Job 13:23
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
How many are my iniquities and my sins? Make me know my transgression and my sin.

King James Bible
How many are mine iniquities and sins? make me to know my transgression and my sin.

American Standard Version
How many are mine iniquities and sins? Make me to know my transgression and my sin.

Douay-Rheims Bible
How many are my iniquities and sins? make me know my crimes and offences.

English Revised Version
How many are mine iniquities and sins? make me to know my transgression and my sin.

Webster's Bible Translation
How many are my iniquities and sins? make me to know my transgression and my sin.

Job 13:23 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

17 Hear, O hear my confession,

And let my declaration echo in your ears.

18 Behold now! I have arranged the cause,

I know that I shall maintain the right.

19 Who then can contend with me?

Then, indeed, I would be silent and expire.

Eager for the accomplishment of his wish that he might himself take his cause before God, and as though in imagination it were so, he invites the friends to be present to hear his defence of himself. מלּה (in Arabic directly used for confession equals religion) is the confession which he will lay down, and אחוה the declaration that he will make in evidence, i.e., the proof of his innocence. The latter substantive, which signifies brotherly conduct in post-biblical Hebrew, is here an ἅπ. λεγ. from חוה, not however with Aleph prostheticum from Kal, but after the form אזכּרה equals הזכּרה, from the Aphl equals Hiphil of this verb, which, except Psalm 19:3, occurs only in the book of Job as Hebrew (comp. the n. actionis, אחויה, Daniel 5:12), Ewald, 156, c. It is unnecessary to carry the שׁמעוּ on to Job 13:17 (hear now ... with your own ears, as e.g., Jeremiah 26:11); Job 13:17 is an independent substantival clause like Job 15:11; Isaiah 5:9, which carries in itself the verbal idea of תּהי or תּבא (Psalm 18:7). They shall hear, for on his part he has arranged, i.e., prepared (משׁפּט ערך, causam instruere, as Job 23:4, comp. Job 33:5) the cause, so that the action can begin forthwith; and he knows that he, he and no one else, will be found in the right. With the conviction of this superiority, he exclaims, Who in all the world could contend with him, i.e., advance valid arguments against his defence of himself? Then, indeed, if this impossibility should happen, he would be dumb, and willingly die as one completely overpowered not merely in outward appearance, but in reality vanquished. יריב עמדי following הוא מי (comp. Job 4:7) may be taken as an elliptical relative clause: qui litigare possit mecum (comp. Isaiah 50:9 with Romans 8:34, τίς ὁ καταδρίνων); but since זה הוא מי is also used in the sense of quis tandem or ecquisnam, this syntactic connection which certainly did exist (Ewald, 325, a) is obliterated, and הוא serves like זה only to give intensity and vividness to the מי. On עתּה כּי (in meaning not different to אז כּי), vid., Job 3:13; Job 8:6. In Job 13:19 that is granted as possible which, according to the declaration of his conscience, Job must consider as absolutely impossible. Therefore he clings to the desire of being able to bring his cause before God, and becomes more and more absorbed in the thought.

Job 13:23 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

many

Job 22:5 Is not your wickedness great? and your iniquities infinite?

Psalm 44:20,21 If we have forgotten the name of our God, or stretched out our hands to a strange god...

make me

Job 36:8,9 And if they be bound in fetters, and be held in cords of affliction...

Psalm 139:23 Search me, O God, and know my heart: try me, and know my thoughts:

Cross References
Job 7:21
Why do you not pardon my transgression and take away my iniquity? For now I shall lie in the earth; you will seek me, but I shall not be."

Job 33:9
You say, 'I am pure, without transgression; I am clean, and there is no iniquity in me.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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