Job 16:17
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
although there is no violence in my hands, and my prayer is pure.

King James Bible
Not for any injustice in mine hands: also my prayer is pure.

American Standard Version
Although there is no violence in my hands, And my prayer is pure.

Douay-Rheims Bible
These things have I suffered without the iniquity of my hand, when I offered pure prayers to God.

English Revised Version
Although there is no violence in mine hands, and my prayer is pure.

Webster's Bible Translation
Not for any injustice in my hands: also my prayer is pure.

Job 16:17 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

10 They have gaped against me with their mouth,

In contempt they smite my cheeks;

They conspire together against me.

11 God left me to the mercy of the ungodly,

And cast me into the hands of the evil-doer.

He does not mean the friends by those who mock and vex him with their contemptuous words, but the men around him who envied his prosperity and now rejoice at his misfortune; those to whom his uprightness was a burden, and who now consider themselves disencumbered of their liege lord, the over-righteous, censorious, godly man. The perfects here also have not a present signification; he depicts his suffering according to the change it has wrought since it came upon him. The verb פּער is used with the instrumental Beth instead of with the acc., as Job 29:23 (comp. on במלים, Job 16:4): they make an opening with their mouth (similar to Psalm 22:8, they make an opening with the lips, for diducunt labia). Smiting on the cheeks is in itself an insult (Lamentations 3:30); the additional בּחרפּה will therefore refer to insulting words which accompany the act. The Hithpa. התמלּא, which occurs only here, signifies not only to gather together a מלא in general, Isaiah 31:4, but (after the Arab. tamâla'a ‛ala, to conspire against any one)

(Note: Wetzstein thinks the signification conspirare for יתמלאון poor in this connection, and prefers to translate: All together they eat themselves full upon me, התמלּא as reflexive of מלּא, Job 38:39, synon. of נשׂבע, as in "the Lovers of Amsi," Ferhht, after the death of his beloved, cries out: We are not separated! To-morrow (i.e., soon) the All-kind One will unite us in paradise, and we shall satisfy ourselves one with another (Arab. w-ntmll' mn b-'dn 'l-b'd). One would, however, expect ממּנּי instead of עלי; but perhaps we may refer to the interchange of התענג על, Job 22:26; Job 27:10, with התענג מן, Isaiah 66:11.)

to complete one's self, to strengthen one's self (for a like hostile purpose): Reiske correctly: sibi invicem mutuam et auxiliatricem operam contra me simul omnes ferunt.

(Note: The signification to help, which belongs to the I. form Arab. mala'a, proceeds from malâ'un, to have abundance, to be well off; prop. to be able to furnish any one with the means (opes, copias) for anything, and thereby to place him in a position to accomplish it. Comp. the Lat. ops, opem ferre, opitulari, opes, opulentus (Arab. mal'un). - Fl.)

The meaning of עויל is manifest from Job 21:11; from עוּל, to suckle, alere (Arab. ‛âl med. Wau, whence the inf. ‛aul, ‛uwûl, and ‛ijâle), it signifies boys, knaves; and it is as unnecessary to suppose two forms, עויל and עויל, as two meanings, puer and pravus, since the language and particularly the book of Job has coined עוּל for the latter signification: it signifies in all three passages (here and Job 19:18; Job 21:11) boys, or the boyish, childish, knavish. The Arabic warratta leaves no doubt as to the derivation and meaning of ירטני; it signifies to cast down to destruction (warttah, a precipice, ruin, danger), and so here the fut. Kal ירטני for יירטני (Ges. 69, rem. 3), praecipitem me dabat (lxx ἔῤῥιψε, Symm. ἐνέβαλε), as the praet. Kal, Numbers 22:32 : praeceps equals exitiosa est via. The preformative Jod has Metheg in correct texts, so that we need not suppose, with Ralbag, a רטה, similar in meaning to ירט.

Job 16:17 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Not for

Job 11:14 If iniquity be in your hand, put it far away, and let not wickedness dwell in your tabernacles.

Job 15:20,34 The wicked man travails with pain all his days, and the number of years is hidden to the oppressor...

Job 21:27,28 Behold, I know your thoughts, and the devices which you wrongfully imagine against me...

Job 22:5-9 Is not your wickedness great? and your iniquities infinite...

Job 27:6,7 My righteousness I hold fast, and will not let it go: my heart shall not reproach me so long as I live...

Job 29:12-17 Because I delivered the poor that cried, and the fatherless, and him that had none to help him...

Job 31:1 I made a covenant with my eyes; why then should I think on a maid?

*etc:

Psalm 7:3-5 O LORD my God, If I have done this; if there be iniquity in my hands...

Psalm 44:17-21 All this is come on us; yet have we not forgotten you, neither have we dealt falsely in your covenant...

my prayer

Job 8:5,6 If you would seek to God betimes, and make your supplication to the Almighty...

Psalm 66:18,19 If I regard iniquity in my heart, the Lord will not hear me...

Proverbs 15:8 The sacrifice of the wicked is an abomination to the LORD: but the prayer of the upright is his delight.

1 Timothy 2:8 I will therefore that men pray every where, lifting up holy hands, without wrath and doubting.

Cross References
Job 16:18
"O earth, cover not my blood, and let my cry find no resting place.

Job 27:4
my lips will not speak falsehood, and my tongue will not utter deceit.

Job 33:9
You say, 'I am pure, without transgression; I am clean, and there is no iniquity in me.

Isaiah 59:6
Their webs will not serve as clothing; men will not cover themselves with what they make. Their works are works of iniquity, and deeds of violence are in their hands.

Jonah 3:8
but let man and beast be covered with sackcloth, and let them call out mightily to God. Let everyone turn from his evil way and from the violence that is in his hands.

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