Genesis 4:15
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Then the LORD said to him, “Not so! If anyone kills Cain, vengeance shall be taken on him sevenfold.” And the LORD put a mark on Cain, lest any who found him should attack him.

King James Bible
And the LORD said unto him, Therefore whosoever slayeth Cain, vengeance shall be taken on him sevenfold. And the LORD set a mark upon Cain, lest any finding him should kill him.

American Standard Version
And Jehovah said unto him, Therefore whosoever slayeth Cain, vengeance shall be taken on him sevenfold. And Jehovah appointed a sign for Cain, lest any finding him should smite him.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the Lord said to him: No, it shall not be so: but whosoever shall kill Cain, shall be punished sevenfold. And the Lord set a mark upon Cain, that whosoever found him should not kill him.

English Revised Version
And the LORD said unto him, Therefore whosoever slayeth Cain, vengeance shall be taken on him sevenfold. And the LORD appointed a sign for Cain, lest any finding him should smite him.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the LORD said to him, Therefore whoever slayeth Cain, vengeance shall be taken on him seven-fold. And the LORD set a mark upon Cain, lest any finding him should kill him.

Genesis 4:15 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Although Cain expressed not penitence, but fear of punishment, God displayed His long-suffering and gave him the promise, "Therefore (לכן not in the sense of כן לא, but because it was the case, and there was reason for his complaint) whosoever slayeth Cain, vengeance shall be taken on him sevenfold." קין כּל־הרג, is cas. absolut. as in Genesis 9:6; and הקּם avenged, i.e., resented, punished, as Exodus 21:20-21. The mark which God put upon Cain is not to be regarded as a mark upon his body, as the Rabbins and others supposed, but as a certain sign which protected him from vengeance, though of what kind it is impossible to determine. God granted him continuance of life, not because banishment from the place of God's presence was the greatest possible punishment, or because the preservation of the human race required at that time that the lives of individuals should be spared, - for God afterwards destroyed the whole human race, with the exception of one family, - but partly because the tares were to grow with the wheat, and sin develop itself to its utmost extent, partly also because from the very first God determined to take punishment into His own hands, and protect human life from the passion and wilfulness of human vengeance.

Genesis 4:15 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Therefore.

1 Kings 16:7 And also by the hand of the prophet Jehu the son of Hanani came the word of the LORD against Baasha, and against his house...

Psalm 59:11 Slay them not, lest my people forget: scatter them by your power; and bring them down, O Lord our shield.

Hosea 1:4 And the LORD said to him, Call his name Jezreel; for yet a little while, and I will avenge the blood of Jezreel on the house of Jehu...

Matthew 26:52 Then said Jesus to him, Put up again your sword into his place: for all they that take the sword shall perish with the sword.

sevenfold.

Genesis 4:24 If Cain shall be avenged sevenfold, truly Lamech seventy and sevenfold.

Leviticus 26:18,21,24,28 And if you will not yet for all this listen to me, then I will punish you seven times more for your sins...

Psalm 79:12 And render to our neighbors sevenfold into their bosom their reproach, with which they have reproached you, O Lord.

Proverbs 6:31 But if he be found, he shall restore sevenfold; he shall give all the substance of his house.

set a mark, etc. Or, rather, 'gave a sign or token to Cain, that those who found him should not kill him.'

Ezekiel 9:4,6 And the LORD said to him, Go through the middle of the city, through the middle of Jerusalem...

Revelation 14:9,11 And the third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, If any man worship the beast and his image...

Cross References
Genesis 4:24
If Cain's revenge is sevenfold, then Lamech's is seventy-sevenfold."

Psalm 79:12
Return sevenfold into the lap of our neighbors the taunts with which they have taunted you, O Lord!

Ezekiel 9:4
And the LORD said to him, "Pass through the city, through Jerusalem, and put a mark on the foreheads of the men who sigh and groan over all the abominations that are committed in it."

Ezekiel 9:6
Kill old men outright, young men and maidens, little children and women, but touch no one on whom is the mark. And begin at my sanctuary." So they began with the elders who were before the house.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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