Job 23:10
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
But he knows the way that I take; when he has tried me, I shall come out as gold.

King James Bible
But he knoweth the way that I take: when he hath tried me, I shall come forth as gold.

American Standard Version
But he knoweth the way that I take; When he hath tried me, I shall come forth as gold.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But he knoweth my way, and has tried me as gold that passeth through the fire:

English Revised Version
But he knoweth the way that I take; when he hath tried me, I shall come forth as gold.

Webster's Bible Translation
But he knoweth the way that I take: when he hath tried me, I shall come forth as gold.

Job 23:10 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

1 Then began Job, and said:

2 Even to-day my complaint still biddeth defiance,

My hand lieth heavy upon my groaning.

3 Oh that I knew where I might find Him,

That I might come even to His dwelling-place!

4 I would lay the cause before Him,

And fill my mouth with arguments:

5 I should like to know the words He would answer me,

And attend to what He would say to me.

Since מרי (for which the lxx reads ἐκ τοῦ χειρός μου, מידי; Ew. מידו, from his hand) usually elsewhere signifies obstinacy, it appears that Job 23:2 ought to be explained: My complaint is always accounted as rebellion (against God); but by this rendering Job 23:2 requires some sort of expletive, in order to furnish a connected thought: although the hand which is upon me stifles my groaning (Hirz.); or, according to another rendering of the על: et pourtant mes gmissements n'galent pas mes souffrances (Renan. Schlottm.). These interpretations are objectionable on account of the artificial restoration of the connection between the two members of the verse, which they require; they lead one to expect וידי (as a circumstantial clause: lxx, Cod. Vat. καὶ ἡ χεὶρ αὐτοῦ). As the words stand, it is to be supposed that the definition of time, גּם־היּום (even to-day still, as Zechariah 9:12), belongs to both divisions of the verse. How, then, is מרי to be understood? If we compare Job 7:11; Job 10:1, where מר, which is combined with שׂיח, signifies amarum equals amartiduo, it is natural to take מרי also in the signification amaritudo, acerbitas (Targ., Syr., Jer.); and this is also possible, since, as is evident from Exodus 23:21, comp. Zechariah 12:10, the verbal forms מרר and מרה run into one another, as they are really cognates.

(Note: מרר and מרה both spring from the root מר [vid. supra, p. 396, note], with the primary signification stringere, to beat, rub, draw tight. Hence Arab. mârrâ, to touch lightly, smear upon (to go by, over, or through, to move by, etc.), but also stringere palatum, of an astringent taste, strong in taste, to be bitter, opp. Arab. ḥalâ, soft and mild in taste, to be sweet, as in another direction חלה, to be loose, weak, sick, both from the root Arab. ḥl in ḥalla, solvit, laxavit. From the signification to be tight come amarra, to stretch tight, istamarra, to stretch one's self tight, to draw one's self out in this state of tension - of things in time, to continue unbroken; mirreh, string, cord; מרה, to make and hold one's self tight against any one, i.e., to be obstinate: originally of the body, as Arab. mârrâ, tamârrâ, to strengthen themselves in the contest against one another; then of the mind, as Arab. mârâ, tamârâ, to struggle against anything, both outwardly by contradiction and disputing, and inwardly by doubt and unbelief. - Fl.)

But it is more satisfactory, and more in accordance with the relation of the two divisions of the verse, if we keep to the usual signification of מרי; not, however, understanding it of obstinacy, revolt, rebellion (viz., in the sense of the friends), but, like moreh, 2 Kings 14:26) which describes the affliction as stiff-necked, obstinate), of stubbornness, defiance, continuance in opposition, and explain with Raschi: My complaint is still always defiance, i.e., still maintains itself in opposition, viz., against God, without yielding (Hahn, Olsh.: unsubmitting); or rather: against such exhortations to penitence as those which Eliphaz has just addressed to him. In reply to these, Job considers his complain to be well justified even to-day, i.e., even now (for it is not, with Ewald, to be imagined that, in the mind of the poet, the controversy extends over several days, - an idea which would only be indicated by this one word).

In Job 23:2 he continues the same thought under a different form of expression. My hand lies heavy on my groaning, i.e., I hold it immoveably fast (as Fleischer proposes to take the words); or better: I am driven to a continued utterance of it.

(Note: The idea might also be: My hand presses my groaning back (because it would be of no use to me); but Job 23:2 is against this, and the Arab. kamada, to restrain inward pain, anger, etc. by force (e.g., mât kemed, he died from suppressed rage or anxiety), has scarcely any etymological connection with כבד.)

continued...

Job 23:10 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

he knoweth

Genesis 18:19 For I know him, that he will command his children and his household after him, and they shall keep the way of the LORD...

2 Kings 20:3 I beseech you, O LORD, remember now how I have walked before you in truth and with a perfect heart...

Psalm 1:6 For the LORD knows the way of the righteous: but the way of the ungodly shall perish.

Psalm 139:1-3 O lord, you have searched me, and known me...

John 21:17 He said to him the third time, Simon, son of Jonas, love you me? Peter was grieved because he said to him the third time, Love you me?...

2 Timothy 2:19 Nevertheless the foundation of God stands sure, having this seal, The Lord knows them that are his. And...

the way that I take. Heb. the way that is with me. he hath

Job 1:11,12 But put forth your hand now, and touch all that he has, and he will curse you to your face...

Job 2:5,6 But put forth your hand now, and touch his bone and his flesh, and he will curse you to your face...

Deuteronomy 8:2 And you shall remember all the way which the LORD your God led you these forty years in the wilderness, to humble you, and to prove you...

Psalm 17:3 You have proved my heart; you have visited me in the night; you have tried me, and shall find nothing...

Psalm 66:10 For you, O God, have proved us: you have tried us, as silver is tried.

Proverbs 17:3 The fining pot is for silver, and the furnace for gold: but the LORD tries the hearts.

Zechariah 13:9 And I will bring the third part through the fire, and will refine them as silver is refined, and will try them as gold is tried...

Malachi 3:2,3 But who may abide the day of his coming? and who shall stand when he appears? for he is like a refiner's fire, and like fullers' soap...

Hebrews 11:17 By faith Abraham, when he was tried, offered up Isaac: and he that had received the promises offered up his only begotten son,

James 1:2-4,12 My brothers, count it all joy when you fall into divers temptations...

1 Peter 1:7 That the trial of your faith, being much more precious than of gold that perishes, though it be tried with fire...

I shall

Job 42:5-8 I have heard of you by the hearing of the ear: but now my eye sees you...

Cross References
1 Corinthians 3:15
If anyone's work is burned up, he will suffer loss, though he himself will be saved, but only as through fire.

1 Peter 1:7
so that the tested genuineness of your faith--more precious than gold that perishes though it is tested by fire--may be found to result in praise and glory and honor at the revelation of Jesus Christ.

Job 6:29
Please turn; let no injustice be done. Turn now; my vindication is at stake.

Job 7:18
visit him every morning and test him every moment?

Job 23:7
There an upright man could argue with him, and I would be acquitted forever by my judge.

Job 23:9
on the left hand when he is working, I do not behold him; he turns to the right hand, but I do not see him.

Job 31:6
(Let me be weighed in a just balance, and let God know my integrity!)

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