Galatians 4:23
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
But the son of the slave was born according to the flesh, while the son of the free woman was born through promise.

King James Bible
But he who was of the bondwoman was born after the flesh; but he of the freewoman was by promise.

American Standard Version
Howbeit the'son by the handmaid is born after the flesh; but the'son by the freewoman is born through promise.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But he who was of the bondwoman, was born according to the flesh: but he of the free woman, was by promise.

English Revised Version
Howbeit the son by the handmaid is born after the flesh; but the son by the freewoman is born through promise.

Webster's Bible Translation
But he who was of the bond-woman, was born according to the flesh; but he of the free-woman was by promise.

Weymouth New Testament
But we see that the child of the slave-girl was born in the common course of nature; but the child of the free woman in fulfilment of the promise.

Galatians 4:23 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Was born (γεγέννηται)

Has been born, or is born: perfect tense, treating the historical fact as if present.

After the flesh (κατὰ σάρκα)

According to the regular course of nature. Very common in Paul.

By promise (δἰ ἐπαγγελίας)

Most editors retain the article, the promise of Genesis 17:16, Genesis 17:19; Genesis 18:10. Comp. Romans 9:9. In virtue of the promise; for according to natural conditions he would not have been born.

Galatians 4:23 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

born.

Romans 9:7,8 Neither, because they are the seed of Abraham, are they all children: but, In Isaac shall your seed be called...

but.

Genesis 17:15-19 And God said to Abraham, As for Sarai your wife, you shall not call her name Sarai, but Sarah shall her name be...

Genesis 18:10-14 And he said, I will certainly return to you according to the time of life; and, see, Sarah your wife shall have a son...

Genesis 21:1,2 And the LORD visited Sarah as he had said, and the LORD did to Sarah as he had spoken...

Romans 4:18-21 Who against hope believed in hope, that he might become the father of many nations, according to that which was spoken...

Romans 10:8 But what said it? The word is near you, even in your mouth, and in your heart: that is, the word of faith, which we preach;

Hebrews 11:11 Through faith also Sara herself received strength to conceive seed, and was delivered of a child when she was past age...

Cross References
Genesis 17:16
I will bless her, and moreover, I will give you a son by her. I will bless her, and she shall become nations; kings of peoples shall come from her."

Genesis 18:10
The LORD said, "I will surely return to you about this time next year, and Sarah your wife shall have a son." And Sarah was listening at the tent door behind him.

Genesis 21:1
The LORD visited Sarah as he had said, and the LORD did to Sarah as he had promised.

Romans 9:7
and not all are children of Abraham because they are his offspring, but "Through Isaac shall your offspring be named."

Galatians 4:22
For it is written that Abraham had two sons, one by a slave woman and one by a free woman.

Galatians 4:28
Now you, brothers, like Isaac, are children of promise.

Galatians 4:29
But just as at that time he who was born according to the flesh persecuted him who was born according to the Spirit, so also it is now.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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