Isaiah 42:3
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
a bruised reed he will not break, and a faintly burning wick he will not quench; he will faithfully bring forth justice.

King James Bible
A bruised reed shall he not break, and the smoking flax shall he not quench: he shall bring forth judgment unto truth.

American Standard Version
A bruised reed will he not break, and a dimly burning wick will he not quench: he will bring forth justice in truth.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The bruised reed he shall not break, and smoking flax he shall not quench: he shall bring forth judgment unto truth.

English Revised Version
A bruised reed shall he not break, and the smoking flax shall he not quench: he shall bring forth judgment in truth.

Webster's Bible Translation
A bruised reed shall he not break, and the smoking flax shall he not quench: he shall bring forth judgment to truth.

Isaiah 42:3 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

As Isaiah 41:25 points back to the first charge against the heathen and their gods (Isaiah 41:2-7), so Isaiah 41:26-28 point back to the second. Not only did Jehovah manifest Himself as the Universal Ruler in the waking up of Cyrus, but as the Omniscient Ruler also. "Who hath made it known from the beginning, we will acknowledge it, and from former time, we will say He is in the right?! Yea, there was none that made known; yea, none that caused to hear; yea, none that heard your words. As the first I saith to Zion, Behold, behold, there it is: and I bestow evangelists upon Jerusalem. And I looked, and there was no man; and of these there was no one answering whom I would ask, and who would give me an answer." If any one of the heathen deities had foretold this appearance of Cyrus so long before as at the very commencement of that course of history which had thus reached its goal, Jehovah with His people, being thus taught by experience, would admit and acknowledge their divinity. מראשׁ is used in the same sense as in Isaiah 48:16 : and also in Isaiah 41:4 and Isaiah 40:21, where it refers according to the context in each case, to the beginning of the particular line of history. צדּיק signifies either "he is right," i.e., in the right (compare the Arabic siddik, genuine), or in a neuter sense, "it is right" ( equals true), i.e., the claim to divine honours is really founded upon divine performances. But there was not one who had proclaimed it, or who gave a single sound of himself; no one had heard anything of the kind from them. אין receives a retrospective character from the connection; and bearing this in mind, the participles may be also resolved into imperfects. The repeated אף, passing beyond what is set down as possible, declares the reality of the very opposite. What Jehovah thus proves the idols to want, He can lay claim to for Himself. In Isaiah 41:27 we need not assume that there is any hyperbaton, as Louis de Dieu, Rosenmller, and others have done: "I first will give to Zion and Jerusalem one bringing glad tidings: behold, behold them." After what has gone before in Isaiah 41:26 we may easily supply אמרתּי, "I said," in Isaiah 41:27 (compare Isaiah 8:19; Isaiah 14:16; Isaiah 27:2), not אמר, for the whole comparison drawn by Jehovah between Himself and the idols is retrospective, and looks back from the fulfilment in progress to the prophecies relating to it. The only reply that we can look for to the question in Isaiah 41:26 is not, "I on the contrary do it," but "I did it." At the same time, the rendering is a correct one: "Behold, behold them" (illa; for the neuter use of the masculine, compare Isaiah 48:3; Isaiah 38:16; Isaiah 45:8). "As the first," Jehovah replies (i.e., without any one anticipating me), "Have I spoken to Zion: behold, behold, there it is," pointing with the finger of prophecy to the coming salvation, which is here regarded as present; "and I gave to Jerusalem messengers of joy;" i.e., long ago, before what is now approaching could be known by any one, I foretold to my church, through the medium of prophets, the glad tidings of the deliverance from Babylon. If the author of chapters 40-66 were a prophet of the captivity, his reference here would be to such prophecies as Isaiah 11:11 (where Shinar is mentioned as a land of dispersion), and more especially still Micah 4:10, "There in Babylon wilt thou be delivered, there will Jehovah redeem thee out of the hand of thine enemies;" but if Isaiah were the author, he is looking back from the ideal standpoint of the time of the captivity, and of Cyrus more especially, to his own prophecies before the captivity (such as Isaiah 13:1-14:23, and Isaiah 21:1-10), just as Ezekiel, when prophesying of Gog and Magog, looks back in Isaiah 38:17 fro the ideal standpoint of this remote future, more especially to his own prophecies in relation to it. In that case the mebhassēr, or evangelist, more especially referred to is the prophet himself (Grotius and Stier), namely, as being the foreteller of those prophets to whom the commission in Isaiah 40:1, "Comfort ye, comfort ye," is addressed, and who are greeted in Isaiah 52:7-8 as the bearers of the joyful news of the existing fulfilment of the deliverance that has appeared, and therefore as the mebhassēr or evangelist of the future מבשׂרים. In any case, it follows from Isaiah 41:26, Isaiah 41:27 that the overthrow of Babylon and the redemption of Israel had long before been proclaimed by Jehovah through His prophets; and if our exposition is correct so far, the futures in Isaiah 41:28 are to be taken as imperfects: And I looked round (וארא, a voluntative in the hypothetical protasis, Ges. 128, 2), and there was no one (who announced anything of the kind); and of these (the idols) there was no adviser (with regard to the future, Numbers 24:14), and none whom I could ask, and who answered me (the questioner). Consequently, just as the raising up of Cyrus proclaimed the sole omnipotence of Jehovah, so did the fact that the deliverance of Zion-Jerusalem, for which the raising up of Cyrus prepared the way, had been predicted by Him long before, proclaim His sole omniscience.

Isaiah 42:3 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

bruised

Isaiah 35:3,4 Strengthen you the weak hands, and confirm the feeble knees...

Isaiah 40:11,29-31 He shall feed his flock like a shepherd: he shall gather the lambs with his arm, and carry them in his bosom...

Isaiah 50:4,10 The Lord GOD has given me the tongue of the learned, that I should know how to speak a word in season to him that is weary...

Isaiah 57:15-18 For thus said the high and lofty One that inhabits eternity, whose name is Holy; I dwell in the high and holy place...

Isaiah 61:1-3 The Spirit of the Lord GOD is on me; because the LORD has anointed me to preach good tidings to the meek...

Isaiah 66:2 For all those things has my hand made, and all those things have been, said the LORD: but to this man will I look...

Psalm 103:13,14 Like as a father pities his children, so the LORD pities them that fear him...

Psalm 147:3 He heals the broken in heart, and binds up their wounds.

Jeremiah 30:12-17 For thus said the LORD, Your bruise is incurable, and your wound is grievous...

Jeremiah 31:18-20,25 I have surely heard Ephraim bemoaning himself thus; You have chastised me, and I was chastised, as a bullock unaccustomed to the yoke...

Ezekiel 34:16 I will seek that which was lost, and bring again that which was driven away, and will bind up that which was broken...

Matthew 11:28 Come to me, all you that labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest.

Matthew 18:11-14 For the Son of man is come to save that which was lost...

Luke 22:31,32 And the Lord said, Simon, Simon, behold, Satan has desired to have you, that he may sift you as wheat...

John 20:19-21,27 Then the same day at evening, being the first day of the week...

Hebrews 2:17,18 Why in all things it behooved him to be made like to his brothers...

smoking. or, dimly burning
quench. Heb. quench it.
he shall

Isaiah 11:3,4 And shall make him of quick understanding in the fear of the LORD: and he shall not judge after the sight of his eyes...

Psalm 72:2-4 He shall judge your people with righteousness, and your poor with judgment...

Psalm 96:13 Before the LORD: for he comes, for he comes to judge the earth: he shall judge the world with righteousness...

Psalm 98:9 Before the LORD; for he comes to judge the earth: with righteousness shall he judge the world, and the people with equity.

Micah 7:9 I will bear the indignation of the LORD, because I have sinned against him, until he plead my cause, and execute judgment for me...

John 5:30 I can of my own self do nothing: as I hear, I judge: and my judgment is just; because I seek not my own will...

Revelation 19:11 And I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse; and he that sat on him was called Faithful and True...

Cross References
Matthew 12:20
a bruised reed he will not break, and a smoldering wick he will not quench, until he brings justice to victory;

Psalm 54:5
He will return the evil to my enemies; in your faithfulness put an end to them.

Psalm 72:2
May he judge your people with righteousness, and your poor with justice!

Psalm 72:4
May he defend the cause of the poor of the people, give deliverance to the children of the needy, and crush the oppressor!

Psalm 94:15
for justice will return to the righteous, and all the upright in heart will follow it.

Psalm 96:13
before the LORD, for he comes, for he comes to judge the earth. He will judge the world in righteousness, and the peoples in his faithfulness.

Isaiah 9:7
Of the increase of his government and of peace there will be no end, on the throne of David and over his kingdom, to establish it and to uphold it with justice and with righteousness from this time forth and forevermore. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will do this.

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