English Standard Version
But the son of the slave was born according to the flesh, while the son of the free woman was born through promise.
King James Bible
But he who was of the bondwoman was born after the flesh; but he of the freewoman was by promise.
American Standard Version
Howbeit the'son by the handmaid is born after the flesh; but the'son by the freewoman is born through promise.
But he who was of the bondwoman, was born according to the flesh: but he of the free woman, was by promise.
English Revised Version
Howbeit the son by the handmaid is born after the flesh; but the son by the freewoman is born through promise.
Webster's Bible Translation
But he who was of the bond-woman, was born according to the flesh; but he of the free-woman was by promise.
Weymouth New Testament
But we see that the child of the slave-girl was born in the common course of nature; but the child of the free woman in fulfilment of the promise.
Galatians 4:23 Parallel
CommentaryVincent's Word Studies
Was born (γεγέννηται)
Has been born, or is born: perfect tense, treating the historical fact as if present.
After the flesh (κατὰ σάρκα)
According to the regular course of nature. Very common in Paul.
By promise (δἰ ἐπαγγελίας)
Most editors retain the article, the promise of Genesis 17:16, Genesis 17:19; Genesis 18:10. Comp. Romans 9:9. In virtue of the promise; for according to natural conditions he would not have been born.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
I will bless her, and moreover, I will give you a son by her. I will bless her, and she shall become nations; kings of peoples shall come from her."
The LORD said, "I will surely return to you about this time next year, and Sarah your wife shall have a son." And Sarah was listening at the tent door behind him.
The LORD visited Sarah as he had said, and the LORD did to Sarah as he had promised.
and not all are children of Abraham because they are his offspring, but "Through Isaac shall your offspring be named."
For it is written that Abraham had two sons, one by a slave woman and one by a free woman.
Now you, brothers, like Isaac, are children of promise.
But just as at that time he who was born according to the flesh persecuted him who was born according to the Spirit, so also it is now.
Jump to PreviousBondwoman Bond-Woman Born Child Common Course Flesh Free Freewoman Free-Woman Fulfilment Handmaid Howbeit However Maid Maid-Servant Nature Ordinary Promise Result Servant Servant-Woman Slave Slave-Girl Undertaking Way
Jump to NextBondwoman Bond-Woman Born Child Common Course Flesh Free Freewoman Free-Woman Fulfilment Handmaid Howbeit However Maid Maid-Servant Nature Ordinary Promise Result Servant Servant-Woman Slave Slave-Girl Undertaking Way
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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.