Job 20:27
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The heavens will reveal his iniquity, and the earth will rise up against him.

King James Bible
The heaven shall reveal his iniquity; and the earth shall rise up against him.

American Standard Version
The heavens shall reveal his iniquity, And the earth shall rise up against him.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The heavens shall reveal his iniquity, and the earth shall rise up against him.

English Revised Version
The heavens shall reveal his iniquity, and the earth shall rise up against him.

Webster's Bible Translation
The heaven shall reveal his iniquity; and the earth shall rise up against him.

Job 20:27 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

21 Nothing escaped his covetousness,

Therefore his prosperity shall not continue.

22 In the fulness of his need it shall be strait with him,

Every hand of the needy shall come upon him.

23 It shall come to pass: in order to fill his belly,

He sendeth forth the glow of His anger into him,

And He causeth it to rain upon him into his flesh.

24 He must flee from an iron weapon,

Therefore a brazen bow pierceth him through.

25 It teareth, then it cometh forth out of his body,

And the steel out of his gall,

The terrors of death come upon him.

The words of Job 20:21 are: there was nothing that escaped (שׂריד, as Job 18:19, from שׂרד, Arab. šarada, aufugere) his eating (from אכל, not from אכל), i.e., he devoured everything without sparing, even to the last remnant; therefore טוּבו, his prosperity, his abundant wealth, will not continue or hold out (יחיל, as Psalm 10:5, to be solid, powerful, enduring, whence חיל, Arab. ȟı̂lat, ḥawl). Hupf. transl. differently: nihil ei superstes ad vescendum, itaque non durant ejus bona; but שׂריד signifies first elapsum, and על־כן propterea; and we may retain these first significations, especially since Job 20:21 is not future like Job 20:21. The tone of prediction taken up in Job 20:21 is continued in what follows. The inf. constr. מלאות (prop. מלאות, but with Cholem by the Aleph, since the Waw is regarded as יתיר, superfluous), formed after the manner of the verbs Lamed He (Ew. 238, c), is written like קראות, Judges 8:1 (comp. on the other hand the scriptio devectiva, Leviticus 8:33; Leviticus 12:4); and שׂפקו (with Sin, as Norzi decides after Codd., Kimchi, and Farisol, not Samech) is to be derived from שׂפק (ספק), sufficientia (comp. the verb, 1 Kings 20:10): if his sufficiency exists in abundance, not from שׂפק equals Arab. safqat, ṣafqat, complosio, according to which Schultens explains: if his joyous clapping of hands has reached its highest point (Elizabeth Smith: "while clapping the hands in the fulness of joy"), to which מלאות is not suitable, and which ought at least to be שׁפק כּפּיו. Therefore: in the fulness of his need shall he be straitened (יצר with the tone drawn back for יצר on account of the following monosyllable, although also apocopated futt. follow further on in the strict future signification, according to poetic usage), by which not merely the fearful foreboding is meant, which just in the fullest overflow makes known his impending lot, but the real calamity, into which his towering prosperity suddenly changes, as Job 20:22 shows: All the hands of the destitute come upon him (בּוא seq. acc.: invadere) to avenge on him the injustice done to the needy. It is not necessary to understand merely such as he has made destitute, it is כּל־יד; the assertion is therefore general: the rich uncompassionate man becomes a defenceless prey of the proletaries.

Job 20:27 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

heaven

Psalm 44:20,21 If we have forgotten the name of our God, or stretched out our hands to a strange god...

Jeremiah 29:23 Because they have committed villainy in Israel, and have committed adultery with their neighbors' wives...

Malachi 3:5 And I will come near to you to judgment; and I will be a swift witness against the sorcerers, and against the adulterers...

Luke 12:2,3 For there is nothing covered, that shall not be revealed; neither hid, that shall not be known...

Romans 2:16 In the day when God shall judge the secrets of men by Jesus Christ according to my gospel.

1 Corinthians 4:5 Therefore judge nothing before the time, until the Lord come, who both will bring to light the hidden things of darkness...

earth

Job 16:18 O earth, cover not you my blood, and let my cry have no place.

Job 18:18 He shall be driven from light into darkness, and chased out of the world.

Isaiah 26:21 For, behold, the LORD comes out of his place to punish the inhabitants of the earth for their iniquity...

Cross References
Deuteronomy 31:28
Assemble to me all the elders of your tribes and your officers, that I may speak these words in their ears and call heaven and earth to witness against them.

Isaiah 26:21
For behold, the LORD is coming out from his place to punish the inhabitants of the earth for their iniquity, and the earth will disclose the blood shed on it, and will no more cover its slain.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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