Job 21:22
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Will any teach God knowledge, seeing that he judges those who are on high?

King James Bible
Shall any teach God knowledge? seeing he judgeth those that are high.

American Standard Version
Shall any teach God knowledge, Seeing he judgeth those that are high?

Douay-Rheims Bible
Shall any one teach God knowledge, who judgeth those that are high?

English Revised Version
Shall any teach God knowledge? seeing he judgeth those that are high.

Webster's Bible Translation
Shall any teach God knowledge? seeing he judgeth those that are high.

Job 21:22 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

12 They raise their voice with the playing of timbrel aud harp,

And rejoice at the sound of the pipe

13 They enjoy their days in prosperity,

And in a moment they go down to Sehol.

14 And yet they said to God: "Depart from us!

We desire not the knowledge of Thy ways.

15 What is the Almighty, that we should serve Him? -

And what doth it profit us that we should importune Him?" -

16 Lo! they have not their prosperity by their own hand,

The thought of the wicked be far from me!

קולם is to be supplied to ישׂאוּ in Isaiah 42:11, and instead of בּתף with בּ of the musical accompaniment (as Psalm 4:1, Psalm 49:5), it is to be read כּתף after the Masora with Kimchi, Ramban, Ralbag, and Farisol,

(Note: The Masora observes לית כותיה (not occuring thus elsewhere), and accordingly this כתף is distinguished in the Masoretic אב מן חד חד נסבין כף ברישׁיה (alphabetic list of words which take at one time the prefix כ and at another the prefix )ב, from בתף, which occurs elsewhere. The Targ. has read בטף; the reading of Raschi and Aben-Ezra is questionable.)

but not with Rosenm. to be explained: personaut velut tympano et cythera, but: they raise their voice as the timbrel and harp sound forth simultaneously; כּ, as Isaiah 18:4 (which is to be transl.: during the clear warmth of the sunshine, during the dew-clouds in the heat of harvest). תּף (Arabic duff, Spanish adufe) is τύμπανον (τύπανον), כּנּור, (Arab. canare) κινύρα or κιθάρα) Daniel 3:5), עוּגב or עגב, Job 30:31 (from עגב, flare; vid., on Genesis 4:21), the Pan-pipe (Targ. from a similar root אבּוּבא, whence the name of the ambubajae). In Job 21:13 and Keri gives the more usual יכלּוּ (Job 36:11) in place of the Chethib יבלּוּ, though יבלּוּ occurs in Isaiah 65:22 without this Keri; יכלו signifies consument, and יבלו usu deterent: they use up their life, enjoy it to the last drop. In connection with this one thinks of a coat which is not laid aside until it is entirely worn out. It is therefore not, as the friends say, that the ungodly is swept away before his time (Job 15:32), also a lingering sickness does not hand him over to death (Job 18:13), but בּרגע, in a moment (comp Job 34:20, not: in rest, i.e., freedom from pain, which רגע never signifies), they sink down to Hades (acc. loci). The matter does not admit of one's deriving the fut. יהתּוּ here, as Job 39:22, Job 31:34, from the Niph. of the verb חתת, terrore percelli; it is to be referred to נחת or נחת (Aram. for ירד), which is the only certain example of a Hebrew verb Pe Nun ending with ת, whose fut. ינחת, Psalm 38:3, also יחת (Proverbs 17:10, Jeremiah 21:13), instead of יחת, and in the inflexion its ת sti (after the analogy of יצּתּוּ, Isaiah 33:12) is doubled; as an exception (vid., Psalter, ii. 468), the lengthening of the short vowel (יחתוּ, Olsh. 83 b) by Silluk does not take place, as e.g., by Athnach, Job 34:5.

The fut. consec. ויּאמרוּ, in which Job 21:14 is continued, does not here denote temporally that which follows upon and from something else, but generally that which is inwardly connected with something else, and even with that which is contradictory, and still occurring at the same time, exactly as Genesis 19:9, 2 Samuel 3:8, comp Ew. 231, b: they sink down after a life that is completely consumed away, without a death-struggle, into Hades, and yet they denied God, would not concern themselves about His sways (comp. the similar passage, Isaiah 58:2), and accounted the service of God and prayer (פּגע בּ, precibus adire) as useless. The words of the ungodly extend to Job 21:15; according to Hirz., Hlgst., Welte, and Hahn, Job 21:16 resumes the description: behold, is not their prosperity in their hand? i.e., is it not at their free disposal? or do they not everywhere carry it away with them? But Job 21:16 is not favourable to this interrogative rendering of לא ( equals הלא). Schlottm. explains more correctly: behold, their prosperity is not in their power; but by taking not only Job 21:16 (like Schnurrer), but the whole of Job 21:16, as an utterance of an opponent, which is indeed impossible, because the declining of all fellowship with the godless would be entirely without aim in the mouth of the opponent. For it is not the fnends who draw the picture of the lot of the punishment of the godless with the most terrible lines possible, who suggest the appearance of looking wishfully towards the godless, but Job, who paints the prosperity of the godless in such brilliant colours. On the other hand, both sides are agreed in referring prosperity and misfortune to God as final cause. And for this very reason Job thinks that בּרך את־האלהים, which he makes the godless, in Job 21:14, Job 21:15, express in their own words, so horrible.

continued...

Job 21:22 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

teach

Job 40:2 Shall he that contends with the Almighty instruct him? he that reproves God, let him answer it.

Isaiah 40:13,14 Who has directed the Spirit of the LORD, or being his counselor has taught him...

Isaiah 45:9 Woe to him that strives with his Maker! Let the potsherd strive with the potsherds of the earth...

Romans 11:34 For who has known the mind of the Lord? or who has been his counselor?

1 Corinthians 2:16 For who has known the mind of the Lord, that he may instruct him? But we have the mind of Christ.

he judgeth

Job 34:17-19 Shall even he that hates right govern? and will you condemn him that is most just...

Psalm 113:5,6 Who is like to the LORD our God, who dwells on high...

Ecclesiastes 5:8 If you see the oppression of the poor, and violent perverting of judgment and justice in a province, marvel not at the matter...

Isaiah 40:22,23 It is he that sits on the circle of the earth, and the inhabitants thereof are as grasshoppers...

1 Corinthians 6:3 Know you not that we shall judge angels? how much more things that pertain to this life?

2 Peter 2:4 For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to hell, and delivered them into chains of darkness...

Jude 1:6 And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation...

Revelation 20:1-3,12-15 And I saw an angel come down from heaven, having the key of the bottomless pit and a great chain in his hand...

Cross References
Romans 11:34
"For who has known the mind of the Lord, or who has been his counselor?"

Job 4:18
Even in his servants he puts no trust, and his angels he charges with error;

Job 15:15
Behold, God puts no trust in his holy ones, and the heavens are not pure in his sight;

Job 21:21
For what do they care for their houses after them, when the number of their months is cut off?

Job 35:11
who teaches us more than the beasts of the earth and makes us wiser than the birds of the heavens?'

Job 36:22
Behold, God is exalted in his power; who is a teacher like him?

Psalm 82:1
God has taken his place in the divine council; in the midst of the gods he holds judgment:

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