Job 20:29
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
This is the wicked man’s portion from God, the heritage decreed for him by God.”

King James Bible
This is the portion of a wicked man from God, and the heritage appointed unto him by God.

American Standard Version
This is the portion of a wicked man from God, And the heritage appointed unto him by God.

Douay-Rheims Bible
This is the portion of a wicked man from God, and the inheritance of his doings from the Lord.

English Revised Version
This is the portion of a wicked man from God, and the heritage appointed unto him by God.

Webster's Bible Translation
This is the portion of a wicked man from God, and the heritage appointed to him by God.

Job 20:29 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The יהי which opens this verse (and which also occurs elsewhere, e.g., Job 18:12, in a purely future signification), here, like ויהי, 2 Samuel 5:24 (Ew. 333, b), serves to introduce the following ישׁלּח (it shall happen: He shall send forth); ויהי (e.g., Genesis 40:1) frequent in the historical style, and והיה in the prophetical, are similarly used. In order to fill his belly, which is insatiable, God will send forth against him His glowing wrath (comp. Lamentations 1:13, from on high hath He sent fire into my bones), and will rain upon him into his flesh, or his plumpness (Arab. fi lachmihi). Thus we believe בּלחוּמו must be understood by referring to Zephaniah 1:17; where, perhaps not without reference to this speech of Zophar, the כּגּללים, which serves to explain Job 20:7, coincides with וּלחמּם, which serves to explain this בלחומו; and the right meaning is not even missed by the lxx, which translates καὶ τὰς σάρκας αὐτῶν ὡς βόλβιτα.

(Note: This passage is translated: and their blood is poured forth as dust, i.e., useless rubbish (Arab. el-ghabra אלעברה), and their flesh as filth. The form of inflection לחמּם is referable to לחם after the form לאם.)

A suitable thought is obtained if לחוּם is taken in the signification, food: He will rain upon him his food, i.e., what is fit for him (with Beth of the instrument instead of the accusative of the object), or: He will rain down (His wrath) upon him as his food (with Beth essent., according to which Ew.: what can satisfy him; Bridel: pour son aliment; Renan: en guise de pain); but we give the preference to the other interpretation, because it is at once natural in this book, abounding in Arabisms, to suppose for לחום the signification of the Arab. laḥm, which is also supported in Hebrew by Zephaniah 1:17; further, because the Targ. favours it, which transl. בּשׁלדיהּ, and expositors, as Aben-Ezra and Ralbag, who interpret by בבשׂרו; finally, because it gives an appropriate idea, to which Lamentations 1:13 presents a commendable parallel, comp. also James 5:3, and Koran, Sur. 2, 169: "those who hide what God has sent down by the Scripture, and thereby obtain a small profit, eat only fire into their belly." That עלימו can be used pathetically for עליו is unmistakeably clear from Job 22:2, comp. Job 27:23, and on Psalm 11:7; the morally indignant speech which threatens punishment, intentionally seeks after rare solemn words and darksome tones. Therefore: Upon his flesh, which has been nourished in unsympathizing greediness, God rains down, i.e., rain of fire, which scorches it. This is the hidden background of the lot of punishment, the active principle of which, though it be effected by human agency, is the punitive power of the fire of divine wrath. Job 20:24 describe, by illustration, how it is worked out. The evil-doer flees from a hostile superior power, is hit in the back by the enemy's arrows; and since he, one who is overthrown, seeks to get free from them, he is made to feel the terrors of inevitably approaching death.

Job 20:29 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the portion

Job 18:21 Surely such are the dwellings of the wicked, and this is the place of him that knows not God.

Job 27:13 This is the portion of a wicked man with God, and the heritage of oppressors, which they shall receive of the Almighty.

Job 31:2,3 For what portion of God is there from above? and what inheritance of the Almighty from on high...

Deuteronomy 29:20-28 The LORD will not spare him, but then the anger of the LORD and his jealousy shall smoke against that man...

Psalm 11:5,6 The LORD tries the righteous: but the wicked and him that loves violence his soul hates...

Matthew 24:51 And shall cut him asunder, and appoint him his portion with the hypocrites: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.

appointed unto him by God. Heb. of his decree from God

Lamentations 3:38 Out of the mouth of the most High proceeds not evil and good?

Cross References
Job 21:1
Then Job answered and said:

Job 21:30
that the evil man is spared in the day of calamity, that he is rescued in the day of wrath?

Job 27:13
"This is the portion of a wicked man with God, and the heritage that oppressors receive from the Almighty:

Job 31:2
What would be my portion from God above and my heritage from the Almighty on high?

Job 31:3
Is not calamity for the unrighteous, and disaster for the workers of iniquity?

Jeremiah 13:25
This is your lot, the portion I have measured out to you, declares the LORD, because you have forgotten me and trusted in lies.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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