresponds to the cord of a tent (i.e., the נפשׁ) is drawn away from it. The relation of the members of the sentence in Job 4:21 is just the same as in Job 4:2 : Will they not die when it is torn away, etc. They then die off in lack of wisdom, i.e., without having acted in accordance with the perishableness of their nature and their distance from God; therefore, rightly considered: unprepared and suddenly, comp. Job 36:12; Proverbs 5:23. Oehler, correctly: without having been made wiser by the afflictions of God. The utterance of the Spirit, the compass of which is unmistakeably manifest by the strophic division, ends here. Eliphaz now, with reference to it, turns to Job.

Job 5:5 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

harvest.

Deuteronomy 28:33,51 The fruit of your land, and all your labors, shall a nation which you know not eat up...

Judges 6:3-6 And so it was, when Israel had sown, that the Midianites came up, and the Amalekites, and the children of the east...

Isaiah 62:8 The LORD has sworn by his right hand, and by the arm of his strength, Surely I will no more give your corn to be meat for your enemies...

the thorns.

Judges 6:11 And there came an angel of the LORD, and sat under an oak which was in Ophrah, that pertained to Joash the Abiezrite...

2 Chronicles 33:11 Why the LORD brought on them the captains of the host of the king of Assyria, which took Manasseh among the thorns...

the robber.

Job 1:15,17 And the Sabeans fell on them, and took them away; yes, they have slain the servants with the edge of the sword...

Job 12:6 The tabernacles of robbers prosper, and they that provoke God are secure; into whose hand God brings abundantly.

Job 18:9 The gin shall take him by the heel, and the robber shall prevail against him.

Hosea 8:7 For they have sown the wind, and they shall reap the whirlwind: it has no stalk; the bud shall yield no meal: if so be it yield...

swalloweth.

Job 2:3 And the LORD said to Satan, Have you considered my servant Job, that there is none like him in the earth, a perfect and an upright man...

Job 20:15 He has swallowed down riches, and he shall vomit them up again: God shall cast them out of his belly.

Jeremiah 51:34,44 Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon has devoured me, he has crushed me, he has made me an empty vessel...

Lamentations 2:5,16 The LORD was as an enemy: he has swallowed up Israel, he has swallowed up all her palaces: he has destroyed his strong holds...

Cross References
Job 18:8
For he is cast into a net by his own feet, and he walks on its mesh.

Job 20:22
In the fullness of his sufficiency he will be in distress; the hand of everyone in misery will come against him.

Job 22:10
Therefore snares are all around you, and sudden terror overwhelms you,

Psalm 109:11
May the creditor seize all that he has; may strangers plunder the fruits of his toil!

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