Hebrews 1:4
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
having become as much superior to angels as the name he has inherited is more excellent than theirs.

King James Bible
Being made so much better than the angels, as he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they.

American Standard Version
having become by so much better than the angels, as he hath inherited a more excellent name than they.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Being made so much better than the angels, as he hath inherited a more excellent name than they.

English Revised Version
having become by so much better than the angels, as he hath inherited a more excellent name than they.

Webster's Bible Translation
Being made so much better than the angels, as he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they.

Weymouth New Testament
having become as far superior to the angels as the Name He possesses by inheritance is more excellent than theirs.

Hebrews 1:4 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

The detailed development of the argument is now introduced. The point is to show the superiority of the agent of the new dispensation to the agents of the old - the angels and Moses. Christ's superiority to the angels is first discussed.

Being made so much better than the angels (τοσούτῳ κρείττων γενόμενος τῶν ἀγγέλων)

The informal and abrupt introduction of this topic goes to show that the writer was addressing Jewish Christians, who were familiar with the prominent part ascribed to angels in the O.T. economy, especially in the giving of the law. See on Galatians 3:9. For being made, rend. having become; which is to be taken in close connection with sat down, etc., and in contrast with ὢν being, Hebrews 1:3. It is not denied that the Son was essentially and eternally superior to the angels; but his glorification was conditioned upon his fulfillment of the requirements of his human state, and it is this that is emphasized. After having passed through the experience described in Philippians 2:6-8, he sat down on the right hand of the divine majesty as messianic sovereign, and so became or proved to be what in reality he was from eternity, superior to the angels. Τοσούτῳ - ὅσῳ so much - as. Never used by Paul. Κρείττων better, superior, rare in Paul, and always neuter and adverbial. In Hebrews thirteen times. See also 1 Peter 3:17; 2 Peter 2:21. Often in lxx. It does not indicate here moral excellence, but dignity and power. He became superior to the angels, resuming his preincarnate dignity, as he had been, for a brief period, less or lower than the angels (Hebrews 2:7). The superiority of Messiah to the angels was affirmed in rabbinical writings.

He hath by inheritance obtained (κεκληρονόμηκεν)

More neatly, as Rev., hath inherited, as a son. See Hebrews 1:2, and comp. Romans 8:17. For the verb, see on Acts 13:19, and see on 1 Peter 1:4.

More excellent (διαφορώτερον)

Διάφορος only once outside of Hebrews, Romans 12:6. The comparative only in Hebrews. In the sense of more excellent, only in later writers. Its earlier sense is different. The idea of difference is that which radically distinguishes it from κρείττων better. Here it presents the comparative of a comparative conception. The Son's name differs from that of the angels, and is more different for good.

Than they (παρ' αὐτοὺς)

Lit. beside or in comparison with them. Παρα, indicating comparison, occurs a few times in Luke, as Luke 3:13; Luke 13:2; Luke 18:4. In Hebrews always to mark comparison, except Hebrews 11:11, Hebrews 11:12.

Hebrews 1:4 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

so.

Hebrews 1:9 You have loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, even your God...

Hebrews 2:9 But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honor...

Ephesians 1:21 Far above all principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world...

Colossians 1:18 And he is the head of the body, the church: who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead...

Colossians 2:10 And you are complete in him, which is the head of all principality and power:

2 Thessalonians 1:7 And to you who are troubled rest with us, when the Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven with his mighty angels,

1 Peter 3:22 Who is gone into heaven, and is on the right hand of God; angels and authorities and powers being made subject to him.

Revelation 5:11,12 And I beheld, and I heard the voice of many angels round about the throne and the beasts and the elders...

by.

Psalm 2:7,8 I will declare the decree: the LORD has said to me, You are my Son; this day have I begotten you...

Philippians 2:9-11 Why God also has highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name...

Cross References
Ephesians 1:21
far above all rule and authority and power and dominion, and above every name that is named, not only in this age but also in the one to come.

Hebrews 12:17
For you know that afterward, when he desired to inherit the blessing, he was rejected, for he found no chance to repent, though he sought it with tears.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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