Isaiah 41:8
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
But you, Israel, my servant, Jacob, whom I have chosen, the offspring of Abraham, my friend;

King James Bible
But thou, Israel, art my servant, Jacob whom I have chosen, the seed of Abraham my friend.

American Standard Version
But thou, Israel, my servant, Jacob whom I have chosen, the seed of Abraham my friend,

Douay-Rheims Bible
But thou Israel, art my servant, Jacob whom I have chosen, the seed of Abraham my friend:

English Revised Version
But thou, Israel, my servant, Jacob whom I have chosen, the seed of Abraham my friend;

Webster's Bible Translation
But thou, Israel, art my servant, Jacob whom I have chosen, the seed of Abraham my friend.

Isaiah 41:8 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The parties invited are now to be thought of as present, and Jehovah commences in Isaiah 41:2 : "Who hath raised up the man from the rising of the sun, whom justice meets at his foot, He giveth up nations before him, and kings He subdues, giveth men like the dust to his sword, and like driven stubble to his bow?" The sentence governed by "who" (mı̄) ends at leraglō (at his foot); at the same time, all that follows is spoken with the echo of the interrogative accent. The person raised up is Cyrus, who is afterwards mentioned by name. The coming one (if, that is to say, we adhere to the belief in Isaiah's authorship of these addresses) first approaches gradually within the horizon of the prophet's ideal present; and it is only little by little that the prophet becomes more intimately acquainted with a phenomenon which belongs to so distant a future, and has been brought so close to his own eyes. Jehovah has raised up the new great hero "from the east" (mimmizrâch), and, according to Isaiah 41:25, "from the north" also. Both of these were fulfilled; for Cyrus was a Persian belonging to the clan of Achaemenes (Hakhâmanis), which stood at the head of the tribe, or of the Pasargadae. He was the son of Cambyses; and even if the Median princess Mandane were not his mother, yet, according to nearly all the ancient accounts, he was connected with the royal house of Media; at any rate, after Astyages was dethroned, he became head and chief of the Medes as well as of the Persians (hence the name of "Mule" which was give to him by the oracle, and that given by Jerome, "agitator bigae"). Now Media was to the north of Babylonia, and Persia to the east; so that his victorious march, in which, even before the conquest of Babylon, he subjugated all the lands from the heights of Hinduku to the shores of the Aegean Sea, had for its starting-point both the east and north.

(Note: See Pahl'es Geschichte des Oriental. Alterthums. (1864), p. 170ff.)

The clause לרגלו יקראהוּ צדק is an attributive clause, and as such a virtual object: "him whom (supply עת־אשׁר) justice comes to meet (קרא) equals קרה, Ges. 75, vi.) on his track" (cf., Genesis 30:30; Job 18:11; Habakkuk 3:5). The idea of tsedeq is determined by what follows: Jehovah gives up nations before him, and causes kings to be trodden down (causative of râdâh). Accordingly, tsedeq is either to be understood here in an attributive sense, as denoting the justice exercised by a person (viz., the justice executed successfully by Cyrus, as the instrument of Jehovah, by the force of arms); or objectively of the justice awarded to a person (to which the idea of "meeting" is more appropriate), viz., the favourable result, the victory which procures justice for the just cause of the combatant. Rosenmller, Knobel, and others, are wrong in maintaining that tsedeq (tsedâqâh) in chapters 40-66 signifies primarily justice, and the prosperity and salvation as its reward. The word means straightness, justice, righteousness, and nothing more (from tsâdaq, to be hard, firm, extended, straight, e.g., rumh-un-tsadq, a hard, firm, and straight lance); but it has a double aspect, because justice consists, according to circumstances, of either wrath of favour, and therefore has sometimes the idea of the strict execution of justice, as in this instance, sometimes of a manifestation of justice in fidelity to promises, as in Isaiah 41:10. יתּן is repeated here in Isaiah 41:2 (just like וילמדהו in Isaiah 40:14) with the same subject, but in a different sense. To make sword and bow the subject, in the sense of "his sword gives (sc., 'the foe')," is a doubtful thing in itself; and as cherebh and qesheth are feminines, it is by no means advisable. Moreover, in other instances, the comparative כ leaves it to the reader to carry out the figure indicated according to his own fancy. And this is the case here: He (Jehovah) makes his sword as if there were dust, his bow as if there were hunted stubble (Bttcher), i.e., pounding the enemy like dust, and hunting it like flying stubble. Our text has כּעפר, but in certain codices we find כּעפר with tzere; and this reading, which is contrary to rule, has in its favour the express testimony of Moses the punctuator.

(Note: In his הנקוד דרכי (rules of pointing), with which the Masora finalis is surrounded.)

Isaiah 41:8 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

thou

Isaiah 43:1 But now thus said the LORD that created you, O Jacob, and he that formed you, O Israel, Fear not: for I have redeemed you...

Isaiah 44:1,2,21 Yet now hear, O Jacob my servant; and Israel, whom I have chosen...

Isaiah 48:12 Listen to me, O Jacob and Israel, my called; I am he; I am the first, I also am the last.

Isaiah 49:3 And said to me, You are my servant, O Israel, in whom I will be glorified.

Exodus 19:5,6 Now therefore, if you will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then you shall be a peculiar treasure to me above all people...

Leviticus 25:42 For they are my servants, which I brought forth out of the land of Egypt: they shall not be sold as slaves.

Deuteronomy 7:6-8 For you are an holy people to the LORD your God: the LORD your God has chosen you to be a special people to himself...

Deuteronomy 10:15 Only the LORD had a delight in your fathers to love them, and he chose their seed after them, even you above all people...

Deuteronomy 14:2 For you are an holy people to the LORD your God, and the LORD has chosen you to be a peculiar people to himself...

Psalm 33:12 Blessed is the nation whose God is the LORD; and the people whom he has chosen for his own inheritance.

Psalm 105:6,42-45 O you seed of Abraham his servant, you children of Jacob his chosen...

Psalm 135:4 For the LORD has chosen Jacob to himself, and Israel for his peculiar treasure.

Jeremiah 33:24 Consider you not what this people have spoken, saying, The two families which the LORD has chosen, he has even cast them off?...

the seed

Matthew 3:9 And think not to say within yourselves, We have Abraham to our father: for I say to you...

John 8:33-44 They answered him, We be Abraham's seed, and were never in bondage to any man: how say you, You shall be made free...

Romans 4:12,13 And the father of circumcision to them who are not of the circumcision only...

Romans 9:4-8 Who are Israelites; to whom pertains the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service of God...

Galatians 3:19 Why then serves the law? It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise was made...

Galatians 4:22-31 For it is written, that Abraham had two sons, the one by a female slave, the other by a free woman...

my friend

2 Chronicles 20:7 Are not you our God, who did drive out the inhabitants of this land before your people Israel...

John 15:14,15 You are my friends, if you do whatever I command you...

James 2:23 And the scripture was fulfilled which said, Abraham believed God, and it was imputed to him for righteousness...

Cross References
James 2:23
and the Scripture was fulfilled that says, "Abraham believed God, and it was counted to him as righteousness"--and he was called a friend of God.

2 Chronicles 20:7
Did you not, our God, drive out the inhabitants of this land before your people Israel, and give it forever to the descendants of Abraham your friend?

Psalm 136:22
a heritage to Israel his servant, for his steadfast love endures forever.

Isaiah 14:1
For the LORD will have compassion on Jacob and will again choose Israel, and will set them in their own land, and sojourners will join them and will attach themselves to the house of Jacob.

Isaiah 29:22
Therefore thus says the LORD, who redeemed Abraham, concerning the house of Jacob: "Jacob shall no more be ashamed, no more shall his face grow pale.

Isaiah 42:1
Behold my servant, whom I uphold, my chosen, in whom my soul delights; I have put my Spirit upon him; he will bring forth justice to the nations.

Isaiah 42:19
Who is blind but my servant, or deaf as my messenger whom I send? Who is blind as my dedicated one, or blind as the servant of the LORD?

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