Genesis 40:2
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And Pharaoh was angry with his two officers, the chief cupbearer and the chief baker,

King James Bible
And Pharaoh was wroth against two of his officers, against the chief of the butlers, and against the chief of the bakers.

American Standard Version
And Pharaoh was wroth against his two officers, against the chief of the butlers, and against the chief of the bakers.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Pharao being angry with them (now the one was chief butler, the other chief baker)

English Revised Version
And Pharaoh was wroth against his two officers, against the chief of the butlers, and against the chief of the bakers.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Pharaoh was wroth with two of his officers, with the chief of the butlers, and with the chief of the bakers.

Genesis 40:2 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Joseph in Prison. - Potiphar was enraged at what he heard, and put Joseph into the prison where (אשׁר for שׁם אשׁר, Genesis 40:3 like Genesis 35:13) the king's prisoners (state-prisoners) were confined. הסּהר בּית: lit., the house of enclosure, from סהר, to surround or enclose (ὀχύρωμα, lxx); the state-prison surrounded by a wall. This was a very moderate punishment. For according to Diod. Sic. (i. 78) the laws of the Egyptians were πικροὶ περὶ τῶν γυναιῶν νόμοι. An attempt at adultery was to be punished with 1000 blows, and rape upon a free woman still more severely. It is possible that Potiphar was not fully convinced of his wife's chastity, and therefore did not place unlimited credence in what she said.

(Note: Credibile est aliquod fuisse indicium, quo Josephum innocentem esse Potiphari constiteret; neque enim servi vita tanti erat ut ei parceretur in tam gravi delicto. Sed licet innocuum, in carcere tamen detinebat, ut uxoris honori et suo consuleret (Clericus). The chastity of Egyptian women has been in bad repute from time immemorial (Diod. Sic. i. 59; Herod. ii. 111). Even in the middle ages the Fatimite Hakim thought it necessary to adopt severe measures against their immorality (Bar-Hebraei, chron. p. 217), and at the present day, according to Burckhardt (arab. Sprichwrter, pp. 222, 227), chastity is "a great rarity" among women of every rank in Cairo.)

But even in that case it was the mercy of the faithful covenant God, which now as before (Genesis 37:20.) rescued Joseph's life.

Genesis 40:2 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

wroth.

Psalm 76:10 Surely the wrath of man shall praise you: the remainder of wrath shall you restrain.

Proverbs 16:14 The wrath of a king is as messengers of death: but a wise man will pacify it.

Proverbs 19:12,19 The king's wrath is as the roaring of a lion; but his favor is as dew on the grass...

Proverbs 27:4 Wrath is cruel, and anger is outrageous; but who is able to stand before envy?

Acts 12:20 And Herod was highly displeased with them of Tyre and Sidon: but they came with one accord to him, and...

the chief of the butlers.

1 Chronicles 27:27 And over the vineyards was Shimei the Ramathite: over the increase of the vineyards for the wine cellars was Zabdi the Shiphmite:

Cross References
Genesis 40:1
Some time after this, the cupbearer of the king of Egypt and his baker committed an offense against their lord the king of Egypt.

Genesis 40:21
He restored the chief cupbearer to his position, and he placed the cup in Pharaoh's hand.

Genesis 40:23
Yet the chief cupbearer did not remember Joseph, but forgot him.

Genesis 41:10
When Pharaoh was angry with his servants and put me and the chief baker in custody in the house of the captain of the guard,

Proverbs 16:14
A king's wrath is a messenger of death, and a wise man will appease it.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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