Job 20:4
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Do you not know this from of old, since man was placed on earth,

King James Bible
Knowest thou not this of old, since man was placed upon earth,

American Standard Version
Knowest thou not this of old time, Since man was placed upon earth,

Douay-Rheims Bible
This I know from the beginning, since man was placed upon the earth,

English Revised Version
Knowest thou not this of old time, since man was placed upon earth,

Webster's Bible Translation
Knowest thou not this of old, since man was placed upon earth,

Job 20:4 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

26 And after my skin, thus torn to pieces,

And without my flesh shall I behold Eloah,

27 Whom I shall behold for my good,

And mine eyes shall see Him and no other -

My veins languish in my bosom.

28 Ye think: "How shall we persecute him?"

Since the root of the matter is found in me -

29 Therefore be ye afraid of the sword,

For wrath meeteth the transgressions of the sword,

That ye may know there is a judgment!

If we have correctly understood על־עפר,Job 19:25, we cannot in this speech find that the hope of a bodily recovery is expressed. In connection with this rendering, the oldest representative of which is Chrysostom, מבּשׂרי is translated either: free from my flesh equals having become a skeleton (Umbr., Hirz., and Stickel, in comm. in Iobi loc. de Gole, 1832, and in the transl., Gleiss, Hlgst., Renan), but this מבשׂרי, if the מן is taken as privative, can signify nothing else but fleshless equals bodiless; or: from my flesh, i.e., the flesh when made whole again (viz., Eichhorn in the Essay, which has exercised considerable influence, to his Allg. Bibl. d. bibl. Lit. i. 3, 1787, von Clln, BCr., Knapp, von Hofm.,

(Note: Von Hofmann (Schriftbeweis, ii. 2, 503) translates: "I know, however, my Redeemer is living, and hereafter He will stand forth which must have been יעמד instead of יקום] upon the earth and after my skin, this surrounding (נקּפוּ, Chaldaism, instead of נקּפוּת after the form עקּשׁוּת), and from my flesh shall I behold God, whom I shall behold for myself, and my eyes see [Him], and He is not strange.")

and others), but hereby the relation of Job 19:26 to Job 19:26 becomes a contrast, without there being anything to indicate it. Moreover, this rendering, as מבשׂרי may also be explained, is in itself contrary to the spirit and plan of the book; for the character of Job's present state of mind is, that he looks for certain death, and will hear nothing of the consolation of recovery (Job 17:10-16), which sounds to him as mere mockery; that he, however, notwithstanding, does not despair of God, but, by the consciousness of his innocence and the uncharitableness of the friends, is more and more impelled from the God of wrath and caprice to the God of love, his future Redeemer; and that then, when at the end of the course of suffering the actual proof of God's love breaks through the seeming manifestation of wrath, even that which Job had not ventured to hope is realized: a return of temporal prosperity beyond his entreaty and comprehension.

On the other hand, the mode of interpretation of the older translators and expositors, who find an expression of the hope of a resurrection at the end of the preceding strophe or the beginning of this, cannot be accepted. The lxx, by reading יקים instead of יקום, and connecting יקים עורי נקפו זאת, translates: ἀναστήσει δὲ (Cod. Vat. only ἀναστῆσαι) μου τὸ σῶμα (Cod. Vat. τὸ δέρμα μου) τὸ ἀναντλοῦν μοι (Cod. Vat. om. μοι) ταῦτα, - but how can any one's skin be said to awake (Italic: super terram resurget cutis mea),

continued...

Job 20:4 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

thou not

Job 8:8,9 For inquire, I pray you, of the former age, and prepare yourself to the search of their fathers...

Job 15:10 With us are both the gray headed and very aged men, much elder than your father.

Job 32:7 I said, Days should speak, and multitude of years should teach wisdom.

man

Genesis 1:28 And God blessed them, and God said to them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it...

Genesis 9:1-3 And God blessed Noah and his sons, and said to them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth...

Psalm 115:16 The heaven, even the heavens, are the LORD's: but the earth has he given to the children of men.

Cross References
Job 8:8
"For inquire, please, of bygone ages, and consider what the fathers have searched out.

Job 15:18
(what wise men have told, without hiding it from their fathers,

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