Hebrews 11:37
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
They were stoned, they were sawn in two, they were killed with the sword. They went about in skins of sheep and goats, destitute, afflicted, mistreated—

King James Bible
They were stoned, they were sawn asunder, were tempted, were slain with the sword: they wandered about in sheepskins and goatskins; being destitute, afflicted, tormented;

American Standard Version
they were stoned, they were sawn asunder, they were tempted, they were slain with the sword: they went about in sheepskins, in goatskins; being destitute, afflicted, ill-treated

Douay-Rheims Bible
They were stoned, they were cut asunder, they were tempted, they were put to death by the sword, they wandered about in sheepskins, in goatskins, being in want, distressed, afflicted:

English Revised Version
they were stoned, they were sawn asunder, they were tempted, they were slain with the sword: they went about in sheepskins, in goatskins; being destitute, afflicted, evil entreated

Webster's Bible Translation
They were stoned, they were sawn asunder, were tempted, were slain with the sword: they wandered about in sheep-skins, and goat-skins; being destitute, afflicted, tormented;

Weymouth New Testament
They were stoned, they were sawn asunder, they were tried by temptation, they were killed with the sword. They went from place to place in sheepskins or goatskins, enduring want, oppression and cruelty.

Hebrews 11:37 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

They were stoned (ἐλιθάσθησαν)

A characteristic Jewish punishment. See 2 Chronicles 24:20; Matthew 23:37; John 10:31; Acts 5:26; Acts 7:59; Acts 14:19. The verb λιθοβολεῖν is also used in Matthew, Luke, and Acts, and once in this epistle, Hebrews 12:20.

Were sawn asunder (ἐπίσθησαν)

N.T.o. As Isaiah, according to tradition.

Were tempted (ἐπειράσθησαν)

If the reading is correct, which seems probable, the reference is probably to inducements offered them to abandon their loyalty to God. It has seemed to many out of place, because occurring in the midst of a list of different forms of violent death.

Hebrews 11:37 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

stoned.

1 Kings 21:10,13-15 And set two men, sons of Belial, before him, to bear witness against him, saying, You did blaspheme God and the king...

2 Chronicles 24:21 And they conspired against him, and stoned him with stones at the commandment of the king in the court of the house of the LORD.

Matthew 21:35 And the farmers took his servants, and beat one, and killed another, and stoned another.

Matthew 23:37 O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, you that kill the prophets, and stone them which are sent to you...

Luke 13:34 O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, which kill the prophets, and stone them that are sent to you...

John 10:31-33 Then the Jews took up stones again to stone him...

Acts 7:58,59 And cast him out of the city, and stoned him: and the witnesses laid down their clothes at a young man's feet, whose name was Saul...

Acts 14:19 And there came thither certain Jews from Antioch and Iconium, who persuaded the people, and having stoned Paul...

2 Corinthians 11:25 Thrice was I beaten with rods, once was I stoned, thrice I suffered shipwreck, a night and a day I have been in the deep;

were slain.

1 Samuel 22:17-19 And the king said to the footmen that stood about him, Turn, and slay the priests of the LORD: because their hand also is with David...

1 Kings 18:4,13 For it was so, when Jezebel cut off the prophets of the LORD, that Obadiah took an hundred prophets, and hid them by fifty in a cave...

1 Kings 19:1,10,14 And Ahab told Jezebel all that Elijah had done, and with how he had slain all the prophets with the sword...

Jeremiah 2:30 In vain have I smitten your children; they received no correction: your own sword has devoured your prophets, like a destroying lion.

Jeremiah 26:23 And they fetched forth Urijah out of Egypt, and brought him to Jehoiakim the king; who slew him with the sword...

Lamentations 4:13,14 For the sins of her prophets, and the iniquities of her priests, that have shed the blood of the just in the middle of her...

Matthew 23:35-37 That on you may come all the righteous blood shed on the earth...

Luke 11:51-54 From the blood of Abel to the blood of Zacharias which perished between the altar and the temple: truly I say to you...

Acts 7:52 Which of the prophets have not your fathers persecuted? and they have slain them which showed before of the coming of the Just One...

Acts 12:2,3 And he killed James the brother of John with the sword...

in sheepskins.

2 Kings 1:8 And they answered him, He was an hairy man, and girt with a girdle of leather about his loins. And he said, It is Elijah the Tishbite.

Matthew 3:4 And the same John had his raiment of camel's hair, and a leather girdle about his loins; and his meat was locusts and wild honey.

Revelation 11:3 And I will give power to my two witnesses, and they shall prophesy a thousand two hundred and three score days, clothed in sackcloth.

being destitute.

Hebrews 12:1-3 Why seeing we also are compassed about with so great a cloud of witnesses, let us lay aside every weight...

Zechariah 13:9 And I will bring the third part through the fire, and will refine them as silver is refined, and will try them as gold is tried...

Matthew 8:20 And Jesus said to him, The foxes have holes, and the birds of the air have nests; but the Son of man has not where to lay his head.

1 Corinthians 4:9-13 For I think that God has set forth us the apostles last, as it were appointed to death: for we are made a spectacle to the world...

2 Corinthians 11:23-27 Are they ministers of Christ? (I speak as a fool) I am more; in labors more abundant, in stripes above measure...

2 Corinthians 12:10 Therefore I take pleasure in infirmities, in reproaches, in necessities, in persecutions, in distresses for Christ's sake...

James 5:10,11 Take, my brothers, the prophets, who have spoken in the name of the Lord, for an example of suffering affliction, and of patience...

Cross References
2 Samuel 12:31
And he brought out the people who were in it and set them to labor with saws and iron picks and iron axes and made them toil at the brick kilns. And thus he did to all the cities of the Ammonites. Then David and all the people returned to Jerusalem.

1 Kings 19:10
He said, "I have been very jealous for the LORD, the God of hosts. For the people of Israel have forsaken your covenant, thrown down your altars, and killed your prophets with the sword, and I, even I only, am left, and they seek my life, to take it away."

1 Kings 19:13
And when Elijah heard it, he wrapped his face in his cloak and went out and stood at the entrance of the cave. And behold, there came a voice to him and said, "What are you doing here, Elijah?"

1 Kings 19:19
So he departed from there and found Elisha the son of Shaphat, who was plowing with twelve yoke of oxen in front of him, and he was with the twelfth. Elijah passed by him and cast his cloak upon him.

1 Kings 21:13
And the two worthless men came in and sat opposite him. And the worthless men brought a charge against Naboth in the presence of the people, saying, "Naboth cursed God and the king." So they took him outside the city and stoned him to death with stones.

2 Kings 2:8
Then Elijah took his cloak and rolled it up and struck the water, and the water was parted to the one side and to the other, till the two of them could go over on dry ground.

2 Kings 2:13
And he took up the cloak of Elijah that had fallen from him and went back and stood on the bank of the Jordan.

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