Hebrews 9:18
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Therefore not even the first covenant was inaugurated without blood.

King James Bible
Whereupon neither the first testament was dedicated without blood.

American Standard Version
Wherefore even the first covenant hath not been dedicated without blood.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Whereupon neither was the first indeed dedicated without blood.

English Revised Version
Wherefore even the first covenant hath not been dedicated without blood.

Webster's Bible Translation
Hence even the first testament was not dedicated without blood.

Weymouth New Testament
Accordingly we find that the first Covenant was not inaugurated without blood.

Hebrews 9:18 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Whereupon (ὅθεν)

Rend. wherefore, or for which reason: on the general principle that a covenant must be ratified by death.

Neither the first testament was dedicated without blood (οὐδὲ ἡ πρώτη χωρὶς αἵματος ἐνκεκαίνισται)

Rend. "neither hath the first (covenant) been inaugurated without blood." There is surely no excuse for inserting testament here, as A.V., since the allusion is clearly to the ratification of a covenant with blood. But further, as this and the verses immediately following are intended to furnish a historical illustration of the statements in Hebrews 9:16, Hebrews 9:17, we seem forced either to render covenant in those verses, or to assume that the transaction here related was the ratification of a will and testament, or to find our writer guilty of using an illustration which turns on a point entirely different from the matter which he is illustrating. Thus: a testament is of force after men are dead. It has no force so long as the testator is alive. Wherefore, the first covenant was ratified by slaying victims and sprinkling their blood. For the incident see Exodus 24:8. Ἐνκαινίζειν only here and Hebrews 10:20. lxx, to renew, 1 Samuel 11:14; 2 Chronicles 15:8; Psalm 51:10 : to dedicate, 1 Kings 8:63; 1 Macc. 4:36. Comp. τὰ ἐνκαίνια the feast of dedication, John 10:22. Rend. οὐδὲ neither, as A.V., and not not even, in which case the meaning would be, "not even the first covenant, although its ministries did not perfect the worshipper as touching the conscience," a thought which would be foreign to the point, which is merely the analogy in the matter of death.

Hebrews 9:18 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the first.

Hebrews 8:7-9 For if that first covenant had been faultless, then should no place have been sought for the second...

Exodus 12:22 And you shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip it in the blood that is in the basin...

Exodus 24:3-8 And Moses came and told the people all the words of the LORD, and all the judgments: and all the people answered with one voice...

dedicated. or, purified.

Hebrews 9:14,22 How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God...

Cross References
Exodus 24:6
And Moses took half of the blood and put it in basins, and half of the blood he threw against the altar.

Leviticus 8:24
Then he presented Aaron's sons, and Moses put some of the blood on the lobes of their right ears and on the thumbs of their right hands and on the big toes of their right feet. And Moses threw the blood against the sides of the altar.

Hebrews 9:17
For a will takes effect only at death, since it is not in force as long as the one who made it is alive.

Hebrews 9:19
For when every commandment of the law had been declared by Moses to all the people, he took the blood of calves and goats, with water and scarlet wool and hyssop, and sprinkled both the book itself and all the people,

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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