James 1:15
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Then desire when it has conceived gives birth to sin, and sin when it is fully grown brings forth death.

King James Bible
Then when lust hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin: and sin, when it is finished, bringeth forth death.

American Standard Version
Then the lust, when it hath conceived, beareth sin: and the sin, when it is fullgrown, bringeth forth death.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Then when concupiscence hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin. But sin, when it is completed, begetteth death.

English Revised Version
Then the lust, when it hath conceived, beareth sin: and the sin, when it is fullgrown, bringeth forth death.

Webster's Bible Translation
Then when lust hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin: and sin, when it is finished, bringeth forth death.

Weymouth New Testament
Then the passion conceives, and becomes the parent of sin; and sin, when fully matured, gives birth to death.

James 1:15 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

The lust

Note the article, omitted in A. V. The peculiar lust of his own.

Hath conceived (συλλαβοῦσα)

Lit., having conceived.

Bringeth forth (τίκτει)

Metaphor of the mother. Rev., beareth.

When it is finished (ἀποτελεσθεῖσα)

Better, Rev., when it is full grown. Not when the course of a sinful life is completed; but when sin has reached its full development.

Bringeth forth (ἀποκύει)

A different verb from the preceding, bringeth forth. Rev. has rendered τίκτει, beareth, in order to avoid the repetition of bringeth forth. The verb is used by James only, here and at James 1:18. The image is interpreted in two ways. Either (1) Sin, figured as female, is already pregnant with death, and, when full grown, bringeth forth death (so Rev., and the majority of commentators). "The harlot, Lust, draws away and entices the man. The guilty union is committed by the will embracing the temptress: the consequence is that she beareth sin....Then the sin, that particular sin, when grown up, herself, as if all along pregnant with it, bringeth forth death" (Alford). Or (2) Sin, figured as male, when it has reached maturity, becomes the begetter of death. So the Vulgate, generat, and Wyc., gendereth. I am inclined to prefer this, since the other seems somewhat forced. It has the high endorsement of Bishop Lightfoot. There is a suggestive parallel passage in the "Agamemnon" of Aeschylus, 751-771:

"There is a saying old,

Uttered in ancient days,

That human bliss, full grown,

Genders, and dies not childless:

continued...

James 1:15 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

when.

Genesis 3:6 And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise...

Genesis 4:5-8 But to Cain and to his offering he had not respect. And Cain was very wroth, and his countenance fell...

Job 15:35 They conceive mischief, and bring forth vanity, and their belly prepares deceit.

Psalm 7:14 Behold, he travails with iniquity, and has conceived mischief, and brought forth falsehood.

Isaiah 59:4 None calls for justice, nor any pleads for truth: they trust in vanity, and speak lies; they conceive mischief...

Micah 2:1-3 Woe to them that devise iniquity, and work evil on their beds! when the morning is light, they practice it...

Matthew 26:14,48-59 Then one of the twelve, called Judas Iscariot, went to the chief priests...

Acts 5:1-3 But a certain man named Ananias, with Sapphira his wife, sold a possession...

sin, when.

Genesis 2:17 But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, you shall not eat of it: for in the day that you eat thereof you shall surely die.

Genesis 3:17-19 And to Adam he said, Because you have listened to the voice of your wife, and have eaten of the tree, of which I commanded you, saying...

Psalm 9:17 The wicked shall be turned into hell, and all the nations that forget God.

Romans 5:12-21 Why, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed on all men, for that all have sinned...

Romans 6:21-23 What fruit had you then in those things whereof you are now ashamed? for the end of those things is death...

Revelation 20:14,15 And death and hell were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death...

Cross References
Genesis 2:17
but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat of it you shall surely die."

Genesis 3:6
So when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was to be desired to make one wise, she took of its fruit and ate, and she also gave some to her husband who was with her, and he ate.

2 Samuel 11:4
So David sent messengers and took her, and she came to him, and he lay with her. (Now she had been purifying herself from her uncleanness.) Then she returned to her house.

Job 15:35
They conceive trouble and give birth to evil, and their womb prepares deceit."

Psalm 7:14
Behold, the wicked man conceives evil and is pregnant with mischief and gives birth to lies.

Proverbs 11:19
Whoever is steadfast in righteousness will live, but he who pursues evil will die.

Isaiah 33:11
You conceive chaff; you give birth to stubble; your breath is a fire that will consume you.

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