Hosea 13:1
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
When Ephraim spoke, there was trembling; he was exalted in Israel, but he incurred guilt through Baal and died.

King James Bible
When Ephraim spake trembling, he exalted himself in Israel; but when he offended in Baal, he died.

American Standard Version
When Ephraim spake, there was trembling; he exalted himself in Israel; but when he offended in Baal, he died.

Douay-Rheims Bible
When Ephraim spoke, a horror seized Israel: and he sinned in Baal and died.

English Revised Version
When Ephraim spake, there was trembling; he exalted himself in Israel: but when he offended in Baal, he died.

Webster's Bible Translation
When Ephraim spoke trembling, he exalted himself in Israel; but when he offended in Baal, he died.

Hosea 13:1 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

In this way will the Lord take away from the people their festivals of joy. Hosea 2:13. "And I visit upon her the days of the Baals, to which she burned incense, and adorned herself with her ring and her jewels, and went after her lovers; and she hath forgotten me, is the word of Jehovah." The days of the Baals are the sacred days and festive seasons mentioned in Hosea 2:13, which Israel ought to have sanctified and kept to the Lord its God, but which it celebrated in honour of the Baals, through its fall into idolatry. There is no ground for thinking of special feast-days dedicated to Baal, in addition to the feasts of Jehovah prescribed by the law. Just as Israel had changed Jehovah into Baal, so had it also turned the feast-days of Jehovah into festive days of the Baals, and on those days had burned incense, i.e., offered sacrifice to the Baals (cf. Hosea 4:13; 2 Kings 17:11). In Hosea 2:8 we find only הבעל mentioned, but here בּעלים in the plural, because Baal was worshipped under different modifications, from which Beâlı̄m came to be used in the general sense of the various idols of the Canaanites (cf. Judges 2:11; 1 Kings 18:18, etc.). In the second hemistich this spiritual coquetry with the idols is depicted under the figure of the outward coquetry of a woman, who resorts to all kinds of outward ornaments in order to excite the admiration of her lovers (as in Jeremiah 4:30 and Ezekiel 22:40ff.). There is no ground for thinking of the wearing of nose-rings and ornaments in honour of the idols. The antithesis to this adorning of themselves is "forgetting Jehovah," in which the sin is brought out in its true shape. On נאם יהוה, see Delitzsch on Isaiah 1:24.

Hosea 13:1 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Ephraim.

1 Samuel 15:17 And Samuel said, When you were little in your own sight, were you not made the head of the tribes of Israel...

Proverbs 18:12 Before destruction the heart of man is haughty, and before honor is humility.

Isaiah 66:2 For all those things has my hand made, and all those things have been, said the LORD: but to this man will I look...

Luke 14:11 For whoever exalts himself shall be abased; and he that humbles himself shall be exalted.

exalted.

Numbers 2:18-21 On the west side shall be the standard of the camp of Ephraim according to their armies...

Numbers 10:22 And the standard of the camp of the children of Ephraim set forward according to their armies...

Numbers 13:8,16 Of the tribe of Ephraim, Oshea the son of Nun...

Numbers 27:16-23 Let the LORD, the God of the spirits of all flesh, set a man over the congregation...

Joshua 3:7 And the LORD said to Joshua, This day will I begin to magnify you in the sight of all Israel, that they may know that...

1 Kings 12:25 Then Jeroboam built Shechem in mount Ephraim, and dwelled therein; and went out from there, and built Penuel.

offended.

Hosea 11:2 As they called them, so they went from them: they sacrificed to Baalim, and burned incense to graven images.

1 Kings 16:29-33 And in the thirty and eighth year of Asa king of Judah began Ahab the son of Omri to reign over Israel...

1 Kings 18:18,19 And he answered, I have not troubled Israel; but you, and your father's house, in that you have forsaken the commandments of the LORD...

2 Kings 17:16-18 And they left all the commandments of the LORD their God, and made them molten images, even two calves, and made a grove...

died.

Genesis 2:17 But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, you shall not eat of it: for in the day that you eat thereof you shall surely die.

Romans 5:12 Why, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed on all men, for that all have sinned:

2 Corinthians 5:14 For the love of Christ constrains us; because we thus judge, that if one died for all, then were all dead:

Cross References
Judges 8:1
Then the men of Ephraim said to him, "What is this that you have done to us, not to call us when you went to fight against Midian?" And they accused him fiercely.

Judges 12:1
The men of Ephraim were called to arms, and they crossed to Zaphon and said to Jephthah, "Why did you cross over to fight against the Ammonites and did not call us to go with you? We will burn your house over you with fire."

Job 29:21
"Men listened to me and waited and kept silence for my counsel.

Job 29:22
After I spoke they did not speak again, and my word dropped upon them.

Hosea 2:8
And she did not know that it was I who gave her the grain, the wine, and the oil, and who lavished on her silver and gold, which they used for Baal.

Hosea 8:4
They made kings, but not through me. They set up princes, but I knew it not. With their silver and gold they made idols for their own destruction.

Hosea 11:2
The more they were called, the more they went away; they kept sacrificing to the Baals and burning offerings to idols.

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