Job 12:19
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
He leads priests away stripped and overthrows the mighty.

King James Bible
He leadeth princes away spoiled, and overthroweth the mighty.

American Standard Version
He leadeth priests away stripped, And overthroweth the mighty.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He leadeth away priests without glory, and overthroweth nobles.

English Revised Version
He leadeth priests away spoiled, and overthroweth the mighty.

Webster's Bible Translation
He leadeth princes away spoiled, and overthroweth the mighty.

Job 12:19 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

11 Shall not the ear try sayings,

As the palate tasteth food?

12 Among the ancients is wisdom,

And long life is understanding.

13 With Him is wisdom and strength;

Counsel and understanding are His.

The meaning of Job 12:11 is, that the sayings (מלּין, Job 8:10, comp. Job 5:27) of the ancients are not to be accepted without being proved; the waw in וחך is waw adaequationis, as Job 5:7; Job 11:12, therefore equivalent to quemadmodum; it places together for comparison things that are analogous: The ear, which is used here like αἰθητήριον (Hebrews 5:14), has the task of searching out and testing weighty sayings, as the palate by tasting has to find out delicious and suitable food; this is indicated by לו, the dat. commodi. So far Job recognises the authority of these traditional sayings. At any rate, he adds (Job 12:12): wisdom is to be expected from the hoary-headed, and length of life is understanding, i.e., it accompanies length of life. "Length of days" may thus be taken as the subject (Ewald, Olsh.); but בּ may also, with the old translations and expositors, be carried forward from the preceding clause: ἐν δὲ πολλῷ βίῳ ἐπιστήμη (lxx). We prefer, as the most natural: long life is a school of understanding. But - such is the antithesis in Job 12:13 which belongs to this strophe - the highest possessor of wisdom, as of might, is God. Ewald inserts two self-made couplets before Job 12:12, which in his opinion are required both by the connection and "the structure of the strophe;" we see as little need for this interpolation here as before, Job 6:14. עמּו and לו, which are placed first for the sake of emphasis, manifestly introduce an antithesis; and it is evident from the antithesis, that the One who is placed in contrast to the many men of experience is God. Wisdom is found among the ancients, although their sayings are not to be always implicitly accepted; but wisdom belongs to God as an attribute of His nature, and indeed absolutely, i.e., on every side, and without measure, as the piling up of synonymous expressions implies: חכמה, which perceives the reason of the nature, and the reality of the existence, of things; עצה, which is never perplexed as to the best way of attaining its purpose; תּבוּנה, which can penetrate to the bottom of what is true and false, sound and corrupt (comp. 1 Kings 3:9); and also גּבוּרה, which is able to carry out the plans, purposes, and decisions of this wisdom against all hindrance and opposition.

In the strophe which follows, from his own observation and from traditional knowledge (Job 13:1), Job describes the working of God, as the unsearchably wise and the irresistibly mighty One, both among men and in nature.

Job 12:19 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Joshua 10:24,42 And it came to pass, when they brought out those kings to Joshua, that Joshua called for all the men of Israel...

1 Samuel 17:45,46 Then said David to the Philistine, You come to me with a sword, and with a spear, and with a shield...

Isaiah 37:36-38 Then the angel of the LORD went forth, and smote in the camp of the Assyrians a hundred and fourscore and five thousand...

Isaiah 45:1 Thus said the LORD to his anointed, to Cyrus, whose right hand I have held, to subdue nations before him...

Revelation 17:14 These shall make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb shall overcome them: for he is Lord of lords, and King of kings...

Revelation 19:19-21 And I saw the beast, and the kings of the earth, and their armies, gathered together to make war against him that sat on the horse...

Cross References
Job 19:9
He has stripped from me my glory and taken the crown from my head.

Job 21:7
Why do the wicked live, reach old age, and grow mighty in power?

Job 22:8
The man with power possessed the land, and the favored man lived in it.

Job 24:22
Yet God prolongs the life of the mighty by his power; they rise up when they despair of life.

Job 34:20
In a moment they die; at midnight the people are shaken and pass away, and the mighty are taken away by no human hand.

Job 34:24
He shatters the mighty without investigation and sets others in their place.

Job 35:9
"Because of the multitude of oppressions people cry out; they call for help because of the arm of the mighty.

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