Hosea 8:9
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
For they have gone up to Assyria, a wild donkey wandering alone; Ephraim has hired lovers.

King James Bible
For they are gone up to Assyria, a wild ass alone by himself: Ephraim hath hired lovers.

American Standard Version
For they are gone up to Assyria, like a wild ass alone by himself: Ephraim hath hired lovers.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For they are gone up to Assyria, a wild ass alone by himself: Ephraim hath given gifts to his lovers.

English Revised Version
For they are gone up to Assyria, like a wild ass alone by himself: Ephraim hath hired lovers.

Webster's Bible Translation
For they have gone up to Assyria, a wild ass alone by himself: Ephraim hath hired lovers.

Hosea 8:9 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

His fate further drives him to make an assault on the islands and maritime coasts of the west (איּים), many of which he takes. וישׁב is not, after the Keri, to be changed into וישׂם; for turning himself from Egypt to the islands, he turns back his face toward his own land in the north. The two following clauses are explained by most interpreters thus: "but a captain shall stop his scorn (bring it to silence), and moreover shall give back (recompense) scorn to him in return." This is then, according to the example of Jerome, referred to the expedition of Antiochus Epiphanes against the Grecian islands which were under the protection of Rome, for which he was assailed and overcome by the consul Lucius Scipio (Asiaticus) in a battle fought at Magnesia ad Sipylum in Lydia. But the translation in question affords a tolerable sense only when we take בּלתּי in the meaning moreover, in addition to; a meaning which it has not, and cannot have according to its etymology. In all places where it is so rendered a negative sentence goes before it, cf. Genesis 43:3; Genesis 47:18; Judges 7:14, or a sentence asking a question with a negative sense, as Amos 3:3-4; according to which, לא must here stand before השׁבּית if we would translate it by besides that or only. בּלתּי has the idea of exception, and can only be rendered after an affirmative statement by however, for the passage introduced by its limits the statement going before. Thus Theodot. rightly: καταπαύσει ἄρχοντας ὀνειδισμοῦ αὐτῶν, πλὴν ὁ ὀνειδισμὸς αὐτοῦ ἐπιστρέψει αὐτῷ; and in close connection with this, Jerome has: et cessare faciet principem opprobrii sui et opprobrium ejus convertetur in eum. In like manner the Peshito. This rendering we must, with Kranichfeld, accede to, and accordingly understand וגו והשׁבּית of the king of the north, and interpret the indefinite קצין (leader, chief) in undefined generality or collectively, and חרפּתו (his reproach) as the second object subordinated to קצין, and refer לו as the dative to קצין. Thus the second חרפּתו gains expressiveness corresponding to its place before the verb as the contrast to לו (<) חרפּתו: "however his reproach," i.e., the dishonour he did to the chiefs, "shall they recompense to him." The subject to ישׁיב is the collective קצין. The statement of the last clause introduces us to the announcement, mentioned in Daniel 11:19, of the overthrow of the king of the north, who wished to spread his power also over the west. Since the chiefs (princes) of the islands rendered back to him his reproach, i.e., required to him his attack against them, he was under the necessity of returning to the fortresses of his own land. With that begins his fall, which ends with his complete destruction.

Hosea 8:9 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

they.

Hosea 5:13 When Ephraim saw his sickness, and Judah saw his wound, then went Ephraim to the Assyrian, and sent to king Jareb...

Hosea 7:11 Ephraim also is like a silly dove without heart: they call to Egypt, they go to Assyria.

2 Kings 15:19 And Pul the king of Assyria came against the land: and Menahem gave Pul a thousand talents of silver...

Ezekiel 23:5-9 And Aholah played the harlot when she was mine; and she doted on her lovers, on the Assyrians her neighbors...

a wild.

Job 39:5-8 Who has sent out the wild donkey free? or who has loosed the bands of the wild donkey...

Jeremiah 2:24 A wild donkey used to the wilderness, that snuffs up the wind at her pleasure; in her occasion who can turn her away?...

hath.

Hosea 2:5-7,10 For their mother has played the harlot: she that conceived them has done shamefully: for she said, I will go after my lovers...

Hosea 12:1 Ephraim feeds on wind, and follows after the east wind: he daily increases lies and desolation...

Isaiah 30:6 The burden of the beasts of the south: into the land of trouble and anguish, from where come the young and old lion...

Ezekiel 16:33,34 They give gifts to all whores: but you give your gifts to all your lovers, and hire them...

lovers. Heb. loves.

Cross References
Job 39:6
to whom I have given the arid plain for his home and the salt land for his dwelling place?

Jeremiah 2:24
a wild donkey used to the wilderness, in her heat sniffing the wind! Who can restrain her lust? None who seek her need weary themselves; in her month they will find her.

Ezekiel 16:33
Men give gifts to all prostitutes, but you gave your gifts to all your lovers, bribing them to come to you from every side with your whorings.

Ezekiel 16:34
So you were different from other women in your whorings. No one solicited you to play the whore, and you gave payment, while no payment was given to you; therefore you were different.

Ezekiel 23:5
"Oholah played the whore while she was mine, and she lusted after her lovers the Assyrians, warriors

Hosea 5:13
When Ephraim saw his sickness, and Judah his wound, then Ephraim went to Assyria, and sent to the great king. But he is not able to cure you or heal your wound.

Hosea 7:11
Ephraim is like a dove, silly and without sense, calling to Egypt, going to Assyria.

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