Isaiah 28:13
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And the word of the LORD will be to them precept upon precept, precept upon precept, line upon line, line upon line, here a little, there a little, that they may go, and fall backward, and be broken, and snared, and taken.

King James Bible
But the word of the LORD was unto them precept upon precept, precept upon precept; line upon line, line upon line; here a little, and there a little; that they might go, and fall backward, and be broken, and snared, and taken.

American Standard Version
Therefore shall the word of Jehovah be unto them precept upon precept, precept upon precept; line upon line, line upon line; here a little, there a little; that they may go, and fall backward, and be broken, and snared, and taken.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the word of the Lord shall be to them: Command, command again; command, command again: expect, expect again; expect, expect again: a little there, a little there: that they may go, and fall backward, and be broken, and snared, and taken.

English Revised Version
Therefore shall the word of the LORD be unto them precept upon precept, precept upon precept; line upon line, line upon line; here a little, there a little; that they may go, and fall backward, and be broken, and snared, and taken.

Webster's Bible Translation
But the word of the LORD was to them, precept upon precept, precept upon precept; line upon line, line upon line; here a little, and there a little; that they might go, and fall backward, and be broken, and snared, and taken.

Isaiah 28:13 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

With the words, "and they also," the prophet commences the second half of the address, and passes from Ephraim to Judah. "And they also reel with wine, and are giddy with meth; priest and prophet reel with meth, are swallowed up by wine: they are giddy with meth, reel when seeing visions, stagger when pronouncing judgment. For all tables are full of filthy vomit, without any more place." The Judaeans are not less overcome with wine than the Ephraimites, and especially the rulers of Judah. In wicked violation of the law of God, which prohibited the priests from drinking strong drink when performing priestly service, and that on pain of death (Leviticus 10:9, cf., Ezekiel 44:21), they were intoxicated even in the midst of their prophetic visions (הראה, literally "the thing seeing," then the act of seeing; equivalent to ראי, like חזה in Isaiah 28:15 equals חזוּת; Olshausen, 176, c), and when passing judicial sentences. In the same way Micah also charges the prophets and priests with being drunkards (Micah 3:1., cf., Isaiah 2:11). Isaiah's indignation is manifested in the fact, that in the words which he uses he imitates the staggering and stumbling of the topers; like the well-known passage, Sta pes sta mi pes stas pes ne labere mi pes. Observe, for example, the threefold repetition of shâgu - tâghu, shâgu - tâghu, shâgu - pâqu. The hereditary priests and the four prophets represent the whole of the official personages. The preterites imply that drunkenness had become the fixed habit of the holders of these offices. The preposition בּ indicates the cause ("through," as in 2 Samuel 13:28 and Esther 1:10), and min the effect proceeding from the cause (in consequence of wine). In v. 8 we can hear them vomit. We have the same combination of the and צ in the verb kotzen, Gothic kozan. All the tables of the carousal are full, without there being any further room (cf., Isaiah 5:8); everything swims with vomit. The prophet paints from nature, here without idealizing. He receives their conduct as it were in a mirror, and then in the severest tones holds up this mirror before them, adults though they were.

Isaiah 28:13 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

precept upon precept

Isaiah 28:10 For precept must be on precept, precept on precept; line on line, line on line; here a little, and there a little:

Jeremiah 23:36-38 And the burden of the LORD shall you mention no more: for every man's word shall be his burden...

Hosea 6:5,8 Therefore have I hewed them by the prophets; I have slain them by the words of my mouth...

that

Isaiah 6:9,10 And he said, Go, and tell this people, Hear you indeed, but understand not; and see you indeed, but perceive not...

Isaiah 8:14,15 And he shall be for a sanctuary; but for a stone of stumbling and for a rock of offense to both the houses of Israel...

Psalm 69:22 Let their table become a snare before them: and that which should have been for their welfare, let it become a trap.

Matthew 13:14 And in them is fulfilled the prophecy of Esaias, which said, By hearing you shall hear, and shall not understand...

Matthew 21:44 And whoever shall fall on this stone shall be broken: but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder.

Romans 11:9 And David said, Let their table be made a snare, and a trap, and a stumbling block, and a recompense to them:

2 Corinthians 2:16 To the one we are the smell of death to death; and to the other the smell of life to life. And who is sufficient for these things?

1 Peter 2:7,8 To you therefore which believe he is precious: but to them which be disobedient, the stone which the builders disallowed...

2 Peter 3:16 As also in all his letters, speaking in them of these things; in which are some things hard to be understood...

Cross References
Matthew 21:44
And the one who falls on this stone will be broken to pieces; and when it falls on anyone, it will crush him."

Isaiah 8:15
And many shall stumble on it. They shall fall and be broken; they shall be snared and taken."

Isaiah 59:10
We grope for the wall like the blind; we grope like those who have no eyes; we stumble at noon as in the twilight, among those in full vigor we are like dead men.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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