Isaiah 48:10
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Behold, I have refined you, but not as silver; I have tried you in the furnace of affliction.

King James Bible
Behold, I have refined thee, but not with silver; I have chosen thee in the furnace of affliction.

American Standard Version
Behold, I have refined thee, but not as silver; I have chosen thee in the furnace of affliction.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Behold I have refined thee, but not as silver, I have chosen thee in the furnace of poverty.

English Revised Version
Behold, I have refined thee, but not as silver; I have chosen thee in the furnace of affliction.

Webster's Bible Translation
Behold, I have refined thee, but not with silver; I have chosen thee in the furnace of affliction.

Isaiah 48:10 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

After this summons, and description of those who are summoned, the address of Jehovah begins. "The first I have long ago proclaimed, and it has gone forth out of my mouth, and I caused it to be heard. I carried it out suddenly, and it came to pass. Because I knew that thou art hard, and thy neck an iron clasp, and thy brow of brass; I proclaimed it to thee long ago; before it came to pass, I caused thee to hear it, that thou mightest not say, My idol has done it, and my graven image and molten image commanded it." The word הראשׁנות in itself signifies simply priora; and then, according to the context, it signifies prius facta (Isaiah 46:9), or prius praedicta (Isaiah 43:9), or prius eventura (Isaiah 41:22; Isaiah 42:9). In the present passage it refers to earlier occurrences, which Jehovah had foretold, and, when the time fixed for their accomplishment arrived, which He had immediately brought to pass. With a retrospective glance at this, we find plural masc. suffixes (cf., Isaiah 41:27) used interchangeably with plural fem. (cf., Isaiah 48:7 and Isaiah 38:16); the prophet more frequently uses the sing. fem. in this neuter sense (Isaiah 41:20; Isaiah 42:23, etc.), and also, though very rarely, the sing. masc. (Isaiah 45:8). On gı̄d, a band, a sinew, but here a clasp (cf., Arab. kaid, a fetter), see Psychology, p. 233. Nechūshâh is a poetical equivalent for nechōsheth, as in Isaiah 45:2. The heathen cravings of Israel, which reached into the captivity, are here presupposed. Hengstenberg is mistaken in his supposition, that the prophet's standpoint is always anterior to the captivity when he speaks in condemnation of idolatry. We cannot draw any conclusion from the character of the community that returned, with regard to that of the people of the captivity generally. The great mass even of Judah, and still more of Israel, remained behind, and became absorbed into the heathen, to whom they became more and more assimilated. And does not Ezekiel expressly state in Ezekiel 20:30., that the golah by the Chaboras defiled themselves with the same abominations of idolatry as their fathers, and that the prevailing disposition was to combine the worship of Jehovah with heathenism, or else to exchange the former altogether for the latter? And we know that it was just the same with the exiles in Egypt, among whom the life and labours of Jeremiah terminated. Wherever the prophet speaks of פשׁעים and רשׁעים, these names invariably include a tendency or falling away to Babylonian idolatry, to which he describes the exiles as having been addicted, both in Isaiah 66:17 and elsewhere.

Isaiah 48:10 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

I have refined

Isaiah 1:25,26 And I will turn my hand on you, and purely purge away your dross, and take away all your tin...

Job 23:10 But he knows the way that I take: when he has tried me, I shall come forth as gold.

Psalm 66:10 For you, O God, have proved us: you have tried us, as silver is tried.

Proverbs 17:3 The fining pot is for silver, and the furnace for gold: but the LORD tries the hearts.

Jeremiah 9:7 Therefore thus said the LORD of hosts, Behold, I will melt them, and try them; for how shall I do for the daughter of my people?

Ezekiel 20:38 And I will purge out from among you the rebels, and them that transgress against me...

Ezekiel 22:18-22 Son of man, the house of Israel is to me become dross: all they are brass, and tin, and iron, and lead, in the middle of the furnace...

Zechariah 13:8,9 And it shall come to pass, that in all the land, said the LORD, two parts therein shall be cut off and die...

Malachi 3:2,3 But who may abide the day of his coming? and who shall stand when he appears? for he is like a refiner's fire, and like fullers' soap...

Hebrews 12:10,11 For they truly for a few days chastened us after their own pleasure; but he for our profit, that we might be partakers of his holiness...

1 Peter 1:7 That the trial of your faith, being much more precious than of gold that perishes, though it be tried with fire...

1 Peter 4:12 Beloved, think it not strange concerning the fiery trial which is to try you, as though some strange thing happened to you:

Revelation 3:19 As many as I love, I rebuke and chasten: be zealous therefore, and repent.

with silver, or, for silver
I have chosen

Deuteronomy 4:20 But the LORD has taken you, and brought you forth out of the iron furnace, even out of Egypt, to be to him a people of inheritance...

Cross References
Deuteronomy 4:20
But the LORD has taken you and brought you out of the iron furnace, out of Egypt, to be a people of his own inheritance, as you are this day.

1 Kings 8:51
(for they are your people, and your heritage, which you brought out of Egypt, from the midst of the iron furnace).

Psalm 66:10
For you, O God, have tested us; you have tried us as silver is tried.

Isaiah 27:9
Therefore by this the guilt of Jacob will be atoned for, and this will be the full fruit of the removal of his sin: when he makes all the stones of the altars like chalkstones crushed to pieces, no Asherim or incense altars will remain standing.

Jeremiah 9:7
Therefore thus says the LORD of hosts: "Behold, I will refine them and test them, for what else can I do, because of my people?

Jeremiah 11:4
that I commanded your fathers when I brought them out of the land of Egypt, from the iron furnace, saying, Listen to my voice, and do all that I command you. So shall you be my people, and I will be your God,

Ezekiel 22:18
"Son of man, the house of Israel has become dross to me; all of them are bronze and tin and iron and lead in the furnace; they are dross of silver.

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