Isaiah 23:18
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Her merchandise and her wages will be holy to the LORD. It will not be stored or hoarded, but her merchandise will supply abundant food and fine clothing for those who dwell before the LORD.

King James Bible
And her merchandise and her hire shall be holiness to the LORD: it shall not be treasured nor laid up; for her merchandise shall be for them that dwell before the LORD, to eat sufficiently, and for durable clothing.

American Standard Version
And her merchandise and her hire shall be holiness to Jehovah: it shall not be treasured nor laid up; for her merchandise shall be for them that dwell before Jehovah, to eat sufficiently, and for durable clothing.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And her merchandise and her hire shall be sanctified to the Lord: they shall not be kept in store, nor laid up: for her merchandise shall be for them that shall dwell before the Lord, that they may eat unto fulness, and be clothed for a continuance.

English Revised Version
And her merchandise and her hire shall be holiness to the LORD: it shall not be treasured nor laid up; for her merchandise shall be for them that dwell before the LORD, to eat sufficiently, and for durable clothing.

Webster's Bible Translation
And her merchandise and her hire shall be holiness to the LORD: it shall not be treasured nor laid up; for her merchandise shall be for them that dwell before the LORD, for sufficient food, and for durable clothing.

Isaiah 23:18 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The prophet now proceeds to relate, as it were, to the Pheonicio-Spanish colony, the daughter, i.e., the population of Tartessus, what has happened to the mother country. "His hand hath He stretched over the sea, thrown kingdoms into trembling; Jehovah hath given commandment concerning Kena'an, to destroy her fortresses. And He said, Thou shalt not rejoice any further, thou disgraced one, virgin daughter of Sidon! Get up to Kittim, go over; there also shalt thou not find rest." There is no ground whatever for restricting the "kingdoms" (mamlâcoth) to the several small Phoenician states (compare Isaiah 19:2). Jehovah, reaching over the sea, has thrown the lands of Hither Asia and Egypto-Ethiopia into a state of the most anxious excitement, and has summoned them as instruments of destruction with regard to Kenaēan (אל, like על in Esther 4:5). Phoenicia called itself Kena‛an (Canaan); but this is the only passage in the Old Testament in which the name occurs in this most restricted sense. לשׁמיד, for להשׁמיד, as in Numbers 5:22; Amos 8:4. The form מעזניה is more rare, but it is not a deformity, as Knobel and others maintain. There are other examples of the same resolution of the reduplication and transposition of the letters (it stands for מענזיה, possibly a Phoenician word; see Hitzig, Grabschrift, p. 16, and Levi, Phoenizische Studien, p. 17), viz., תּמנוּ in Lamentations 3:22 (vid., at Psalm 64:7), and קבנו in Numbers 23:13, at least according to the Jewish grammar (see, however, Ewald, 250, b).

(Note: Bttcher derives the form from מעזן, a supposed diminutive; see, however, Jesurun, pp. 212-216.)

"Virgin of the daughter of Sidon" (equivalent to "virgin daughter of Sidon," two epexegetical genitives; Ewald, 289, c) is synonymous with Kena‛an. The name of the ancestral city (compare Isaiah 37:22) has here become the name of the whole nation that has sprung from it. Hitherto this nation has been untouched, like a virgin, but now it resembles one ravished and defiled. If now they flee across to Cyprus (cittiyim or cittim), there will be no rest for them even there, because the colony, emancipated from the Phoenician yoke, will only be too glad to rid herself to the unwelcome guests from the despotic mother country.

Isaiah 23:18 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

her merchandise

Isaiah 60:6,7 The multitude of camels shall cover you, the dromedaries of Midian and Ephah; all they from Sheba shall come...

2 Chronicles 2:7-9,11-16 Send me now therefore a man cunning to work in gold, and in silver, and in brass, and in iron, and in purple, and crimson, and blue...

Psalm 45:12 And the daughter of Tyre shall be there with a gift; even the rich among the people shall entreat your favor.

Psalm 72:10 The kings of Tarshish and of the isles shall bring presents: the kings of Sheba and Seba shall offer gifts.

Zechariah 14:20,21 In that day shall there be on the bells of the horses, HOLINESS UNTO THE LORD...

Mark 3:8 And from Jerusalem, and from Idumaea, and from beyond Jordan; and they about Tyre and Sidon, a great multitude...

Acts 21:3-5 Now when we had discovered Cyprus, we left it on the left hand, and sailed into Syria, and landed at Tyre...

it shall

Matthew 6:19-21 Lay not up for yourselves treasures on earth, where moth and rust does corrupt, and where thieves break through and steal...

Luke 12:18-20,33 And he said, This will I do: I will pull down my barns, and build greater; and there will I bestow all my fruits and my goods...

Luke 16:9-13 And I say to you, Make to yourselves friends of the mammon of unrighteousness; that, when you fail...

for them

Deuteronomy 12:18,19 But you must eat them before the LORD your God in the place which the LORD your God shall choose, you, and your son, and your daughter...

Deuteronomy 26:12-14 When you have made an end of tithing all the tithes of your increase the third year, which is the year of tithing...

Proverbs 3:9,10 Honor the LORD with your substance, and with the first fruits of all your increase...

Proverbs 13:22 A good man leaves an inheritance to his children's children: and the wealth of the sinner is laid up for the just.

Proverbs 28:8 He that by usury and unjust gain increases his substance, he shall gather it for him that will pity the poor.

Ecclesiastes 2:26 For God gives to a man that is good in his sight wisdom, and knowledge, and joy: but to the sinner he gives travail...

Malachi 3:10 Bring you all the tithes into the storehouse, that there may be meat in my house, and prove me now herewith, said the LORD of hosts...

Matthew 25:35-40 For I was an hungered, and you gave me meat: I was thirsty, and you gave me drink: I was a stranger, and you took me in...

Luke 8:3 And Joanna the wife of Chuza Herod's steward, and Susanna, and many others, which ministered to him of their substance.

Acts 9:39 Then Peter arose and went with them. When he was come, they brought him into the upper chamber: and all the widows stood by him weeping...

Romans 15:25-27 But now I go to Jerusalem to minister to the saints...

Galatians 6:6 Let him that is taught in the word communicate to him that teaches in all good things.

Philippians 4:17,18 Not because I desire a gift: but I desire fruit that may abound to your account...

durable. Heb. old

Cross References
Exodus 28:36
"You shall make a plate of pure gold and engrave on it, like the engraving of a signet, 'Holy to the LORD.'

Psalm 72:10
May the kings of Tarshish and of the coastlands render him tribute; may the kings of Sheba and Seba bring gifts!

Psalm 72:11
May all kings fall down before him, all nations serve him!

Isaiah 60:5
Then you shall see and be radiant; your heart shall thrill and exult, because the abundance of the sea shall be turned to you, the wealth of the nations shall come to you.

Ezekiel 26:12
They will plunder your riches and loot your merchandise. They will break down your walls and destroy your pleasant houses. Your stones and timber and soil they will cast into the midst of the waters.

Micah 4:13
Arise and thresh, O daughter of Zion, for I will make your horn iron, and I will make your hoofs bronze; you shall beat in pieces many peoples; and shall devote their gain to the LORD, their wealth to the Lord of the whole earth.

Zechariah 14:14
Even Judah will fight at Jerusalem. And the wealth of all the surrounding nations shall be collected, gold, silver, and garments in great abundance.

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