Isaiah 5:17
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Then shall the lambs graze as in their pasture, and nomads shall eat among the ruins of the rich.

King James Bible
Then shall the lambs feed after their manner, and the waste places of the fat ones shall strangers eat.

American Standard Version
Then shall the lambs feed as in their pasture, and the waste places of the fat ones shall wanderers eat.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the lambs shall feed according to their order, and strangers shall eat the deserts turned into fruitfulness.

English Revised Version
Then shall the lambs feed as in their pasture, and the waste places of the fat ones shall wanderers eat.

Webster's Bible Translation
Then shall the lambs feed after their manner, and the waste places of the fat ones shall strangers eat.

Isaiah 5:17 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The second woe, for which the curse about to fall upon vinedressing (Isaiah 5:10) prepared the way by the simple association of ideas, is directed against the debauchees, who in their carnal security carried on their excesses even in the daylight. "Woe unto them that rise up early in the morning to run after strong drink; who continue till late at night with wine inflaming them!" Boker (from bâkar, bakara, to slit, to tear up, or split) is the break of day; and nesheph (from nâshaph, to blow) the cool of the evening, including the night (Isaiah 21:4; Isaiah 59:10); 'ichr, to continue till late, as in Proverbs 23:30 : the construct state before words with a preposition, as in Isaiah 9:2; Isaiah 28:9, and many other passages (Ges. 116, 1). Shēcâr, in connection with yayin, is the general name for every other kind of strong drink, more especially for wines made artificially from fruit, honey, raisins, dates, etc., including barley-wine (οἶνος κρίθινος) or beer (ἐκ κριθῶν μέθυ in Aeschylus, also called βρῦτον βρυτόν ζῦθος ζύθος, and by many other names), a beverage known in Egypt, which was half a wine country and half a beer country, from as far back as the time of the Pharaohs. The form shēcâr is composed, like ענב (with the fore-tone tsere), from shâcar, to intoxicate; according to the Arabic, literally to close by stopping up, i.e., to stupefy.

(Note: It is a question, therefore, whether the name of sugar is related to it or not. The Arabic sakar corresponds to the Hebrew shecâr; but sugar is called sukkar, Pers. 'sakkar, 'sakar, no doubt equivalent to σἀκχαρι (Arrian in Periplus, μἐλι τὸ καλἀμινον τὸ λεγὀμενου σἀκχαρι), saccharum, an Indian word, which is pronounced Carkarâ in Sanscrit and sakkara in Prakrit, and signifies "forming broken pieces," i.e., sugar in grains or small lumps (brown sugar). The art of boiling sugar from the cane was an Indian invention (see Lassen, Indische Alterthumskunde, i. 269ff.). The early Egyptian name for beer is hek (Brugsch, Recueil, p. 118); the demotic and hieratic name henk, the Coptic henke. The word ζῦθος ζὐθος) is also old Egyptian. In the Book of the Dead (79, 8) the deceased says, "I have taken sacrificial cakes from the table, I have drunk seth-t in the evening." Moses Stuart wrote an Essay upon the Wines and Strong Drinks of the Ancient Hebrews, which was published in London (1831), with a preface by J. Pye Smith.)

The clauses after the two participles are circumstantial clauses (Ewald, 341, b), indicating the circumstances under which they ran out so early, and sat till long after dark: they hunted after mead, they heated themselves with wine, namely, to drown the consciousness of their deeds of darkness.

Isaiah 5:17 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

shall the lambs

Isaiah 7:21,22,25 And it shall come to pass in that day, that a man shall nourish a young cow, and two sheep...

Isaiah 17:2 The cities of Aroer are forsaken: they shall be for flocks, which shall lie down, and none shall make them afraid.

Isaiah 32:14 Because the palaces shall be forsaken; the multitude of the city shall be left; the forts and towers shall be for dens for ever...

Isaiah 40:11 He shall feed his flock like a shepherd: he shall gather the lambs with his arm, and carry them in his bosom...

Isaiah 65:10 And Sharon shall be a fold of flocks, and the valley of Achor a place for the herds to lie down in, for my people that have sought me.

Zephaniah 2:6,14 And the sea coast shall be dwellings and cottages for shepherds, and folds for flocks...

the waste

Isaiah 10:16 Therefore shall the Lord, the Lord of hosts, send among his fat ones leanness...

Deuteronomy 32:15 But Jeshurun waxed fat, and kicked: you are waxen fat, you are grown thick, you are covered with fatness...

Psalm 17:10,14 They are enclosed in their own fat: with their mouth they speak proudly...

Psalm 73:7 Their eyes stand out with fatness: they have more than heart could wish.

Psalm 119:70 Their heart is as fat as grease; but I delight in your law.

Jeremiah 5:28 They are waxen fat, they shine: yes, they overpass the deeds of the wicked: they judge not the cause, the cause of the fatherless...

Amos 4:1-3 Hear this word, you cows of Bashan, that are in the mountain of Samaria, which oppress the poor, which crush the needy...

strangers

Isaiah 1:7 Your country is desolate, your cities are burned with fire: your land, strangers devour it in your presence, and it is desolate...

Deuteronomy 28:33 The fruit of your land, and all your labors, shall a nation which you know not eat up...

Nehemiah 9:37 And it yields much increase to the kings whom you have set over us because of our sins: also they have dominion over our bodies...

Lamentations 5:2 Our inheritance is turned to strangers, our houses to aliens.

Hosea 8:7 For they have sown the wind, and they shall reap the whirlwind: it has no stalk; the bud shall yield no meal: if so be it yield...

Luke 21:24 And they shall fall by the edge of the sword, and shall be led away captive into all nations...

Cross References
Isaiah 7:25
And as for all the hills that used to be hoed with a hoe, you will not come there for fear of briers and thorns, but they will become a place where cattle are let loose and where sheep tread.

Hosea 4:16
Like a stubborn heifer, Israel is stubborn; can the LORD now feed them like a lamb in a broad pasture?

Micah 2:12
I will surely assemble all of you, O Jacob; I will gather the remnant of Israel; I will set them together like sheep in a fold, like a flock in its pasture, a noisy multitude of men.

Zephaniah 2:6
And you, O seacoast, shall be pastures, with meadows for shepherds and folds for flocks.

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