Isaiah 27:8
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Measure by measure, by exile you contended with them; he removed them with his fierce breath in the day of the east wind.

King James Bible
In measure, when it shooteth forth, thou wilt debate with it: he stayeth his rough wind in the day of the east wind.

American Standard Version
In measure, when thou sendest them away, thou dost content with them; he hath removed them with his rough blast in the day of the east wind.

Douay-Rheims Bible
In measure against measure, when it shall be cast off, thou shalt judge it. He hath meditated with his severe spirit in the day of heat.

English Revised Version
In measure, when thou sendest her away, thou dost contend with her; he hath removed her with his rough blast in the day of the east wind.

Webster's Bible Translation
In measure, when it shooteth forth, thou wilt debate with it: he stayeth his rough wind in the day of the east wind.

Isaiah 27:8 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The prophecy here passes for the fourth time into the tone of a song. The church recognises itself in the judgments upon the world, as Jehovah's well-protected and beloved vineyard.

In that day a merry vineyard - sing it!

I, Jehovah, its keeper,

Every moment I water it.

That nothing may come near it,

I watch it night and day.

Wrath have I none;

O, had I thorns, thistles before me!

I would make up to them in battle,

Burn them all together.

Men would then have to grasp at my protection,

Make peace with me,

Make peace with me.

Instead of introducing the song with, "In that day shall this song be sung," or some such introduction, the prophecy passes at once into the song. It consists in a descending scale of strophes, consisting of one of five lines (Isaiah 27:2, Isaiah 27:3), one of four lines (Isaiah 27:4), and one of three lines (Isaiah 27:5). The thema is placed at the beginning, in the absolute case: cerem chemer. This may signify a vineyard of fiery or good wine (compare cerem zaith in Judges 15:5); but it is possible that the reading should be cerem chemed, as in Isaiah 32:12, as the lxx, Targum, and most modern commentators assume. ענּה ל signifies, according to Numbers 21:17; Psalm 147:7 (cf., Exodus 32:18; Psalm 88:1), to strike up a song with reference to anything - an onomatopoetic word (different from ענה, to begin, literally to meet). Cerem (the vineyard) is a feminine here, like בּאר, the well, in the song of the well in Numbers 21:17-18, and just as Israel, of which the vineyard here is a symbol (Isaiah 3:14; Isaiah 5:1.), is sometimes regarded as masculine, and at other times as feminine (Isaiah 26:20). Jehovah Himself is introduced as speaking. He is the keeper of the vineyard, who waters it every moment when there is any necessity (lirgâ‛im, like labbekârim in Isaiah 33:2, every morning), and watches it by night as well as by day, that nothing may visit it. על פּקד (to visit upon) is used in other cases to signify the infliction of punishment; here it denotes visitation by some kind of misfortune. Because it was the church purified through afflictions, the feelings of Jehovah towards it were pure love, without any admixture of the burning of anger (chēmâh). This is reserved for all who dare to do injury to this vineyard. Jehovah challenges these, and says, Who is there, then, that gives me thorns, thistles! עיתּנני equals לי יתּן, as in Jeremiah 9:1, cf., Joshua 15:19.) The asyndeton, instead of ושׁית שׁמיר, which is customary elsewhere, corresponds to the excitement of the exalted defender. If He had thorns, thistles before Him, He would break forth upon them in war, i.e., make war upon them (bâh, neuter, upon such a mass of bush), and set it all on fire (הצית equals הצּית). The arrangement of the strophes requires that we should connect כּמּלחמה with אפשׂעה (var. אפשׂעה), though this is at variance with the accents. We may see very clearly, even by the choice of the expression bammilchâmâh, that thorns and thistles are a figurative representation of the enemies of the church (2 Samuel 23:6-7). And in this sense the song concludes in Isaiah 27:5 : only by yielding themselves to mercy will they find mercy. או with a voluntative following, "unless," as in Leviticus 26:41. "Take hold of:" hechezik b', as in 1 Kings 1:50, of Adonijah, who lays hold of the horns of the altar. "Make peace with:" ‛âsâh shâlōm l', as in Joshua 9:15. The song closes here. What the church here utters, is the consciousness of the gracious protection of its God, as confirmed in her by the most recent events.

Isaiah 27:8 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

measure

Isaiah 57:16 For I will not contend for ever, neither will I be always wroth: for the spirit should fail before me, and the souls which I have made.

Job 23:6 Will he plead against me with his great power? No; but he would put strength in me.

Psalm 6:1 O LORD, rebuke me not in your anger, neither chasten me in your hot displeasure.

Psalm 38:1 O lord, rebuke me not in your wrath: neither chasten me in your hot displeasure.

Psalm 103:14 For he knows our frame; he remembers that we are dust.

Jeremiah 10:24 O LORD, correct me, but with judgment; not in your anger, lest you bring me to nothing.

Jeremiah 30:11 For I am with you, said the LORD, to save you: though I make a full end of all nations where I have scattered you...

Jeremiah 46:28 Fear you not, O Jacob my servant, said the LORD: for I am with you...

1 Corinthians 10:13 There has no temptation taken you but such as is common to man: but God is faithful...

1 Peter 1:6 Wherein you greatly rejoice, though now for a season, if need be, you are in heaviness through manifold temptations:

it shooteth forth. or, thou sendest it forth
thou wilt

Isaiah 1:5,18-20 Why should you be stricken any more? you will revolt more and more: the whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint...

Isaiah 5:3,4 And now, O inhabitants of Jerusalem, and men of Judah, judge, I pray you, between me and my vineyard...

Judges 10:10-16 And the children of Israel cried to the LORD, saying, We have sinned against you, both because we have forsaken our God...

Jeremiah 2:17-37 Have you not procured this to yourself, in that you have forsaken the LORD your God, when he led you by the way...

Hosea 4:1 Hear the word of the LORD, you children of Israel: for the LORD has a controversy with the inhabitants of the land...

Hosea 6:1,2 Come, and let us return to the LORD: for he has torn, and he will heal us; he has smitten, and he will bind us up...

Hosea 11:7-9 And my people are bent to backsliding from me: though they called them to the most High, none at all would exalt him...

Micah 6:2-5 Hear you, O mountains, the LORD's controversy, and you strong foundations of the earth: for the LORD has a controversy with his people...

he stayeth, etc. or, when he removeth it
his rough

Isaiah 10:5,6,12 O Assyrian, the rod of my anger, and the staff in their hand is my indignation...

Psalm 76:10 Surely the wrath of man shall praise you: the remainder of wrath shall you restrain.

Psalm 78:38 But he, being full of compassion, forgave their iniquity, and destroyed them not: yes, many a time turned he his anger away...

Jeremiah 4:11,27 At that time shall it be said to this people and to Jerusalem...

Ezekiel 19:12 But she was plucked up in fury, she was cast down to the ground, and the east wind dried up her fruit...

Hosea 13:15 Though he be fruitful among his brothers, an east wind shall come, the wind of the LORD shall come up from the wilderness...

Cross References
Isaiah 50:1
Thus says the LORD: "Where is your mother's certificate of divorce, with which I sent her away? Or which of my creditors is it to whom I have sold you? Behold, for your iniquities you were sold, and for your transgressions your mother was sent away.

Isaiah 54:7
For a brief moment I deserted you, but with great compassion I will gather you.

Jeremiah 4:11
At that time it will be said to this people and to Jerusalem, "A hot wind from the bare heights in the desert toward the daughter of my people, not to winnow or cleanse,

Ezekiel 19:12
But the vine was plucked up in fury, cast down to the ground; the east wind dried up its fruit; they were stripped off and withered. As for its strong stem, fire consumed it.

Hosea 13:15
Though he may flourish among his brothers, the east wind, the wind of the LORD, shall come, rising from the wilderness, and his fountain shall dry up; his spring shall be parched; it shall strip his treasury of every precious thing.

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