Job 5:11
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
he sets on high those who are lowly, and those who mourn are lifted to safety.

King James Bible
To set up on high those that be low; that those which mourn may be exalted to safety.

American Standard Version
So that he setteth up on high those that are low, And those that mourn are exalted to safety.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Who setteth up the humble on high, and comforteth with health those that mourn.

English Revised Version
So that he setteth up on high those that be low; and those which mourn are exalted to safety.

Webster's Bible Translation
To set on high those that are low: that those who mourn may be exalted to safety.

Job 5:11 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

1 Call now, - is there any one who will answer thee?

And to whom of the holy ones wilt thou turn?

2 For he is a fool who is destroyed by complaining,

And envy slays the simple one.

3 I, even I, have seen a fool taking root:

Then I had to curse his habitation suddenly.

4 His children were far from help,

And were crushed in the gate, without a rescuer;

5 While the hungry ate his harvest,

And even from among thorns they took it away,

And the intriguer snatched after his wealth.

The chief thought of the oracle was that God is the absolutely just One, and infinitely exalted above men and angels. Resuming his speech from this point, Eliphaz tells Job that no cry for help can avail him unless he submits to the all-just One as being himself unrighteous; nor can any cry addressed to the angels avail. This thought, although it is rejected, certainly shows that the writer of the book, as of the prologue, is impressed with the fundamental intuition, that good, like evil, spirits are implicated in the affairs of men; for the "holy ones," as in Psalm 89, are the angels. כּי supports the negation implied in Job 5:1 : If God does not help thee, no creature can help thee; for he who complains and chafes at his lot brings down upon himself the extremest destruction, since he excites the anger of God still more. Such a surly murmurer against God is here called אויל. ל is the Aramaic sign of the object, having the force of quod attinet ad, quoad (Ew. 310, a).

Eliphaz justifies what he has said (Job 5:2) by an example. He had seen such a complainer in increasing prosperity; then he cursed his habitation suddenly, i.e., not: he uttered forthwith a prophetic curse over it, which, though פּתאם might have this meaning (not subito, but illico; cf. Numbers 12:4), the following futt., equivalent to imperff., do not allow, but: I had then, since his discontent had brought on his destruction, suddenly to mark and abhor his habitation as one overtaken by a curse: the cursing is a recognition of the divine curse, as the echo of which it is intended. This curse of God manifests itself also on his children and his property (Job 5:4.). שׁער is the gate of the city as a court of justice: the phrase, to oppress in the gate, is like Proverbs 22:22; and the form Hithpa. is according to the rule given in Ges. 54, 2, b. The relative אשׁר, Job 5:5, is here conj. relativa, according to Ges. 155, 1, c. In the connection אל־מצּנּים, אל is equivalent to עד, adeo e spinis, the hungry fall so eagerly upon what the father of those now orphans has reaped, that even the thorny fence does not hold them back. צנּים, as Proverbs 22:5 : the double praepos. אל־מן is also found elsewhere, but with another meaning. עמּים has only the appearance of being plur.: it is sing. after the form צדּיק, from the verb צמם, nectere, and signifies, Job 18:9, a snare; here, however, not judicii laqueus (Bttch.), but what, besides the form, comes still nearer - the snaremaker, intriguer. The Targ. translates לסטיסין, i.e., λησταί. Most modern critics (Rosenm. to Ebr.) translate: the thirsty (needy), as do all the old translations, except the Targ.; this, however, is not possible without changing the form. The meaning is, that intriguing persons catch up (שׁאף, as Amos 2:7) their wealth.

Eliphaz now tells why it thus befell this fool in his own person and his children.

Job 5:11 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

set up.

1 Samuel 2:7,8 The LORD makes poor, and makes rich: he brings low, and lifts up...

Psalm 91:14 Because he has set his love on me, therefore will I deliver him: I will set him on high, because he has known my name.

Psalm 107:41 Yet sets he the poor on high from affliction, and makes him families like a flock.

Ezekiel 17:24 And all the trees of the field shall know that I the LORD have brought down the high tree, have exalted the low tree...

Luke 1:52,53 He has put down the mighty from their seats, and exalted them of low degree...

those.

Luke 6:21 Blessed are you that hunger now: for you shall be filled. Blessed are you that weep now: for you shall laugh.

James 1:9 Let the brother of low degree rejoice in that he is exalted:

James 4:6-10 But he gives more grace. Why he said, God resists the proud, but gives grace to the humble...

1 Peter 5:10 But the God of all grace, who has called us to his eternal glory by Christ Jesus, after that you have suffered a while, make you perfect...

exalted.

Deuteronomy 33:27 The eternal God is your refuge, and underneath are the everlasting arms: and he shall thrust out the enemy from before you...

1 Peter 1:3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ...

Cross References
Luke 1:52
he has brought down the mighty from their thrones and exalted those of humble estate;

James 4:10
Humble yourselves before the Lord, and he will exalt you.

1 Samuel 2:7
The LORD makes poor and makes rich; he brings low and he exalts.

Job 22:29
For when they are humbled you say, 'It is because of pride'; but he saves the lowly.

Job 36:7
He does not withdraw his eyes from the righteous, but with kings on the throne he sets them forever, and they are exalted.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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