Job 15:20
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The wicked man writhes in pain all his days, through all the years that are laid up for the ruthless.

King James Bible
The wicked man travaileth with pain all his days, and the number of years is hidden to the oppressor.

American Standard Version
The wicked man travaileth with pain all his days, Even the number of years that are laid up for the oppressor.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The wicked man is proud all his days, and the number of the years of his tyranny is uncertain.

English Revised Version
The wicked man travaileth with pain all his days, even the number of years that are laid up for the oppressor.

Webster's Bible Translation
The wicked man travaileth with pain all his days, and the number of years is hidden to the oppressor.

Job 15:20 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

14 What is mortal man that he should be pure,

And that he who is born of woman should be righteous?

15 He trusteth not His holy ones,

And the heavens are not pure in His eyes:

16 How much less the abominable and corrupt,

Man, who drinketh iniquity as water!

The exclamation in Job 15:14 is like the utterance: mortal man and man born flesh of flesh cannot be entirely sinless. Even "the holy ones" and "the heavens" are not. The former are, as in Job 5:1, according to Job 4:18, the angels as beings of light (whether קדשׁ signifies to be light from the very first, spotlessly pure, or, vid., Psalter, i. 588f., to be separated, distinct, and hence exalted above what is common); the latter is not another expression for the אנגּלי מרומא (Targ.), the "angels of the heights," but שׁמים is the word used for the highest spheres in which they dwell (comp. Job 25:5); for the angels are certainly not corporeal, but, like all created things, in space, and the Scriptures everywhere speak of angels and the starry heavens together. Hence the angels are called the morning stars in Job 38:7, and hence both stars and angels are called צבא השׁמים and צבאות (vid., Genesis. S. 128). Even the angels and the heavens are finite, and consequently are not of a nature absolutely raised above the possibility of sin and contamination.

Eliphaz repeats here what he has already said, Job 4:18.; but he does it intentionally, since he wishes still more terribly to describe human uncleanness to Job (Oetinger). In that passage אף was merely the sign of an anti-climax, here כּי אף is quanto minus. Eliphaz refers to the hereditary infirmity and sin of human nature in Job 15:14, here (Job 15:16) to man's own free choice of that which works his destruction. He uses the strongest imaginable words to describe one actualiter and originaliter corrupted. נתעב denotes one who is become an abomination, or the abominated equals abominable (Ges. 134, 1); נאלח, one thoroughly corrupted (Arabic alacha, in the medial VIII conjugation: to become sour, which reminds one of ζύμη, Rabb. שׂאר שׁבּעסּה, as an image of evil, and especially of evil desire). It is further said of him (an expression which Elihu adopts, Job 34:7), that he drinks up evil like water. The figure is like Proverbs 26:6, comp. on Psalm 73:10, and implies that he lusts after sin, and that it is become a necessity of his nature, and is to his nature what water is to the thirsty. Even Job does not deny this corruption of man (Job 14:4), but the inferences which the friends draw in reference to him he cannot acknowledge. The continuation of Eliphaz' speech shows how they render this acknowledgment impossible to him.

Job 15:20 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

travaileth

Romans 8:22 For we know that the whole creation groans and travails in pain together until now.

Ecclesiastes 9:3 This is an evil among all things that are done under the sun, that there is one event to all: yes...

the number

Psalm 90:3,4,12 You turn man to destruction; and say, Return, you children of men...

Luke 12:19-21 And I will say to my soul, Soul, you have much goods laid up for many years; take your ease, eat, drink, and be merry...

James 5:1-6 Go to now, you rich men, weep and howl for your miseries that shall come on you...

Cross References
Job 15:19
to whom alone the land was given, and no stranger passed among them).

Job 15:24
distress and anguish terrify him; they prevail against him, like a king ready for battle.

Job 24:1
"Why are not times of judgment kept by the Almighty, and why do those who know him never see his days?

Job 27:13
"This is the portion of a wicked man with God, and the heritage that oppressors receive from the Almighty:

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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