Isaiah 58:3
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
‘Why have we fasted, and you see it not? Why have we humbled ourselves, and you take no knowledge of it?’ Behold, in the day of your fast you seek your own pleasure, and oppress all your workers.

King James Bible
Wherefore have we fasted, say they, and thou seest not? wherefore have we afflicted our soul, and thou takest no knowledge? Behold, in the day of your fast ye find pleasure, and exact all your labours.

American Standard Version
Wherefore have we fasted,'say they , and thou seest not? wherefore have we afflicted our soul, and thou takest no knowledge? Behold, in the day of your fast ye find your own pleasure, and exact all your labors.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Why have we fasted, and thou hast not regarded: have we humbled our souls, and thou hast not taken notice? Behold in the day of your fast your own will is found, and you exact of all your debtors.

English Revised Version
Wherefore have we fasted, say they, and thou seest not? wherefore have we afflicted our soul, and thou takest no knowledge? Behold, in the day of your fast ye find your own pleasure, and exact all your labours.

Webster's Bible Translation
Why have we fasted, say they, and thou seest not? why have we afflicted our soul, and thou takest no knowledge? Behold, in the day of your fast ye find pleasure, and exact all your labors.

Isaiah 58:3 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

This general law of His action is most especially the law of His conduct towards Israel, in which such grievous effects of its well-deserved punishment are apparent, and effects so different from those intended, that the compassion of God feels impelled to put an end to the punishment for the good of all that are susceptible of salvation. "And because of the iniquity of its selfishness, I was wroth, and smote it; hiding myself, and being angry: then it went on, turning away in the way of its own heart. I have seen its ways, and will heal it; and will lead it, and afford consolations to it, and to its mourning ones." The fundamental and chief sin of Israel is here called בּצע, lit., a cut of slice ( equals gain, Isaiah 56:11); then, like πλεονεξία, which is "idolatry" according to Colossians 3:5, or like φιλαργυρία, which is "the root of all evil" according to 1 Timothy 6:10, greedy desire for worldly possession, self-seeking, or worldliness generally. The future ואכּהוּ, standing as it does by the side of the perfect here, indicates that which is also past; and ואקצף stands in the place of a second gerund: abscondendo (viz., pânai, my face, Isaiah 54:8) et stomachando. When Jehovah had thus wrathfully hidden His gracious countenance from Israel, and withdrawn His gracious presence out of the midst of Israel (Hosea 5:6, מהם חל), it went away from Him (שׁובב with שׁובב, like עולל with עולל), going its own ways like the world of nations that had been left to themselves. But Jehovah had not seen these wanderings without pity. The futures which follow are promising, not by virtue of any syntactic necessity, but by virtue of an inward necessity. He will heal His wounded (Isaiah 1:4-6) and languishing people, and lead in the right way those that are going astray, and afford them consolation as a recompense for their long sufferings (נחוּמים is derived from the piel נחם, and not, as in Hosea 11:8, from the hiphal hinnâchēm, in the sense of "feelings of sympathy"), especially (Vav epexeget.; Ges. 155, 1) its mourning ones (Isaiah 61:2-3; Isaiah 66:10), i.e., those who punishment has brought to repentance, and rendered desirous of salvation.

Isaiah 58:3 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

have we fasted

Numbers 23:4 And God met Balaam: and he said to him, I have prepared seven altars, and I have offered on every altar a bullock and a ram.

Micah 3:9-11 Hear this, I pray you, you heads of the house of Jacob, and princes of the house of Israel, that abhor judgment...

Zechariah 7:5-7 Speak to all the people of the land, and to the priests, saying, When you fasted and mourned in the fifth and seventh month...

Malachi 3:14 You have said, It is vain to serve God: and what profit is it that we have kept his ordinance...

Matthew 20:11,12 And when they had received it, they murmured against the manager of the house...

Luke 15:29 And he answering said to his father, See, these many years do I serve you, neither transgressed I at any time your commandment...

Luke 18:9-12 And he spoke this parable to certain which trusted in themselves that they were righteous, and despised others...

afflicted

Leviticus 16:29,31 And this shall be a statute for ever to you: that in the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, you shall afflict your souls...

Leviticus 23:27 Also on the tenth day of this seventh month there shall be a day of atonement: it shall be an holy convocation to you...

Psalm 69:10 When I wept, and chastened my soul with fasting, that was to my reproach.

in

Daniel 10:2,3 In those days I Daniel was mourning three full weeks...

Jonah 3:6-8 For word came to the king of Nineveh, and he arose from his throne, and he laid his robe from him, and covered him with sackcloth...

exact

Nehemiah 5:7 Then I consulted with myself, and I rebuked the nobles, and the rulers, and said to them, You exact usury, every one of his brother...

Proverbs 28:9 He that turns away his ear from hearing the law, even his prayer shall be abomination.

Jeremiah 34:9-17 That every man should let his manservant, and every man his maidservant, being an Hebrew or an Hebrewess, go free...

Matthew 18:28-35 But the same servant went out, and found one of his fellow servants, which owed him an hundred pence: and he laid hands on him...

labours. or, things wherewith ye grieve others. Heb. griefs

Isaiah 47:6 I was wroth with my people, I have polluted my inheritance, and given them into your hand: you did show them no mercy...

Exodus 2:23,24 And it came to pass in process of time, that the king of Egypt died: and the children of Israel sighed by reason of the bondage...

Cross References
Luke 18:12
I fast twice a week; I give tithes of all that I get.'

Leviticus 16:31
It is a Sabbath of solemn rest to you, and you shall afflict yourselves; it is a statute forever.

Ezra 8:21
Then I proclaimed a fast there, at the river Ahava, that we might humble ourselves before our God, to seek from him a safe journey for ourselves, our children, and all our goods.

Isaiah 22:12
In that day the Lord GOD of hosts called for weeping and mourning, for baldness and wearing sackcloth;

Isaiah 22:13
and behold, joy and gladness, killing oxen and slaughtering sheep, eating flesh and drinking wine. "Let us eat and drink, for tomorrow we die."

Zechariah 7:5
"Say to all the people of the land and the priests, 'When you fasted and mourned in the fifth month and in the seventh, for these seventy years, was it for me that you fasted?

Zechariah 7:6
And when you eat and when you drink, do you not eat for yourselves and drink for yourselves?

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