Isaiah 28:3
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The proud crown of the drunkards of Ephraim will be trodden underfoot;

King James Bible
The crown of pride, the drunkards of Ephraim, shall be trodden under feet:

American Standard Version
The crown of pride of the drunkards of Ephraim shall be trodden under foot:

Douay-Rheims Bible
The crown of pride of the drunkards of Ephraim shall be trodden under feet.

English Revised Version
The crown of pride of the drunkards of Ephraim shall be trodden under foot:

Webster's Bible Translation
The crown of pride, the drunkards of Ephraim shall be trodden under feet.

Isaiah 28:3 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The prophet said this from out of the midst of the state of punishment, and was therefore able still further to confirm the fact, that the punishment would cease with the sin, by the punishment which followed the sin. "For the strong city is solitary, a dwelling given up and forsaken like the steppe: there calves feed, and there they lie down, and eat off its branches. When its branches become withered, they are broken: women come, make fires with them; for it is not a people of intelligence: therefore its Creator has no pity upon it, and its Former does not pardon it." The nation without any intelligence (Isaiah 1:3), of which Jehovah was the Creator and Former (Isaiah 22:11), is Israel; and therefore the fortress that has been destroyed is the city of Jerusalem. The standpoint of the prophet must therefore be beyond the destruction of Jerusalem, and in the midst of the captivity. If this appears strange for Isaiah, nearly every separate word in these two vv. rises up as a witness that it is Isaiah, and no other, who is speaking here (compare, as more general proofs, Isaiah 32:13-14, and Isaiah 5:17; and as more specific exemplifications, Isaiah 16:2, Isaiah 16:9; Isaiah 11:7, etc.). The suffix in "her branches" refers to the city, whose ruins were overgrown with bushes. Synonymous with סעפּים, branches (always written with dagesh in distinction from סעפים, clefts, Isaiah 2:21), is kâtzir, cuttings, equivalent to shoots that can be easily cut off. It was a mistake on the part of the early translators to take kâtzir in the sense of "harvest" (Vulg., Symm., Saad., though not the lxx or Luther). As kâtzir is a collective term here, signifying the whole mass of branches, the predicate can be written in the plural, tisshâbarnâh, which is not to be explained as a singular form, as in Isaiah 28:3. אותהּ, in the neuter sense, points back to this: women light it האיר, as in Malachi 1:10), i.e., make with it a lighting flame (אור) and a warming fire (אוּר, Isaiah 54:16). So desolate does Jerusalem lie, that in the very spot which once swarmed with men a calf now quietly eats the green foliage of the bushes that grow between the ruins; and in the place whence hostile armies had formerly been compelled to withdraw without accomplishing their purpose, women now come and supply themselves with wood without the slightest opposition.

Isaiah 28:3 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the crown

Isaiah 28:1 Woe to the crown of pride, to the drunkards of Ephraim, whose glorious beauty is a fading flower...

shall

Isaiah 25:10 For in this mountain shall the hand of the LORD rest, and Moab shall be trodden down under him...

Isaiah 26:6 The foot shall tread it down, even the feet of the poor, and the steps of the needy.

2 Kings 9:33 And he said, Throw her down. So they threw her down: and some of her blood was sprinkled on the wall, and on the horses...

Lamentations 1:15 The LORD has trodden under foot all my mighty men in the middle of me: he has called an assembly against me to crush my young men...

Daniel 8:13 Then I heard one saint speaking, and another saint said to that certain saint which spoke...

Hebrews 10:29 Of how much sorer punishment, suppose you, shall he be thought worthy, who has trodden under foot the Son of God...

Revelation 11:2 But the court which is without the temple leave out, and measure it not; for it is given to the Gentiles...

under feet. Heb. with feet

Cross References
Isaiah 5:11
Woe to those who rise early in the morning, that they may run after strong drink, who tarry late into the evening as wine inflames them!

Isaiah 9:9
and all the people will know, Ephraim and the inhabitants of Samaria, who say in pride and in arrogance of heart:

Isaiah 26:6
The foot tramples it, the feet of the poor, the steps of the needy."

Isaiah 28:18
Then your covenant with death will be annulled, and your agreement with Sheol will not stand; when the overwhelming scourge passes through, you will be beaten down by it.

Isaiah 63:3
"I have trodden the winepress alone, and from the peoples no one was with me; I trod them in my anger and trampled them in my wrath; their lifeblood spattered on my garments, and stained all my apparel.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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