Genesis 9:27
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
May God enlarge Japheth, and let him dwell in the tents of Shem, and let Canaan be his servant.”

King James Bible
God shall enlarge Japheth, and he shall dwell in the tents of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant.

American Standard Version
God enlarge Japheth, And let him dwell in the tents of Shem; And let Canaan be his servant.

Douay-Rheims Bible
May God enlarge Japheth, and may he dwell in the tents of Sem, and Chanaan be his servant.

English Revised Version
God enlarge Japheth, And let him dwell in the tents of Shem; And let Canaan be his servant.

Webster's Bible Translation
God shall enlarge Japheth, and he shall dwell in the tents of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant.

Genesis 9:27 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

"Wide let God make it to Japhet, and let him dwell in the tents of Shem." Starting from the meaning of the name, Noah sums up his blessing in the word יפתּ (japht), from פּתה to be wide (Proverbs 20:19), in the Hiphil with ל, to procure a wide space for any one, used either of extension over a wide territory, or of removal to a free, unfettered position; analogous to ל הרחיב, Genesis 26:22; Psalm 4:1, etc. Both must be retained here, so that the promise to the family of Japhet embraced not only a wide extension, but also prosperity on every hand. This blessing was desired by Noah, not from Jehovah, the God of Shem, who bestows saving spiritual good upon man, but from Elohim, God as Creator and Governor of the world; for it had respect primarily to the blessings of the earth, not to spiritual blessings; although Japhet would participate in these as well, for he should come and dwell in the tents of Shem. The disputed question, whether God or Japhet is to be regarded as the subject of the verb "shall dwell," is already decided by the use of the word Elohim. If it were God whom Noah described as dwelling in the tents of Shem, so that the expression denoted the gracious presence of God in Israel, we should expect to find the name Jehovah, since it was as Jehovah that God took up His abode among Shem in Israel. It is much more natural to regard the expression as applying to Japhet, (a) because the refrain, "Canaan shall be his servant," requires that we should understand Genesis 9:27 as applying to Japhet, like Genesis 9:26 to Shem; (b) because the plural, tents, is not applicable to the abode of Jehovah in Israel, inasmuch as in the parallel passages "we read of God dwelling in His tent, on His holy hill, in Zion, in the midst of the children of Israel, and also of the faithful dwelling in the tabernacle or temple of God, but never of God dwelling in the tents of Israel" (Hengstenberg); and (c) because we should expect that act of affection, which the two sons so delicately performed in concert, to have its corresponding blessing in the relation established between the two (Delitzsch). Japhet's dwelling in the tents of Shem is supposed by Bochart and others to refer to the fact, that Japhet's descendants would one day take the land of the Shemites, and subjugate the inhabitants; but even the fathers almost unanimously understand the words in a spiritual sense, as denoting the participation of the Japhetites in the saving blessings of the Shemites. There is truth in both views. Dwelling presupposes possession; but the idea of taking by force is precluded by the fact, that it would be altogether at variance with the blessing pronounced upon Shem. If history shows that the tents of Shem were conquered and taken by the Japhetites, the dwelling predicted here still relates not to the forcible conquest, but to the fact that the conquerors entered into the possessions of the conquered; that along with them they were admitted to the blessings of salvation; and that, yielding to the spiritual power of the vanquished, they lived henceforth in their tents as brethren (Psalm 133:1). And if the dwelling of Japhet in the tents of Shem presupposes the conquest of the land of Shem by Japhet, it is a blessing not only to Japhet, but to Shem also, since, whilst Japhet enters into the spiritual inheritance of Shem, he brings to Shem all the good of this world (Isaiah 60). "The fulfilment," as Delitzsch says, "is plain enough, for we are all Japhetites dwelling in the tents of Shem; and the language of the New Testament is the language of Javan entered into the tents of Shem." To this we may add, that by the Gospel preached in this language, Israel, though subdued by the imperial power of Rome, became the spiritual conqueror of the orbis terrarum Romanus, and received it into his tents. Moreover it is true of the blessing and curse of Noah, as of all prophetic utterances, that they are fulfilled with regard to the nations and families in question as a whole, but do not predict, like an irresistible fate, the unalterable destiny of every individual; on the contrary, they leave room for freedom of personal decision, and no more cut off the individuals in the accursed race from the possibility of conversion, or close the way of salvation against the penitent, than they secure the individuals of the family blessed against the possibility of falling from a state of grace, and actually losing the blessing. Hence, whilst a Rahab and an Araunah were received into the fellowship of Jehovah, and the Canaanitish woman was relieved by the Lord because of her faith, the hardened Pharisees and scribes had woes pronounced upon them, and Israel was rejected because of its unbelief.

In Genesis 9:28, Genesis 9:29, the history of Noah is brought to a close, with the account of his age, and of his death.

Genesis 9:27 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

enlarge. or, persuade. Japheth. Japheth denotes enlargement, and how wonderfully have his boundaries been enlarged; for not only Europe, but Asia Minor, part of Armenia, Iberia, the whole of the vast regions of Asia north of Taurus, and probably America, fell to the share of his posterity.

he shall dwell. These words may mean either that God or that Japheth shall dwell in the tents of Shem. In either sense the prophecy has been literally fulfilled.

dwell.

Isaiah 11:10 And in that day there shall be a root of Jesse, which shall stand for an ensign of the people; to it shall the Gentiles seek...

Hosea 2:14 Therefore, behold, I will allure her, and bring her into the wilderness, and speak comfortably to her.

Malachi 1:11 For from the rising of the sun even to the going down of the same my name shall be great among the Gentiles...

Acts 17:14 And then immediately the brothers sent away Paul to go as it were to the sea: but Silas and Timotheus stayed there still.

Romans 11:12 Now if the fall of them be the riches of the world, and the diminishing of them the riches of the Gentiles...

Romans 15:12 And again, Esaias said, There shall be a root of Jesse, and he that shall rise to reign over the Gentiles...

Ephesians 2:13,14,19 But now in Christ Jesus you who sometimes were far off are made near by the blood of Christ...

Ephesians 3:6,13 That the Gentiles should be fellow heirs, and of the same body, and partakers of his promise in Christ by the gospel...

Hebrews 11:9,10 By faith he sojourned in the land of promise, as in a strange country, dwelling in tabernacles with Isaac and Jacob...

Cross References
Genesis 9:28
After the flood Noah lived 350 years.

Genesis 10:2
The sons of Japheth: Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, and Tiras.

Genesis 27:29
Let peoples serve you, and nations bow down to you. Be lord over your brothers, and may your mother's sons bow down to you. Cursed be everyone who curses you, and blessed be everyone who blesses you!"

Isaiah 66:19
and I will set a sign among them. And from them I will send survivors to the nations, to Tarshish, Pul, and Lud, who draw the bow, to Tubal and Javan, to the coastlands far away, that have not heard my fame or seen my glory. And they shall declare my glory among the nations.

Jump to Previous
Beauty Bondman Canaan Dwell Dwelleth Enlarge Extend Great Japheth Live Servant Shem Slave Tents Territory
Jump to Next
Beauty Bondman Canaan Dwell Dwelleth Enlarge Extend Great Japheth Live Servant Shem Slave Tents Territory
Links
Genesis 9:27 NIV
Genesis 9:27 NLT
Genesis 9:27 ESV
Genesis 9:27 NASB
Genesis 9:27 KJV

Genesis 9:27 Bible Apps
Genesis 9:27 Biblia Paralela
Genesis 9:27 Chinese Bible
Genesis 9:27 French Bible
Genesis 9:27 German Bible

Bible Hub

ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
Genesis 9:26
Top of Page
Top of Page