Job 21:30
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
that the evil man is spared in the day of calamity, that he is rescued in the day of wrath?

King James Bible
That the wicked is reserved to the day of destruction? they shall be brought forth to the day of wrath.

American Standard Version
That the evil man is reserved to the day of calamity? That they are led forth to the day of wrath?

Douay-Rheims Bible
Because the wicked man is reserved to the day of destruction, and he shall be brought to the day of wrath.

English Revised Version
That the evil man is reserved to the day of calamity? that they are led forth to the day of wrath?

Webster's Bible Translation
That the wicked is reserved to the day of destruction? they will be brought forth to the day of wrath.

Job 21:30 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

22 Shall one teach God knowledge,

Who judgeth those who are in heaven?

23 One dieth in his full strength,

Being still cheerful and free from care.

24 His troughs are full of milk,

And the marrow of his bones is well watered.

25 And another dieth with a sorrowing spirit,

And hath not enjoyed wealth.

26 They lie beside one another in the dust,

And worms cover them both.

The question, Job 21:22, concerns the friends. Since they maintain that necessarily and constantly virtue is rewarded by prosperity, and sin by misfortune, but without this law of the divine order of the world which is maintained by them being supported by experience: if they set themselves up as teachers of God, they will teach Him the right understanding of the conduct which is to be followed by Him as a ruler and judge of men, while nevertheless He is the Absolute One, beneath whose judicial rule not merely man, but also the heavenly spirits, are placed, and to which they must conform and bow. The verb למּד, instead of being construed with two acc., as in the dependent passage Isaiah 40:14, is here construed with the dat. of the person (which is not to be judged according to Job 5:2; Job 19:3, but according to διδάσκειν τινί τι, to teach one anything, beside the other prevailing construction). With והוא a circumstantial clause begins regularly: while He, however, etc. Arnh. and Lwenth. translate: while, however, He exaltedly judges, i.e., according to a law that infinitely transcends man; but that must have been מרום (and even thus it would still be liable to be misunderstood). Hahn (whom Olsh. is inclined to support): but He will judge the proud, to which first the circumstantial clause, and secondly the parallels, Job 35:2; Job 15:15; Job 4:18 (comp. Isaiah 24:21), from which it is evident that רמים signifies the heavenly beings (as Psalm 78:69, the heights of heaven), are opposed: it is a fundamental thought of this book, which abounds in allusions to the angels, that the angels, although exalted above men, are nevertheless in contrast with God imperfect, and therefore are removed neither from the possibility of sin nor the necessity of a government which holds them together in unity, and exercises a judicial authority over them. The rule of the all-exalted Judge is different from that which the three presumptuously prescribe to Him.

The one (viz., the evil-doer) dies בּעצם תּמּו, in ipsa sua integritate, like בעצם היום, ipso illo die; the Arabic would be fı̂ ‛yn, since there the eye, here the bone (comp. Uhlemann, Syr. Gramm. 58), denote corporeality, duration, existence, and therefore identity. תּם is intended of perfect external health, as elsewhere מתם; comp. תּמימים, Proverbs 1:12. In Job 21:23 the pointing שׁלאנן (adj.) and שׁלאנן (3 praet.) are interchanged in the Codd.; the following verbal adjective favours the form of writing with Kametz. As to the form, however (which Rd. and Olsh. consider to be an error in writing), it is either a mixed form from שׁאנן and שׁלו with the blended meaning of both (Ew. 106, c), to which the comparison with שׁליו ( equals שׁלו) is not altogether suitable, or it is formed from שׁאנן by means of an epenthesis (as זלעף from זעף, aestuare, and בלסם, βάλσαμον, from בשׂם), and of similar but intensified signification; we prefer the latter, without however denying the real existence of such mixed forms (vid., on Job 26:9; Job 33:25). This fulness of health and prosperity is depicted in Job 21:24. The ancient translators think, because the bones are mentioned in the parallel line, עטיניו must also be understood of a part of the body: lxx ἔγκατα, Jer. viscera; Targ. בּיזוי, his breasts, βυζία

(Note: Vid., Handschriftliche Funde, 2. S. V.)

(for Hebr. שׁדים, שׁד); Syr. version gabauh ( equals ganbauh), his sides in regard to עטמא, Syr. ‛attmo equals אטמא, side, hip; Saad. audâguhu, his jugular veins, in connection with which (not, however, by this last rendering) חלב is read instead of חלב: his bowels, etc., are full of fat.

continued...

Job 21:30 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the wicked

Proverbs 16:4 The LORD has made all things for himself: yes, even the wicked for the day of evil.

Nahum 1:2 God is jealous, and the LORD revenges; the LORD revenges, and is furious; the LORD will take vengeance on his adversaries...

2 Peter 2:9-17 The Lord knows how to deliver the godly out of temptations, and to reserve the unjust to the day of judgment to be punished...

2 Peter 3:7 But the heavens and the earth, which are now, by the same word are kept in store...

Jude 1:13 Raging waves of the sea, foaming out their own shame; wandering stars, to whom is reserved the blackness of darkness for ever.

day

Job 20:28 The increase of his house shall depart, and his goods shall flow away in the day of his wrath.

Psalm 110:5 The Lord at your right hand shall strike through kings in the day of his wrath.

Proverbs 11:4 Riches profit not in the day of wrath: but righteousness delivers from death.

Zephaniah 1:15 That day is a day of wrath, a day of trouble and distress, a day of devastation and desolation, a day of darkness and gloominess...

Romans 2:5 But after your hardness and impenitent heart treasure up to yourself wrath against the day of wrath and revelation...

Revelation 6:17 For the great day of his wrath is come; and who shall be able to stand?

wrath. Heb. wraths

Cross References
2 Peter 2:9
then the Lord knows how to rescue the godly from trials, and to keep the unrighteous under punishment until the day of judgment,

Job 8:20
"Behold, God will not reject a blameless man, nor take the hand of evildoers.

Job 20:28
The possessions of his house will be carried away, dragged off in the day of God's wrath.

Job 20:29
This is the wicked man's portion from God, the heritage decreed for him by God."

Job 21:17
"How often is it that the lamp of the wicked is put out? That their calamity comes upon them? That God distributes pains in his anger?

Job 21:20
Let their own eyes see their destruction, and let them drink of the wrath of the Almighty.

Job 21:29
Have you not asked those who travel the roads, and do you not accept their testimony

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